introduction not listed by title by place by editor by publisher by special subject covers
1789-1810 1811-1820 1821-1830 1831-1840 1841-1850 1851-1860 1861-1872

American children’s periodicals, 1821-1830

This bibliography—with an introduction—is available as an ebook from Barnes & Noble and amazon.com.

[NOTES: Unless noted, page size is the size when trimmed, usually for binding; page size is approximate. Page size is described as height by width, thus: [measurement in inches]? h x [measurement in inches]? w

about frequency: semimonthly: twice a month (usually 24 issues per year); biweekly: every other week (usually 26 issues per year); bimonthly: every other month (usually 6 issues per year)

about availability: selections or complete issues available for free on the Internet, or available at libraries on microform or in databases

abbreviations:

APS, American Periodical Series (microfilm; also, digital database)

AAS, American Antiquarian Society, MA

AASHistPer, American Antiquarian Society Historical Periodicals (digital database; series 1-5)

Batsel, Union List of United Methodist Serials, 1773-1973, comp. John D. Batsel and Lyda K. Batsel (Evanston, IL: n. p., 1974)

NUC, National Union Catalog

OCLC, database available at many institutions via WorldCat (information may also be available in the NUC)

ULS, Union List of Serials in Libraries of the United States and Canada, ed. Winifred Gregory (New York, NY: H. W. Wilson Co., 1927)]

The Sunday Scholars’ Magazine; or, Monthly Reward Book ; Jan 1821

edited by: Joseph W. Ingraham

published: Boston, MA: Joseph W. Ingraham; publisher at 90 Court St.

frequency: monthly

description: 24 pp.; page size, 8.25″ h

• Probably never published; the specimen appears to have been published in 1821; the proposal also appeared in 1822 and 1823

• Religious focus

relevant quote: The Magazine was to be the republication of a London periodical: “The English publication of this useful and intertaining [sic] miscellany, commenced with January of the present year. Mr. Ingraham of this city has proposed republishing it for the benefit of our Sabbath Schools, and of our youth generally. It may be a sufficient recommendation of it, to repeat from the Prospectus, that ‘four editions of the first numbers have already been printed in England,’ and that ‘the work contains, in addition to religious essays and intelligence, occasional articles of plain information in sacred geography, national history, and other departments of useful knowledge, with many remarks showing the benefits and advantages of industry, contentment, cleanliness and economy.’ ” [“Sunday Scholar’s Magazine”]

source of information: OCLC; “Scholar’s Magazine”; notice

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “The Scholar’s Magazine, or Monthly Reward Book.” Boston Recorder 7 (26 Oct 1822): 171.

• notice. Zion’s Herald 1 (5 Feb 1823): 18.

The Juvenile Repository ; 1822

edited: H. Johnson; W. R. Moore

published: Lancaster, PA

frequency: weekly: Saturday

description: $1/ year

source of information: Dawn

bibliography:

• Notice. The Dawn 1 (17 June 1822): 25-26.

• Edwin Charles Strohecker. “American Juvenile Literary Periodicals, 1789-1826.” PhD diss. Michigan, 1969.

The Literary Kaleidoscope ; 1822 (last issue, Sept)

edited: M. C. Hull

published: Wheeling, VA (now Wheeling, WV)

frequency: monthly

description: 25¢/ year

source of information: Dawn

bibliography:

• Notice. The Dawn 1 (17 June 1822): 25-26.

• Notice. The Dawn 1 (16 July 1822): 41.

• Edwin Charles Strohecker. “American Juvenile Literary Periodicals, 1789-1826.” PhD diss. Michigan, 1969.

The Dawn ; 1 May-1 Oct, 1 Nov 1822

cover/masthead: 1822

edited by: Lewis Wilson

published: Wilmington, DE: Lewis Wilson; publisher at 105 Market St.

frequency: 1 May-1 Oct, semimonthly; 1 Nov, monthly

description: 1 May-1 Oct, 8 pp.; 1 Nov, 12 pp.; page size, 10.75″ h x 6.5″ w; price, 75¢/ year

relevant information: Wilson’s father published two newspapers

relevant quotes:

• Introduction: “In presenting to the public the first number of the Dawn, it is deemed necessary to set forth the object in view; and considering the youth of the editor, it becomes doubly so. The object of our paper is to afford the youth of this Borough and vicinity, an opportunity of bringing into action those latent talents which the editor is well persuaded too often remain uncultivated, for want of a publication of this kind. The importance and utility of such a publication must be evident to every reflecting mind. It will be the means of exciting an emulation for literary superiority; thus bringing into action, talents which otherwise might have long lain dormant; thereby preparing us for the occupancy of stations in life, to which we may in our maturer years be called.” [1 (1 May 1822): 1]

• Wilson began the magazine when an amateur publication was failing: “[T]he editors of the “Juvenile Gazette ’ were becoming weary of their vocation—the paper was dwindling into nothingness, and they were about relinquishing it entirely …. We beheld the dawn of genious [sic] about to be smothered, and our fellow-youth destitute [o]f a suitable opportunity of exercising their talents and bringing their views to light; thus, in all probability, depriving our country of the services of men who might be her brightest ornaments.” [“Address to Our Readers,” 1 (1 Nov 1822): 89] (The Gazette was a traditional amateur paper with limited subscribership, since only one copy of an issue was created: “The communications when written were forwarded to the Editor, who transcribed them upon a sheet of paper, and when done, it was handed round among the members for perusal, and finally to the Editor for preservation.” [Dawn 1 (1 May 1822): 3] There were 41 issues. [Dawn 1 (17 June 1822): 26])

• Launching a periodical was financially precarious: “Postmasters at a distance, and persons in our immediate neighborhood who hold subscription papers for the “Dawn ” are respectfully solicited to forward them to the Editor immediately. The subscription is yet too small to defray the expense of publication, and we are anxious to know our fate; whether we shall be the means of cultivating and enlightening the minds of the youth of Delaware, or whether they shall be permitted to grope their way in ignorance.” [1 (1 May 1822): 2]

• Publishing a periodical was financially perilous: “More than three Months have elapsed since the commencement of this publication, and already are our prospects of future usefulenss, and the anticipated splendor of the DAWN, becoming clouded by many difficulties which we (thoughtless youth) little expected to encounter. Just as we imagined our efforts to eradicate the demon IGNORANCE from the minds of our fellow-youth, by endeavoring to instil into them a love of reading, and “a desire to excel in composition,” and were about realizing as we vainly supposed, the fulfilment of our expectations, the idea occurred to us to “sit down and count the cost ” of our establishment. We did so—and notwithstanding we made a calculation of our expenses previous to our undertaking, we fell infinitely short of what they really are. The reason of this was because we calculated too largely upon the increase of our subscription list, and though it has accumulated one third since the commencement, it is yet too small to defray the actual expense. It is not our intention to enter into a detail of the merits (if it has any) of the publication;—it has been before my fellow-youth long enough for them to determine whether it is worth patronizing or not—whether they will endeavor to obtain more subscribers, and thereby prevent its descending below the horizon, which must inevitably take place at the expiration of three Months, unless a sufficient increase of patronage is received.” [“An Appeal to Our Reader,” 1 (16 Aug 1822): 57]

• Concluding: publishing could be financially and socially disastrous: “Flushed with the idea of success, we pursued ‘the even tenor of our way’ for the space of three Months, when we sat down to count the cost of our establishment—found that it exceeded our income—addressed our readers on the subject—and although our subscription list has increased since, it is yet too small to defray the expense, and the Dawn which we once anticipated would shine forth in its meridian splendor, has descended below the horizon, adding another to the already numerous instances of the folly of depending upon the assistance of those who flatter in the time of prosperity, but in the hour of adversity will desert you, and leave you to drag out a miserable existance [sic] in penury, want and starvation. We are determined that this shall not be the case with us, and will therefore abandon that which would in time, lead to this direful condition. … To all our readers we wish happiness and prosperity—may they shun the paths of vice, and cultivate every virtue that is calculated to render them ornaments to society in this world, and prepare them for a blessed immortality in the world to come.” [“Address to Our Readers” 1 (1 Nov 1822): 89-90]

source of information: APS reel 100; Strohecker

available: APS II (1800-1850), reel 100

bibliography; Edwin Charles Strohecker. “American Juvenile Literary Periodicals, 1789-1826.” PhD diss. Michigan, 1969.

Juvenile Museum ; 16 Ninth month (16 Sept) 1822-27 Ninth month (27 Sept) 1823

edited by: Horton J. Howard

published: Mt. Pleasant, OH; Ezekiel Harris & Co. Printed: Elisha Bates

frequency: 16 Ninth month (Sept) 1822-1 Second month (Feb) 1823, semimonthly; 1 Third month (March)-27 Ninth month (Sept), monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 16 Ninth month (Sept) 1822-1 Second month (Feb) 1823, 8 pp.; 1 Third month (March)-27 Ninth month (Sept), 16 pp. • Price, 50¢/ year; page size, 6″ h x 4″ w

relevant quote: Prospectus: Published by “The Seminary Range Literary Association. The object of the editors is to present a sheet of innocent and interesting matter, for the improvement of the Junior Class of Society, of both sexes.” (in Dawn)

source of information: AASHistPer, series 2; Strohecker; AAS catalog; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• Notice. The Dawn 1 (2 Sept 1822): 65.

• Edwin Charles Strohecker. “American Juvenile Literary Periodicals, 1789-1826.” PhD diss. Michigan, 1969.

Youth’s Instructer and Guardian ; 1823-1828 • Youth’s Instructor and Sabbath School Assistant ; 1829 • Youth’s Instructor and Sabbath School and Bible Class Assistant ; 1830-1832

published: New York, NY: N. Bangs & T. Mason for Methodist Episcopal Church, 1825; printed by Azor Hoyt.

• New York, NY: J. Emory & B. Waugh, for the Methodist Episcopal Church, April 1830-March 1831; printed by J. Collord

frequency: monthly • 1830: 1 vol/ year; volume begins with April issue

description: 1825, 1830: 36 pp.; page size, 6 7/8″ h x 4″ w. Price, 1827-1828: $1/ year; $1.25 “half bound in calf”

• New series, vol 1 (1829); vol 2, numbers 1-12 (April 1830-March 1831)

• Religious focus: Methodist

relevant information:

• At first, issues where paid for by the minister of each church, who distributed them to subscribers. In 1828, publishers began to deal with subscribers directly.

• Information about the contents is available from other sources, especially the Christian Advocate:

• table of contents for 1826: Christian Advocate (1 [18 Nov 1826]: 42-43)

• April 1827 issue: Christian Advocate (1 [31 March 1827]: 119)

• June 1827 issue: Zion’s Herald (5 [13 June 1827]: 95)

• August 1827 issue: Zion’s Herald (5 [8 Aug 1827]: 127)

• Jan 1828 issue: Christian Advocate (2 [28 Dec 1827]: 67)

• March 1830 issue: Christian and Journal and Zion’s Herald 4 (5 March 1830): 107

• The number of copies sent to various locations was printed in 1828 (Christian Advocate 3 [5 Sept 1828]: 3).

relevant quotes:

• The work was intended for older children: “The Youth’s Instructer and Guardian may be introduced into Sunday schools, for the benefit of larger scholars, as a reading and reward book ….” [Prospectus. The Child’s Magazine 1 (July 1827): inside front cover; cover p. 2]

• It was “designed for the instruction and entertainment of the rising generation. Its plan comprehends Scripture Biography; Memoirs of Young Persons; Juvenile Obituaries; Familiar Essays; Dialogues, or Narratives, on Religious[,] Moral, and Miscellaneous subjects; Anecdotes; brief Historical Compilations; Extracts from interesting Books of Travels, &c.; Articles of Natural History and Philosophy; Juvenile Letters; and Poetry, original and selected.” [advertisement. The Child’s Magazine 1 (July 1827): back cover; cover p. 4]

• In 1829, the Instructer broadened its focus: “It is intended in future, as the altered title imports, to introduce into this work a regular sabbath school department. This is designed not merely for the benefit of the scholars, but especially also for the teachers, superintendents, and visiters, as a true and general Sabbath School Assistant.” [“Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” 12 Dec 1828]

continued by: Youth’s Magazine: A Monthly Miscellany (New York, NY; May 1838-April 1841)

source of information: 1825 vol; April 1830-March 1831 vol; Child’s Magazine; AAS catalog; Batsel

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” Christian Advocate 1 (18 Nov 1826): 42-43.

• “Methodist Magazine.” Christian Advocate and Journal 1 (31 March 1827): 119.

• “Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” Christian Advocate and Journal 1 (31 March 1827): 119.

• “Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” Zion’s Herald 5 (13 June 1827): 95.

• “Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” Zion’s Herald 5 (8 Aug 1827): 127.

• “Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” Christian Advocate 2 (28 Dec 1827): 67.

• “The Methodist Magazine, and the Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” Christian Advocate and Journal and Zion’s Herald 3 (5 Sept 1828): 3.

• “Youth’s Instructer and Guardian.” Christian and Journal and Zion’s Herald 3 (12 Dec 1828): 59.

• “A Good Example.” Christian and Journal and Zion’s Herald 4 (11 Dec 1828): 59.

• “Youth’s Instructer.” Christian and Journal and Zion’s Herald 4 (5 March 1830): 107.

The Sabbath School Repository and Teacher’s Assistant ; Jan-Dec 1823

edited by: E. B. Coleman

published: New Haven, CT: E. B. Coleman, 1823.

frequency: monthly

description: 24 pp.; price, 50¢ or 75¢/ year

• Religious focus

relevant quotes:

• The price of the Repository depended on whether or not the subscriber also took the Guardian, which Coleman also edited: “The Repository will contain one sheet of 25 pages per month, to be stitched with the Guardian, or in printed covers by itself, as subscribers shall wish. When united with the Guardian it will enhance the price of that work fifty cents; but when stitched by itself the price will be seventy-five cents in advance, or one dollar payable in six months from the first of January; and to individuals or companies who shall pay for ten sets in advance, to be sent in one bundle, the price will be reduced to fifty cents.” [“Sabbath School Repository” Religious Intelligencer Dec 1822]

• On the focus: “It is stated that the work ‘will contain choice selections from several valuable English Sabbath School Magazines, and also whatever is interesting respecting Sabbath Schools in our country.’ We should be gratified at seeing the work gradually assume more of an original character, as in this way it would, both with Teachers and their pupils, possess a greater interest. Short biographical sketches of pious children, who have been connected with the different schools in which the work is taken, could hardly fail of being highly useful.” [“Sabbath School Repository” Religious Intelligencer 19 April 1823]

• On the close of the magazine:

Number Twelve! sure enough—our First Volume’s complete.

Then on such an occasion ’tis certainly meet

We should take a respectful farewell of our friends,

With thanks that their favour our efforts attends.”

[“Number Twelve.” 1 (Dec 1823): 286]

• The ending of the magazine was noted in 1824: “The Editor of the ‘Sabbath School Repository’ has been induced to relinquish the publication of this interesting little work; not having a sufficient patronage to remunerate him for his labor. This must be regretted by those who were acquainted with the merits of the Repository.” [Notice.]

source of information: APS reel 205; Intelligencer; Miscellany

available: AASHistPer, series 2 • APS II (1800-1850), reel 205

bibliography:

• “Sabbath School Repository.” The Religious Intelligencer 7 (7 Dec 1822): 448.

• “The Guardian and Sabbath School Repository.” The Pittsburgh Recorder 2 (7 Feb 1823): 39.

• “Sabbath School Repository.” The Religious Intelligencer 7 (19 April 1823): 746.

• “Sabbath School Repository.” The Religious Miscellany 1 (25 April 1823): 220.

• “Sabbath School Repository.” The Religious Miscellany 1 (16 April 1823): 269.

• Notice. The Religious Miscellany 2 (16 Jan 1824): 412.

The Monitor ; Jan 1823-Dec 1824

edited: H. Wilbur

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

published: Boston, MA: Cummings, Hilliard, & Co., Jan 1823-Dec 1824.

description: 36 pp.; large duodecimo; page size, 7″ h x 4″ w. Price: $1/ year, if paid in advance; $1.25, if not paid in advance

• Intended for “youths over 15 years of age” [prospectus; 1823 vol]

• The first issue (Jan 1823) was reprinted at least twice.

relevant quotes:

• The Monitor was intended for slightly older readers: “The work is intended for an older class of readers than those who will be interested in the Guardian, or the Sunday School Magazine, and is not intended to interfere with either of those publications. We were much gratified when the design of the Monitor was announced in the Prospectus; for we saw that it was calculated to fill up an important deficiency in our system of religious instruction. A good degree of attention has always been paid to the religious education of children, so long as they are regarded as the proper subjects of catechetical instruction. … But when the child has become a youth, and the catechism is abandoned, the formation of his religious character has also been abandoned, and he has been left to the mere instructions of the sabbath.” [“Communication from a Pastor of a Pedobaptist Church in Boston.” Christian Watchman 4 (3 May 1823): 83]

• The merger with The Guardian was announced in Dec 1824: “Believing that important advantages would result from an union of the Monitor and Guardian, the Editors and Publishers of the two works have made arrangements for their union after the present volume. The particular excellencies of each plan will be retained and original articles from both the Editors will continue to be inserted. The terms will be the same as before, and subscribers to either will be considered as patrons of the united work, which will be issued monthly from Boston and New Haven, the first of the month.” [“Preface.” Monitor. 1824 bound volume]

merged with: The Guardian (Jan 1819-Dec 1824), to form The Guardian and Monitor ; 1825-1828

source of information: 1823-1824 vols

available: AASHistPer, series 2 • APS II (1800-1850), reel 143

bibliography:

• “Communication from a Pastor of a Pedobaptist Church in Boston.” Christian Watchman 4 (3 May 1823): 83.

• “The Guardian and Monitor.” The Religious Intelligencer 9 (1 Jan 1825): 489.

The Juvenile Magazine ; April 1823

edited by: William Biglow

published: Belfast, ME: Ephraim Fellows & W. R. Simpson

frequency: monthly

description: 36 pp.; price: $1/ year

relevant information: Only one issue

source of information: Salem Gazette ; Williamson

bibliography:

• Notice. Salem Gazette [Salem, MA] (29 April 1823): 2.

• Joseph Williamson. “The Press of Waldo County.” In History of the Press of Maine, ed. Joseph Griffin. Brunswick: 1872; p. 159. [archive.org]

Teacher’s Offering; or Sabbath’s Scholar’s Magazine ; Nov 1823-1824 • Teacher’s Offering; or Sunday Scholar’s Magazine ; 1825 • The Youth’s Friend, and Scholar’s Magazine ; 1826-after 1845

cover/masthead: 1831

edited by: Frederick A. Packard

published: Philadelphia, PA: American Sunday School Union; 1829, publisher at 146 Chestnut St.

frequency: monthly

description: 16 pp.; 24mo; page size, 5.5″ h x 3.25″ w; price, 25¢/ year • Circulation: 1825, Jan issue, 3000 (50 subscribers) [“American Sunday School Union” 1826] or 2,000 [“First Annual Report”; p. 163]; 1827, 10,000 [Mott; “American Sunday School Union” 1826]; 1828, 13,000 [“Youth’s Friend”]

• May 1828-May 1829, 157,000 copies published [“American S. S. Union.”]

• Religious focus

relevant quotes:

• In 1824, the Offering was intended as a reward for children attending sunday school: “It consists of addresses to children, Sabbath School fact, anecdotes, &c. The condition for receiving it is that the scholar, after he has been a member of the School three months average at least six verses at each recitation during the preceding month, and be punctual in his attendance unless he have a sufficient excuse for being late or absent. The effect produced by this little book in securing the punctuality and satisfying the wishes of the childen is very pleasing.—Indeed, it seems to have superseded almost entirely, the necessity of any other reward.” [“Teacher’s Offering”; p. 27]

• Circulation figures were published in 1826: “It was commenced in January 1825, with an edition of 3,000 copies, and less than 50 subscribers. In August of the same year the edition was increased to 5,000, and the back numbers were reprinted. In April of the present year, the edition was increased to 7,000, and subsequently, to 10,000. So rapid an increase of circulation, is a strong proof of the utility of the work.” [“Second Report”; p. 390]

source of information: 1829-1838, scattered bound volumes; OCLC; AAS catalog; notices (below); Scharf; Mott; Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “The Teacher’s Offering.” The Religious Intelligencer 9 (12 June 1824): 26-27.

• “New Haven Sabbath School Union.” Boston Recorder 9 (19 June 1824): 99.

• “First Annual Report of the American Sunday School Union.” The American Sunday School Magazine June 1825: 161-172.

• “American Sunday School Union.” Christian Watchman 9 June 1826: 3.

• “American Sunday School Union. Second Report.” The Missionary Herald 22 (Dec 1826): 390-392.

• “Periodical Works for Children.” American Journal of Education. 2 (December 1827): 750. online

• “Youth’s Friend, and Scholar’s Magazine.” The American Sunday School Magazine Jan 1828: 19.

• “Sunday Schools No. 2.” Eastern American [Castine, ME] 1 (9 April 1828): 1.

• “The Youth’s Friend, and Scholar’s Magazine.” The Religious Intelligencer 14 (19 Sept 1829): 272.

• “American S. S. Union.” Vermont Watchman and State Gazette [Montpelier, VT] 24 (14 Sept 1830: 1.

Longworth’s American Almanac, New-York Register, and City Directory. NY: Thomas Longworth, 1837; p. 708. [google books]

Doggett’s New-York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, 4th ed. NY: John Doggett, Jr., 1845; p. 430. [google books]

• “Sunday-Schools and the American Sunday-School Union.” The American Journal of Education 41 (Dec 1865): 709, 715.

• J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott. History of Philadelphia, 1609-1884. Philadelphia, PA: L. H. Everts & Co., 1884; vol 3, p. 1989. [google books]

• Frank Luther Mott. A History of American Magazines. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1930. Vol. 1: 144.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Sabbath School Visitant ; June 1824-1828

published: Utica, NY: n.p.; printed by Merrell & Colwell, 1824-1826.

frequency: 1824-1827: monthly; 1 vol/ year

• Dec 1824 and Feb 1825 had two issues (15 & 25 Dec; 15 & 24 Feb): “Our patrons cannot have regretted more deeply than ourselves, the necessity of our having been compelled, for the last three months, to publish two numbers in one. It arose from the fact of our devoting more time to the work than was originally intended, by which means, we trust, it has been made more useful.” [1 (Feb 1825): 92]

• 1828: biweekly

description: June 1824-Aug 1825, 8 pp. • Sept 1825, 20 pp.

• Circulation: 1827, 900 copies/ month

• Religious focus

relevant quote: On the increase in pages and the change from a monthly to a biweekly periodical: “[W]hen the Visitant was first commenced, so little interest was felt in our neighborhood, in regard to Sunday Schools, that many of our friends imagined we had given ourselves to a visionary undertaking. But, during the interval between the publication of our first number and the close of the second volume, the appetite for Sunday School intelligence had so much increased, while interesting intelligence in the mean time was pouring in upon us and accumulating upon our hands, that we were obliged to enlarge the Visitant to twice its original size. When, two years ago, this enlargement became necessary, the schools fo the Western Union numbered about ten thousand pupils; our schools now number more than thirty thousand.” Thus, “We are far … from supposing ourselves premature in this change. Indeed, we do not keep pace with the wants of the public.” [“Sabbath School Visitant.” The Religious Intelligencer 12 (19 Jan 1828): 539-540]

merged with: The Juvenile Magazine (1827-1828) to form Sabbath School Visitant and Juvenile Magazine (1829)

source of information: APS reel 1124; NUC

available: APS II (1800-1850), reel 1124

bibliography:

• “Western Sunday School Union.” The Religious Intelligencer 12 (10 Nov 1827): 370.

• “Circular: To the Churches Within the Limits of the Western Sabbath School Union.” Western Recorder 4 (18 Dec 1827).

• “Sabbath School Visitant.” The Religious Intelligencer 12 (19 Jan 1828): 539-540.

• “Sabbath School Visitant.” Western Recorder 7 (19 Jan 1830): 10.

The Moral and Religious Repository, or Youth’s Christian Monitor (also Youth’s Christian Monitor) ; 9 July 1824-

cover/masthead: 1824

published: Montrose, PA: J. Catlin.

description: Page size, 8.5″ h

• Religious focus

relevant quote:

• The editor’s intention: “When a new publication is laid before the public, it is expected that the design of the work and the inducements which prompted it, be made known at the commencement. the Editor would therefore briefly state—that the object of this publication is, to disseminate religious intelligence, and to instil into the minds of the rising generation the exalted principles of Morality and Religion—to admonish them to imitate the virtues of the good, and to flee the vices of the licentious—and to point the way to ‘another an a better world,’ through the medium of a Saviour. The benevolent efforts of the Missionaries of the present day form one of the most interesting items of intelligence to a Christian people.… The various institutions, therefore, for promoting the spread of the gospel at home and abroad, and also narratives of revivals of religion, will claim a share of attention in the Repository. In no case will this work be the medium of controversial subjects, but will lend its influence to promote the practice of the several christian virtues, and to further the cause of benevolent exertions.…nor will it be exclusively devoted to any particular sect of christians. Should the Repository meet with encouragement that would warrant its continuance for a length of time, the editor will spare no pains to render it interesting and useful.… to enable him to do this, he humbly hopes that HE who is mighty, will strengthen his hand to prosecute this important design. Well written essays, adapted to the nature of the publication, are respectfully solicited.” [“Advertisement.” 1 (9 July 1824): 3]

source of information: AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 2

The Youth’s Friend [El amigo de la juventud] ; May 1825

edited by: Felix Varela

published: New York

relevant information: bilingual: English and Spanish; “Catholic Historical Notes” says it was published in Spanish and French

source of information: McCadden; “Catholic Historical Notes”

bibliography:

• prospectus. Truth Teller 1 (14 May 1825).

• “Catholic Historical Notes.” The American Historical Researches 21 (Jan 1904): p. 38.

• Joseph and Helen McCadden. Father Varela: Torch Bearer from Cuba. United States Catholic Historical Society Monograph Series #27. NY: United States Catholic Historical Society, 1969; pp. 75-76.

The Guardian and Monitor ; Jan 1825-Dec 1828

cover/masthead: 1825, 1828

edited: E. B. Coleman; H. Wilbur

published: New Haven, CT: Nathan Whiting, 1825-1827.

frequency: monthly: 1st week of the month

description: 36 pp.; page size, 6 7/8″ h x 4″ w

• Price, 1825-1826: $1/ year, in advance; $1.25/ year, paid after three months

• 1825 marked “New series,” vol 7

relevant quotes:

• “The Guardian which has been published at this office for several years, and the Monitor which has been published in Boston, by the Rev. Mr. Wilber. [sic] are to be unified and published at this office.—We have no doubt this union will improve the work. It will be better adapted to the taste of youth of a more advanced age, and to all who are desirous of intellectual and moral improvement.” [“The Guardian and Monitor.”]

• Whiting offered to relinquish the Guardian in 1828: “The subscriber, being engaged in other publications, offers to dispose the establishment of the Guardian [and] Monitor, after the close of the present year. It has a respectable list of subscribers, and might be greatly increased by proper attention.” [“Worthy of Notice.” The Religious Intelligencer 12 (18 Aug 1827): 192]

• Finances did in the Guardian and Monitor: “This little journal had its commencement … early, when publications of the kind were rare and undertaken as novel experiments. … Commencing as it did with this reading and publishing age, and being, as it were, pioneer to the army of similar works that have risen up and followed on, during the ten years last past, the editor has hesitated long in dropping it. It is not now done so much for want of patronage, as from want of profit—or rather loss of profit. Formerly, when too the sources of intelligence and reading for enriching its columns were not one tenth of what they now are, the work enjoyed the flattering patronage of more than seven thousand subscribers. And now, though the patronage is much divided, as it of right should be, it has subscribers enough to warrant almost any other work in proceeding. The secret of its failure is briefly told:—The price of the work, though illustrated by cuts and stitched in the pamphlet form, was $1 or $1 25: and that collected by paying double or treble postage—or employing a travelling agent.” [“To Our Patrons” 507]

continues: The Guardian, or Youth’s Religious Instructor ; Jan 1819-Dec 1824 • The Monitor ; Jan 1823-Dec 1824

source of information: 1826 vol; Feb 1828 issue; APS 112 & 881

available: AASHistPer, series 2 • APS II (1800-1850), reel 112 & 881

bibliography:

• “The Guardian and Monitor.” The Religious Intelligencer 9 (1 Jan 1825): 489.

• Notice. Western Recorder 2 (25 Jan 1825): 15.

• “The Guardian and Monitor.” The Religious Intelligencer 10 (11 Feb 1826): 582-583.

• “Worthy of Notice.” The Religious Intelligencer 12 (18 Aug 1827): 192.

• “To Our Patrons.” The Religious Intelligencer 13 (3 Jan 1829): 507-508.

• John B. Crume. “Children’s Magazines, 1826-1857.” Journal of Popular Culture 7 (1973): 698-706.

Children’s Friend ; Jan 1826-1827?

published: Albany, NY: Webster & Wood.

• Albany, NY: E. & E. Hosford, Feb-Sept 1827.

frequency: monthly

description: 24 pp; page size, 4.25″ h x 2.5″ w • Feb 1826, 32 pp.

relevant quote: “We earnestly hope a more particular attention will be paid to the introduction of the American Sabbath School Teacher’s Magazine, the Youth’s Friend and the Children’s Friend. The effect of these works from their known character may be easily estimated.” [“Eighth Annual Report”]

relevant information: The title may be incorporated into that of the The Sabbath School Messenger, and Children’s Friend (Oct 1828-Sept 1829?), also published in Albany.

source of information: Jan 1826 issue; OCLC

bibliography:

• “The Children’s Friend.” Western Recorder 3 (21 March 1826): 49.

• Advertisement. Western Recorder 4 (24 April 1827): 67.

• “The Eighth Annual Report of the Albany County Sabbath School Union Society.” Albany Argus [Albany, New York] 1 (19 Oct 1827): 1.

• “Periodical Works for Children.” American Journal of Education. 2 (December 1827): 750. online

The Juvenile Miscellany ; Sept 1826-Feb 1836; April 1836

cover/masthead: 1827 | 1828 | 1829 | 1831 | 1835

edited by: 1826-Aug 1834, Lydia Maria Child

• Sept 1834-April 1836, Sarah Josepha Hale

published: Boston, MA: John Putnam, 1826-1827.

• Boston, MA: John Putnam and Wait, Greene, & Co., 1827-1828; Putnam at Marsh and Capen’s Bookstore, 362 Washington St.; Wait, Greene & Co., at 13 Court St. (May 1827; Jan 1828)

• Boston, MA: Putnam & Hunt, 1828-1831; Putnam & Hunt at 41 Washington St. (Jan & March 1829).

• Philadelphia, PA: Thomas T. Ash, Jan & March 1829.

• Boston, MA: Carter, Hendee, & Babcock, Sept/Oct 1831.

• Boston, MA: Carter & Hendee, 1831-1834.

• Boston, MA: E. R. Broaders, 1834-1836; Broaders at 127 Washington St. (July 1835)

frequency: 1826-1834: bimonthly; 2 vol/ year. 1834-1836: monthly

description: 1826-1833, 108 pp.; duodecimo; page size, 5.75″ h x 3.25″ w; price $2/ year.

• 1835, 54 pp.; page size, 5.75″ h x 3.25″ w

• No March 1836 issue

• Vol. 1, no. 1 (Sept 1826)-v. 4 (July 1828); new series, v. 1 (Sept 1828)-v. 6 (Aug 1831); 3d series, v. 1 (Sept 1831)-v. 6 (Aug 1834); 4th series, v. 1 (Sept 1834)-v. 3 (Dec 1836)

relevant quotes:

• In the first issue, the editor appeared a bit diffident: “[T]hough I have great affection for you, and the kindest interest in your welfare and improvement, perhaps I may not be always able to afford you amusement and instruction. I have, in some measure, forgotten what pleased me, when I was a child, and it is difficult for me to imagine how I should think or feel, if I were as young as you now are. You, my dear young friends, shall be my critics: What you find, neither affords you amusement or does you good, I shall think is badly written.” [“Address”; p. iv]

• Child’s farewell as editor: “After conducting the Miscellany for eight years, I am now compelled to bid a reluctant and most affectionate farewell to my little readers. May God bless you, my young friends, and impress deeply upon your hearts the conviction that all true excellence and happiness consists in living for others, not for yourselves. … I intend hereafter to write other books for your amusement and instruction; and I part from you with less pain, because I hope that God will enable me to be a medium of use to you, in some other form than the Miscellany.” [“Note”]

entertaining information:

• The Miscellany will be the preferred reading material of Annie in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s “Little Annie’s Ramble”: “Is Annie a literary lady? Yes; she is deeply read in Robin Carver’s tomes, and has an increasing love for fairy tales, though seldom met with now-a-days, and she will subscribe, next year, to the Juvenile Miscellany.” Annie is five years old in the story. [Youth’s Keepsake for 1835. Boston: E. R. Broaders, 1834; p. 151]

• The Miscellany inadvertently provided material for at least the first issue of Every Youth’s Gazette (22 Jan-31 Dec 1842); the editor was open about why he felt safe including material from an earlier magazine: “I am indebted to a number of the Juvenile Miscellany, published sixteen years ago, for some of the articles in this number. The Miscellany was very popular with all young folks in its day; but, as its readers have since grown up to be men and women, the present generation will find them as new as if it had now appeared for the first time.” [1 (22 Jan 1842): 7]

• In 1884, 90-year-old Carolyn Gilman credited the Juvenile Miscellany as the first American work published for children, in response to the question, “Who were the first writers of children’s literature in this country … ?” [M. E. G. “The Free Parliament.” question 684. The Critic and Good Literature 12 May 1884: 239.] Unfortunately, her answer not only includes incorrect dates (late 1830s) for the periodicals she mentions, but inaccurately explains that “nothing before these … journals was printed in this country for children especially.” [Eliza W. Lippitt. “The Free Parliament.” answer to question 684. The Critic 16 Aug 1884: 84.]

source of information: 1826-1835 scattered issues and bound volumes; APS II, reels 389-390; AAS catalog; Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 2

• APS II (1800-1850), reel 389-390

• archive.org (some issues)

bibliography:

• “Address to the Young.” The Juvenile Miscellany. 1 (September 1826): iii-iv.

• Notice. American Journal of Education, 1 (September 1826): 569. online

Masonic Mirror and Mechanic’s Intelligencer (Boston), 2 (September 9, 1826): 294. online

• Review. Christian Examiner, 3 (September & October 1826): 427-428. online

• Review. American Journal of Education, 1 (October 1826): 640. online

• Review. Christian Intelligencer & Eastern Chronicle, 8 (5 Dec 1826: 195. online

• Review. American Journal of Education, 2 (March 1827): 191. online

• “Periodical Works for Children.” American Journal of Education. 2 (December 1827): 750. online

• Review. Ladies’ Magazine 1 (Jan 1828): 47-48. online

• Review. Christian Register (Boston), 7 (8 March 1828): 40; reprinted from the American & Gazette. online

• Review. Ladies’ Magazine, 1 (July 1828): 336. online

• Review. New-York Mirror, and Ladies’ Literary Gazette, 6 (2 Aug 1828): 25-26. online

• “Juvenile Miscellanies.” The Ariel 2 (20 Sept 1828): 84.

• Review. Ladies’ Magazine 2 (Feb 1829): 95. online

• Review. American Annals of Education, 4 (July & August 1829): 383. online

• Review. Ladies’ Magazine, 2 (September 1829): 440. online

• Notice. American Monthly Magazine 1 (Dec 1830): 647. online

• “Juvenile Miscellany.” Christian Watchman, 14 (3 April 1833): 55. online

• “Items for Youth.” Rose Bud. 1 (15 June 1833): 167. online

• “Note.” The Juvenile Miscellany. 6 (July/August 1834): 323.

• Notice. Southern Rose Bud, 3 (18 October 1834): 27. online

• Eliza W. Lippitt. “The Free Parliament.” answer to question 684. The Critic 16 Aug 1884: 84.

• Mabel F. Altstetter. “Early American Magazines for Children.” Peabody Journal of Education 19 (Nov 1941); p. 131-132.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; 54-61.

• Edwin Charles Strohecker. “American Juvenile Literary Periodicals, 1789-1826.” PhD diss. Michigan, 1969.

• Rex Burns. Success in America: The Yeoman Dream and the Industrial Evolution. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1976; pp. 19-26.

• Jill Delano Sweiger. “Conceptions of Children in American Juvenile Periodicals: 1830-1870.” PhD diss. Rutgers University, 1977.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• Gillian Avery. Behold the Child: American Children and Their Books, 1621-1922. Baltimore, MD; Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994; pp. 82-85.

• Carolyn L. Karcher. “Lydia Maria Child and the Juvenile Miscellany: The Creation of an American Children’s Literature.” In Periodical Literature in Nineteenth-Century America, ed. Kenneth M. Price and Susan Belasco Smith. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1995.

• Holly Keller. “Juvenile Antislavery Narrative and Notions of Childhood.” Children’s Literature, 24 (1996): 86-100.

• Etsuko Taketani. “The ‘Omnipresent Aunt’ and the Social Child: Lydia Maria Child’s Juvenile Miscellany.” Children’s Literature, 27 (1999): 22-39.

The Baptist Tract and Youth’s Magazine (also The Baptist Tract Magazine) ; July 1827-Dec 1835

published: Philadelphia, PA: Baptist General Tract Society.

frequency: monthly

description: 24 pp. • 1832: page size, 7″ h x 4.5″ w • Price: originally, $1/ year; reduced to 50¢/ year in order to spur subscriptions: “A number of subscribers were obtained, but not enough to support the work: but still the need of it was felt, and a desire for its experience expressed. … On mature deliberation it has been thought that the objects of the work would be the more likely to be gained, except profit, by a reduction of the price to a rate that will make it cheaper in proportion, than any publication of the kind: and thus invite, and it is hoped, insure a large circulation.” [“To our Patrons.”]

source of information: April-Dec 1832 bound issues; “Baptist General Tract Society”; “To our Patrons”; OCLC

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “Baptist General Tract Society.” The American Baptist Magazine 2 (March 1827): 92.

• “Prospectus of the Baptist Tract Magazine.” The Columbian Star 6 (28 April 1827): 68.

• “The Baptist Tract Magazine. To our Patrons and the Public.” Christian Secretary 4 (22 Sept 1827): 138.

Youth’s Gazette ; 13 Jan 1827-

edited by: William Russell

published: Boston, MA: Thomas B. Wait & Son.

frequency: originally, weekly; then monthly

description: Page size, 11.25″ h

• Issue #2 was available by 24 Feb 1827.

relevant information: Intended for readers ages 10 to 15. [“Youth’s Gazette.” 3 Feb 1827]

relevant quote: The Gazette promised to satisfy a wide range of interests: “The leading feature in the plan proposed are, 1. To present extracts from recent publications for youth. … 2. To furnish recent or interesting articles in those departments of science which naturally claim the attention of youth. Geography, history, biography, natural history, and various other branches entertaining and useful to the young, will here be the chief objects of attention. 3. To present a brief view of political and general intelligence foreign and domestic. 4. To select suitable reading for the improvement of hours not otherwise occupied on Sunday.” [Masonic Mirror]

source of information: Masonic Mirror; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “New Publication.” Masonic Mirror and Mechanics’ Intelligencer 3 (20 Jan 1827): 30. online

• “Youth’s Gazette.” Literary Cadet, And Saturday Evening Bulletin [Providence, RI] 1 (3 Feb 1827): 3.

• “Gazette for Youth.” Teacher’s Guide and Parent’s Assistant 1 (15 Feb 1827): 94.

• “Youth’s Gazette.” Literary Cadet, And Saturday Evening Bulletin [Providence, RI] 1 (24 Feb 1827): 3.

The Juvenile Magazine ; 27 Jan 1827-Dec 1828

published: Utica, NY: Western Sunday School Union.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 16 pp.; page size, 5.5″ h x 3.25″ w

merged with: Sabbath School Visitant (1824-1826) to form Sabbath School Visitant and Juvenile Magazine (1829)

source of information: 1828 vol; AAS catalog; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

American Journal of Education 2 (November 1827): 699-700. online

• “Periodical Works for Children.” American Journal of Education. 2 (December 1827): 750. online

Youth’s Companion ; 16 April, 6 June 1827-2 Aug 1834 • Youth’s Companion and Sabbath School Recorder ; 9 Aug 1834-13 May 1836 • The Youth’s Companion ; 20 May 1836-Sept 1929

cover/masthead: 6 June 1827-2 Aug 1834, 20 May 1836-8 May 1840, 14 May 1841-14 Jan 1842 | 15 May 1840-7 May 1841 | 21 Jan 21, 1842-2 May 1844 | 9 May 1844-26 April 1849 | 3 May 1849-25 Dec 1856 | 1 Jan 1857-20 Dec 1866 | 27 Dec 1866-31 Dec 1868 | Jan 1869-Dec 1872

edited by: 1827-1856, Nathaniel Willis

• 1857-1899, Daniel S. Ford

published: Boston, MA: Nathaniel Willis & Asa Rand, 16 April, 6 June 1827-13 April 1831.

• Boston, MA: Nathaniel Willis, 20 April 1831-25 Dec 1856; at 127 Washington St., 20 April 1831-14 March 1832; at 134 Washington St., 21 March 1832-26 Dec 1832; at 14 Water St., 2 Jan 1833-22 Feb 1834 (address misprinted 16 Water St., 9 Jan 1833?); at 19 Water St., 1 March 1834-8 April 1836; at 9 Cornhill, 15 April-26 Aug 1836; at 11 Cornhill, 2 Sept 1836-26 July 1849; at 22 Cornhill, 2 Aug 1849-25 Dec 1856.

• Portland, ME: William Hyde, 9 Aug 1834-7 Oct 1836.

• Boston, MA: Olmstead & Co., 1 Jan 1857-1867.

• Boston, MA: Perry Mason & Co., 1 Aug 1867-1929.

frequency: weekly

description: 1827-1868: 4 pp.; folio • 1869-1872, 8 pp.; quarto

• Prices: 16 April 1827: $1.50/ year in advance; $2/ year paid at end of year; “If an extensive subscription should be obtained, the price will be reduced.” • 6 June 1827-1861, $1/ year • 1863, $1/ year in advance; $1.25 thereafter: “We are forced to make this rule, because of the greatly increased cost of paper on which to print the Companion. We cannot afford to make any bad debts. The cost of publishing the Companion this year will be greater ever before. [37 (8 Jan 1863): 6] • 1865-1868, $1.25/ year • 1869-1872, $1.50/ year

• Page size expanded beginning with the issue for 30 May 1828 • Page size untrimmed, 1831-1833, 1840-1841, 13.5″ h x 11″ w • 1844-1850, 15.5″ h x 10.5″ w • 1851-1852, 13″ h x 11″ w • 1853-1856, 15.75″ h x 11″ w • Page size untrimmed, 1861, 19.5″ h x 14″ w • 1863, 17.5″ h x 12″ w • 1865-1868, 17″ h x 11.5″ w • 1869-1872, 14.5″ h x 10″ w

• Circulation: 1835 (from magazine), “two thousand families”. 1857 (from magazine), 4800; 1870, 60,000. 1871 (from magazine), 70,000. 1872 (from Robert Merry’s Museum), 100,000; (from Rowell), 82,000

relevant information:

• On the list of periodicals subscribed to by the Massachusetts State Reform School in 1867. [Twenty-First Annual Report]

relevant quotes:

• At age 79, Nathaniel Willis wrote of the founding: “In 1826 Mr. Asa Rand was my partner. We had a regular children’s department in the Recorder. We found all the children and youth interested in it. This suggested the idea of a children’s paper. We issued proposals for the Youth’s Companion, and the number of subscribers which came in induced us to commence in June, 1827. I had the care of the Companion, while Mr. Rand had care of the Recorder until Mr. Rand withdrew in 1830, when I had control of both papers until 1844; then the Recorder was sold to Rev. Martin Moore. I retained the Companion until 1857, when it was sold to Olmstead & Co.” [in Matthews; p. 135]

• A specimen issue was published in 16 April 1827. Prospectus: “The Editors of the Boston Recorder propose to publish a paper for the special use of Children and Youth, entitled Youth’s Companion; of which this sheet is intended as a specimen, both in respect to paper and type, and also the general quality of the matter it will contain. We have several reasons for making this proposal. We could about half fill the Recorder with interesting selections, adapted to our juvenile readers, from the various publications which we receive and peruse. Many of these are too valuable to be thrown by, and circulated no more; but we can by no means spare room to enlarge our Children’s and Youth’s Departments so as to admit one half of them. … Another reason is, that the capacities of children, and the peculiar situation and duties of youth, require select and appropriate reading. And while adults have various periodical publications, which they consider highly valuable, the younger part of the community seem to require that the same means be prepared for their gratification. If to these we add one reason more, the propriety of the step we have taken will be apparent. This is a day of peculiar care of Youth. Christians feel that their children must be trained up for Christ. Patriots and philanthropists are making rapid improvements in every branch of education. Literature, science, liberty and religion are extending in the earth. The human mind is becoming emancipated from the bondage of ignorance and superstition. Our children are born to higher destinies than their fathers …. Let their minds be formed, their hearts prepared, and their characters moulded for the scenes and the duties of a brighter day. The contents of the proposed work will be miscellaneous, though articles of a religious character will be most numerous. It will not take the form of discussion, or argument, and controversy will be entirely excluded. It will aim to inculcate truth by brief narratives, familiar illustrations, short biographies, and amusing anecdotes.” [1 (16 April 1827): 1]

• Lowering the subscription price for the second issue was a gamble: “We are conscious that we run a risk in reducing the price so low as our conditions state; but we do it in the confidence that the subscription will eventually be sufficient to afford us remuneration.” [“Price Reduced.” 1 (6 June 1827): 7]

• On the Companion ’s eighth birthday, readers were given a glimpse of how their magazine was put together: “Where was it born? In the office of the Boston Recorder—and that has always been its home. … There it receives visiters, and letters from its friends. Some of the visiters’ names are London Youth’s Magazine, London Teachers’ Offering, London Child’s Companion … and besides these, it has many visiters from several States in America. From these visiters and the letters which are frequently received from friends, it gathers all the narratives, stories and anecdotes, which it relates from week to week. When the Companion has collected as many stories as it can remember, it sets off on its journeys, and visits upwards of two thousand families ….” [“Birth-Day of the Youth’s Companion.” 8 (17 April 1835): 193]

• The Companion is listed as a juvenile paper refusing to participate in an exchange with Youth’s Cabinet in 1839.

• The Companion was one of only a handful of periodicals that William A. Alcott felt comfortable recommending to young readers in 1844. [p. 115]

• Paper costs during the Civil War necessitated a smaller page size: “Three or four of the subscribers of the Companion have complained by letter to us, because its size has been reduced since the great rise in the cost of white paper. … The Companion could not be issued on a sheet the size of that used last year, at a less price than $1,50. The white paper on which it is now printed, should we be obliged to pay the present market prices through the year, would cost nearly one thousand dollars more in the aggregate, for the twelve months of 1863, than the editions of the larger sheet last year. … We suppose that most of our readers have noticed that the Companion is now printed on finer type than was used on the larger sheet. Subscribers, therefore, get fully as large an amount of reading as formerly. All they have lost by the change is, an extra inch or two of printed paper.” [37 (26 Feb 1863): 34]

• Currency could also make business a challenge: “We shall feel greatly obliged to our subscribers in New York and the Western States, if in forwarding money in payment of their subscriptions to the Companion, they will send us United States Notes or Currency. By doing so they will save us the cost of exchange, which is quite heavy.” [37 (5 March 1863): 38]

• The Companion was sold in 1867: “Our subscribers will notice the change that has been made in the name of the publishing firm of the Companion. Mr. Olmstead has sold his interest in the paper, and is no longer connected with it.” [“To Subscribers.” 40 (1 Aug 1867): 122]

absorbed: The Juvenile Watchman ; 8 March, 26 April 1833-1835 • Robert Merry’s Museum ; Feb 1841-Nov 1872

absorbed by: American Boy—Open Road ; 1919-1954

source of information: 1828-1872, scattered issues & bound volumes; APS II, reel 1546-1572; AAS catalog; Kelly; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 2, 3, 4, 5 • APS II (1800-1850), reel 1546-1572

Youth’s Companion, ed. Lovell Thompson. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1954.

• excerpts in Companions of Our Youth: Stories by Women for Young People’s Magazines, 1865-1900, ed. Jane Benardete and Phyllis Moe. NY: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1980.

excerpts online

bibliography:

• “New Year’s Present.” Boston Recorder. 15 (8 December 1830): 194. online

• “Birth-Day of the Youth’s Companion.” Youth’s Companion. 8 (17 April 1835): 193.

• William A. Alcott. The Boy’s Guide to Usefulness. Boston: Waite, Peirce, and Company, 1844: 115. [google books]

• George Adams. The Boston Directory … 1848. Boston: James French, 1848; p. 36. [google books]

The Boston Directory … 1849. Boston: George Adams, 1849; p. 41. [archive.org]

The Boston Directory, for the Year 1851. Boston: George Adams, 1851; appendix, p. 32. [google books]

• John Livingston. Livingston’s Law Register, for 1852. NY: U. S. Law Magazine, 1852; catalog of newspapers, p. 20. [archive.org]

The Boston directory for the Year 1852. Boston: George Adams, 1852; p. 36. [google books]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 31. [google books]

Twenty-First Annual Report of the Trustees of the State Reform School. Boston, Massachusetts: Wright & Potter, 1868; p. 18. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 45. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 665. [google books]

Wentworth’s Boston Commercial Directory for 1871. Boston: Wentworth & Co., 1870; p. 120. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 74. [archive.org]

• Harriet L. Matthews. “Children’s Magazines.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 1 (April 1899): 133-6.

• C. A. Stephens. “When The Youth’s Companion was Young,” in Stories of My Home Folks. Boston: Perry Mason Company, 1926.

• Goldie Platner Merrill. “The Development of American Secular Juvenile Magazines: A Study of the Educational Significance of Their Content.” PhD diss. University of Washington, 1938.

• Frank Luther Mott. “Youth’s Companion,” in A History of American Magazines: vol 2, 1850-1865. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1938. pp. 262-274.

• Eleanor Weakley Nolen. “Nineteenth Century Children’s Magazines.” The Horn Book Magazine. 15 (January/February 1939): 55-60.

• Mabel F. Altstetter. “Early American Magazines for Children.” Peabody Journal of Education 19 (Nov 1941); p. 133-134.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 62-74.

• R. Gordon Kelly. Mother was a Lady. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974.

• Rex Burns. Success in America: The Yeoman Dream and the Industrial Evolution. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1976; pp. 51-87.

• Jill Delano Sweiger. “Conceptions of Children in American Juvenile Periodicals: 1830-1870.” PhD diss. Rutgers University, 1977.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• Gillian Avery. Behold the Child: American Children and Their Books, 1621-1922. Baltimore, MD; Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994; pp. 82-83.

• Katherine C. Grier. “Childhood Socialization and Companion Animals: United States, 1820-1870.” Society and Animals 7 (1999): 95-120.

• Lorinda Cohoon. “Festive Citizenships: Independence Celebrations in New England Children’s Periodicals and Series Books.” Children’s Literature Association Quarterly 31 (Summer 2006): 132-153.

• Lorinda B. Cohoon. “Educating Boys for American Citizenship: Jacob Abbott’s Contributions to the Youth’s Companion,” in Serialized Citizenships: Periodicals, Books, and American Boys, 1840-1911. Lanham, MD: The Scarecrow Press, 2006; pp. 1-29.

The Child’s Magazine ; July 1827-1844

cover/masthead: July 1827

published: New York, NY: Bangs & Emory, for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1827.

• New York, NY: T. Mason & G. Lane, for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1837.

• New York, NY: G. Lane & P. P. Sandford, for the Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 1842.

• New York, NY: Lane & Tippett, 1848; printed by Joseph Longking.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/year

description: 16 pp.; page size, 5.25″ h x 3.5″ w. • Price, 1827: 8 or more copies, 25¢/ year

• Religious focus: Methodist Episcopal

relevant information:

•Volumes were reprinted several times, with date of reprint on the title page. Reprints were not necessarily reproductions of the original printing: a reprint of vol 1 (1827-1828) dated 1837 has a different font size and different pagination from the original.

relevant quotes:

• Prospectus: “It is intended to embrace in this little work short practical essays, anecdotes, narratives, accounts of the conversion and happy deaths of children, facts illustrative of the conduct of Providence, sketches of natural history, poetry, &c. The constant aim in conducting this little work, will be to lead the infant mind to the knowledge of God our Saviour. … The plan of this work will not at all interfere with the Youth’s Instructer and Guardian; nor is it intended, in any case, to supersede it; being designed, as its title intimates, for younger children.” [1 (July 1827): inside front cover; cover p. 2]

• One editor contrasted the Magazine with the reading material that children could have enjoyed: “If parents, instead of permitting their children to waste their little funds upon idle fable, the melodies of Mother Goose, and other trash of the same cast, would provide for them reading so well adapted to give a proper direction to their thoughts and feelings, as that contained in works of a character similar to this little Tract, they would be pursuing a wiser and in the end more satisfactory course.” [Notice. New-Bedford Mercury]

• The editors felt accountable to a higher authority: “Dear little Readers,—The editors of this Magazine are personally unknown to you, and perhaps in this world we may never see your faces. Yet we feel thankful to God, that through the medium of the press we can meet you once a month, and converse with you about those things which relate to your peace and happiness here, and to your everlasting joy and felicity hereafter. And while we bless God for this great and precious privilege, let us remember that we shall one day appear before him—the editors to give an account for every word which they put into this book, and you for the manner in which you read, and the improvement you make.” [“Introductory Address.” 1 (July 1827): 1]

relevant information: In 1849, an advertisement for bound volumes implies that the Magazine is no longer being published.

continued by: The Encourager (Dec 1844-1847?)

source of information: 1827 issue; 1848 bound volume; OCLC; AAS catalog; Batsel

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “Child’s Magazine.” Christian Advocate and Journal 1 (26 May 1827): 150.

• “Child’s Magazine.” Christian Advocate and Journal 1 (2 June 1827): 154-155.

• “Child’s Magazine Again.” Christian Advocate and Journal 1 (20 July 1827): 182.

• Notice. New-Bedford Mercury [New Bedford, Massachusetts] 21 (20 July 1827): 1.

• Contents of Aug issue. Zion’s Herald 5 (8 Aug 1827): 127.

• Lewis Garrett. Letter. Christian Advocate and Journal 2 (5 Oct 1827): 19.

• “The Sunday School Union of the Methodist Episcopal Church.” Christian Watchman 9 (25 July 1828): 119.

• “The Child’s Magazine.” Christian Advocate and Journal and Zion’s Herald 3 (28 Nov 1828): 51.

• “Child’s Magazine.” Christian Advocate and Journal and Zion’s Herald 3 (3 April 1829): 122.

• Contents for Sept 1831. Christian Advocate and Journal and Zion’s Herald 6 (30 Sept 1831): 19.

• Contents for May and June 1832. Christian Advocate and Journal and Zion’s Herald 6 (20 April 1832): 135.

• Prices of publications. Christian Advocate and Journal 8 (3 Jan 1834): 75.

• Advertisement of bound volumes. Christian Advocate and Journal 24 (30 Aug 1849): 140.

• “Introduction.” The Youth’s Monitor 1 (Jan? 1851): p. 5-6.

• Mabel F. Altstetter. “Early American Magazines for Children.” Peabody Journal of Education 19 (Nov 1941): 132.

Juvenile Gazette ; 24 Nov 1827-15 Nov 1828

cover/masthead: 1827-1828

edited by: Oliver Kendall, jr

published: Providence, RI: Oliver Kendall, jr, 1827. Providence, RI: H. H. Brown, 1828.

frequency: 24 Nov 1827-10 May 1828, weekly. “Printed every Saturday” (1 Dec 1827)

description: 24 Nov 1827-10 May 1828: 4 pp.; page size, 4″ h x 2 5/8″ w; “Those who wish to take this paper can leave there [sic] names at O. Kendall’s Book Store, 2 Market Sq.” [24 Nov 1827; p. 3]

• Price, 24 Nov 1827-2 Feb 1828: 2¢/month, “payable in advance” (1 Dec 1827). Price, 9 Feb 1828-10 May 1828: 25¢/year, “payable quarterly in advance.”

relevant information: Several periodicals reprinted pieces from the Gazette; “Resignation Enforced By a Child” (Youth’s Companion 9 Nov 1827); a temperance anecdote (Portsmouth Journal [Portsmouth, New Hampshire] 8 March 1828).

relevant quotes:

• In 1828, the size of the paper appears to have amused other editors: one described it as being “a sheet about six inches square.” [“Juvenile Miscellanies”]; the New York Enquirer called it “very decidedly the smallest newspaper in the world.” [in Portsmouth Journal 3 May 1828]

continues: O. Kendall, sr, had published the Juvenile Gazette ; Nov 1819-Jan 1820?

source of information: 24 Nov 1827-10 May 1828 vol; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 2

excerpts online

bibliography:

• “Juvenile Gazette.” Providence Patriot and Columbian Phenix [Providence, Rhode Island] 2 May 1827; p. 2.

• “Another Newspaper.” The Portsmouth Journal [Portsmouth, New Hampshire] 3 May 1828; p. 2. Also Daily Georgian [Savannah, Georgia] 5 May 1828; p. 2. Also Gazette of Maine [Portland, Maine] 6 May 1828; p. 2.

• Notice. Vermont Gazette 20 May 1828; p. 1. Also Essex Gazette [Haverhill, Massachusetts] 24 May 1828; p. 3.

• “A little young Newspaper.” Cincinnati Chronicle and Literary Gazette [Cincinnati, Ohio] 31 May 1828; p. 3.

• Notice. American Traveller [Boston, Massachusetts] 19 Aug 1828; p. 2.

• “Juvenile Miscellanies.” The Ariel 2 (20 Sept 1828): 84.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; 75-76.

• Gillian Avery. Behold the Child: American Children and Their Books, 1621-1922. Baltimore, MD; Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994; p. 81.

Youth’s Journal ; 1828-?

edited by: Asa Lyman

published: New York, NY: Asa Lyman.

frequency: weekly

relevant information: One piece from the Journal was reprinted in the Western Luminary (4 [16 April 1828]: 329).

relevant quote: At least one reader was more amused than impressed by the material in the Journal; sardonically discussing a story in the Journal that details the divine punishment of “infidels” who parodied the ritual of communion, “V.” took the story with more than a grain of salt: “Now I call upon the reverend gentleman [the editor] to substantiate this story: I call upon him for names and dates: if the story be true, it would seem to be a most pointed manifestation of divine wrath, and might carry conviction to a thousand bosoms, and no considerations, worldly or personal, should be permitted to weigh for a moment against the importance of establishing its authenticity. If the relatives of the deceased mockers are pious people, they should endeavor, rather to spread than conceal so remarkable a judgment. And if they are not pious people, then certainly they and their feelings are entitled to no respect or forbearance, on the part of those who are. So great is this Rev. editor’s love of the marvellous, that there is absolutely no computing the wonders and miracles recorded in his ‘pious and talented little paper.’ ” [V. “Communications.” The Free Enquirer 1 (18 March 1829): 164]

source of information: OCLC

bibliography:

• Senex. “From the Youth’s Journal.” Western Luminary 4 (16 April 1828): 329.

• V. “Communications.” The Free Enquirer 1 (18 March 1829): 164.

The Scholar’s Quarterly Journal ; Feb-Nov 1828 • The Scholar’s Journal ; 15 Jan 1829-15 Nov 1829

edited by: Emerson Davis, “preceptor of Westfield Academy”

published: Westfield, MA: Emerson Davis; printed by press of the Westfield Register

frequency: vol 1: quarterly

description: Vol 1 is Feb-Nov 1828: title: The Scholar’s Quarterly Journal; 4 issues; page size, 8.5″ h

• Vol 2 is 15 Jan-15 Nov 1829: title: The Scholar’s Journal; 8 issues; page size, 8.5″ h

relevant quote: The first issue was published before April 1828: “Mr. Emerson Davis, Preceptor of Westfield Academy, Mass., has issued the first number of a periodical …. The design is to cultivate and gratify a taste for the Sciences, and to excite a spirit of inquiry concerning them.” [“Scholar’s Quarterly Journal”]

source of information: NUC; OCLC; “Scholar’s Quarterly Journal”

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “Scholar’s Quarterly Journal.” Christian Spectator 2 (1 April 1828): 217.

The Hive ; 27 Sept 1828-20 Sept 1830

cover/masthead: 1829-1830

published: Salem, MA: W. & S. B. Ives, 18 March-9 Sept 1829; Ives at #6 Old Paved St. • Salem, MA: W. & S. B. Ives, 12 Sept 1829-20 Sept 1830; Ives at Old Paves St.

frequency: weekly; 1 vol/ year.

description: 1828-9 Sept 1829: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 6″ h x 4″ w; price, 30¢/ year, “in advance.” [18 March 1829; p. 104] Agents: E. Gunnison (Danvers); John Gilley (Marblehead); John Ireson (Lynn); Benjamin H. Ives (Boston)

• 12 Sept 1829-20 Sept 1830: 4 pp.; page size, 9″ h x 5.25″ w; price, 30¢/ year, “in advance.” [3 Oct 1829; p. 5]

relevant information:

• Writing in 1856, Gilbert Streeter has the first issue published on 21 Sept 1828.

• The first issues were published on Saturday; Streeter says that with issue #6 publication moved to Wednesday.

relevant quotes:

• The Hive may be a periodical mentioned in a notice of the Juvenile Gazette: “A Juvenile Gazette is published in Providence, R. I. about 3 by 5 inches in extent, and we understand an infant production of the same size, and on the same plan, is to be issued in Salem, Mass.” [American Traveller]

• Intended “to present to the juvenile reader a miniature copy of a newspaper …. The selections … will be strictly confined to those articles, which combine instruction with innocent amusement.” [in Lyon; p. 82]

• The 12 Sept 1829 issue was a specimen of the new format: “It will be seen that we have enlarged the Hive to more than double its former size, and have put it at the low price of 50 cents per annum, payable on the delivery of the next number. It is intended to give it a more miscellaneous character than the last volume, so that it may suit the tastes and wants of readers in general. The present Number is published as a specimen, and if the encouragement shall warrant we will commence its regular publication on the 3d of October next. Those who wish to subscribe will please leave their names at the Book-Store of W. & S. B. Ives, Old Paved street.” (12 Sept 1829; p. 4)

• On the last issue: “This number closes the 2d volume of the Hive—and its publication will cease from this time.—Those of our subscribers who have preserved their No’s can have them bound for 25 cents, and be furnished with a Title Page, by leaving them at the Bookstore of W. & S. B. Ives.” [20 Sept 1830; p. 207]

source of information: 18 March-9 Sept 1829, scattered issues; 12 Sept 1829-20 Sept 1830 vol; Lyon

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• Possible notice. American Traveller [Boston, Massachusetts] 19 Aug 1828; p. 2.

• Gilbert Streeter. An Account of the Newspapers and Other Periodicals Published in Salem, from 1768 to 1856. Salem, MA: Wm. Ives and Geo. W. Pease, 1856; p. 25. [archive.org]

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 82-83.

The Juvenile Repertory ; Sept 1828-Jan 1829?

edited by: Pardon Davis

published: Philadelphia, PA: Pardon Davis.

frequency: monthly

description: Jan 1829 is issue #5

source of information: OCLC; AAS catalog; Lyon

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; 77-80.

The Sabbath School Messenger, and Children’s Friend ; Oct 1828-Sept 1829?

cover/masthead: 1829

published: Albany, NY: Lewis G. Hoffman. 1829: “Printed at the Office of the Christian Register, for the Central Union, and sold at their Depository, 404, N. Market-street.” [1 (May 1829): back cover]

frequency: monthly

description: 16 pp.; page size untrimmed, 5.25″ h x 3.5″ w. Prices: 3¢/ month; 1-5 copies, 37.5¢/ year; 5-20 copies, 31.25¢/ year; over 20 copies, 25¢/ year

• Religious focus

relevant information: The title may have incorporated that of the Children’s Friend (Jan 1826-1827?), also published in Albany.

relevant quote: Money problems may have halted the Messenger: “At the close of this last No. of the 1st vol. of the Sabbath School Messenger, we would give notice, that a considerable amount of money has been borrowed for defraying the expences of this publication: For the payment of this loan, we are depending upon the several sums due on our subscription list. It is therefore particularly requested that all monies due from subscribers be paid or forwarded, so soon as practicable, to D. McKercher at the Depository of the Central S. S. Union, No. 323 North Market street Albany. Any persons who may wish to become subscribers, and all who desire to increase or diminish their number of copies, are requested to give immediate notice of their intentions, that definite arrangements may be made for the ensuing year, addressing ‘The editor of the Sabbath School Messenger, Albany.’ ” [“To Subscribers.” 1 (Sept 1829): 188.] No issues after Sept 1829 have been located.

probably continued by: The Sabbath School Messenger, and Children’s Friend (1 May 1831-1832?)

source of information: May 1829 issue; AASHistPer; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “New Publications.” Boston Recorder [Boston, Massachusetts] 13 (31 Oct 1828): 175.

The Children’s Magazine ; Jan 1829-1874

cover/masthead: 1831 | 1857

edited by: W. R. Whittingham, 1838

• Anthony Ten Broeck, 1844-1845

• Rev. Spencer, until Jan 1857

• Rev. A. B. Hart, 1857-1862

published: New York, NY: General Protestant Episcopal Sunday School Union, 1829-1874. New York, NY: E. P. Dutton & Co., 1869-1872. 1837, publisher at 28 Ann st.; 1845, publisher at 20 John st.; 1861, 1869, publisher at 762 Broadway

• Printed at the Protestant Episcopal Press, 46 Lumber St., 1831

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/ year

description: 24 pp.; page size: 6″ h x 3.75″ w

• Prices, 1829, 1831-1850: 1 copy, 25¢/ year; 50 copies, $10/ year. 1857, 1861: 25¢/ year; subscription must be for at least 4 copies per address. 1869-1872: 50¢

• Circulation, 1872, abt 10,000

relevant quotes:

• “This magazine … is to you like the talent in the parable. God has given it to you to do you good, and you will have to answer to him for the way in which you use it. If you read it merely out of curiosity, and forget all it teaches as soon as you have done, or only remember what is meant to make its teaching pleasant to you, and cannot of itself do you any good;—then you will waste your talent. You will make what might have done you good, the means of bringing you into greater sin.” [1 (Jan 1829): 3-4]

• The Jan 1857 issue was destroyed by fire and had to be redone: “In consequence of the very destructive fire at our printer’s, on Christmas-Eve, the January number of the Magazine was entirely destroyed. This must serve as apology for delay, since new matter had to be prepared, and the Magazine got out as speedily as possible.” [“Note.” 39 (Jan 1857): 48.]

source of information: 1829, 1831-1862, scattered issues & bound volumes; AAS catalog; Kelly; Longworth’s ; Doggett’s ; Kenny; Rowell

available: AASHistPer, series 3, 4, 5

bibliography:

Longworth’s American Almanac, New-York Register, and City Directory. NY: Thomas Longworth, 1837; p. 706. [google books]

Doggett’s New-York City Directory for 1845 & 1846, 4th ed. NY: John Doggett, Jr., 1845; p. 429. [google books]

• Daniel J. Kenny, comp. The American Newspaper Directory. NY: Watson & Co., 1861; p. 49. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1869; p. 76. [archive.org]

The Men Who Advertise. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1870; p. 705. [google books]

Geo. P. Rowell & Co.’s American Newspaper Directory. NY: Geo. P. Rowell & Co., 1872; p. 125. [archive.org]

• Eleanor Weakley Nolen. “Nineteenth Century Children’s Magazines.” The Horn Book Magazine. 15 (January/February 1939): 55-60.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

The Infants’ Magazine ; Jan 1829-1842

edited by: Paul Beck

published: Philadelphia, PA: American Sunday School Union

frequency: monthly; 2 vol/ year

description: 16 pp.; page size, 4.25″ h x 2.5″ w; price, ½¢/ issue; 18¢/ year

• Religious focus

source of information: July-Dec 1830 vol; July-Dec 1832 vol; AAS catalog; OCLC; Kelly

available: AASHistPer, series 2 & 3

bibliography:

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

Youth’s Herald and Sabbath School Magazine ; Jan 1829-Dec 1830

published: Middlebury, VT: Vermont Sunday School Union, Jan 1829-Dec 1830; issue described in NUC was printed by Ovid Miner

• In OCLC: Rutland, VT: Vermont Sunday School Union, Jan 1829-Dec 1830.

frequency: monthly

description: 16 pp.?; page size, 11″ h

source of information: AAS catalog; OCLC; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 2

The Sabbath School Visitant and Juvenile Magazine (also Western Sabbath School Visitant, and Juvenile Magazine) ; 10 Jan-31 Dec 1829

published: Utica, NY: by G. S. Wilson for the Western Sunday School Union.

frequency: semimonthly

description: 16 pp.?; page size, 7″ h • #1 dated 1828

• Circulation: about 1000

• Religious focus

relevant quote: On the closing of the magazine: “It was the oldest Sabbath School periodical in the country; and although its subscription list never exceeded a thousand, (a number quite insufficient for its support), it has been kept up till the present time, by the continued and active efforts of the Society. The closing article says—‘The Visitant is not discontinued for the want of patronage although it never was a source of pecuniary profit. The ill health of the editor is one reason; and the other is a conviction that greater good can be done by circulating the publications of the Parent Society, and by making the religious newspapers of this town the organ of communication with our auxiliaries.’ ” [“Sabbath School Visitant.” Western Recorder 7 (19 Jan 1830): 10]

continues: Sabbath School Visitant (June 1824-Feb 1826); The Juvenile Magazine (27 Jan 1827-Dec 1828)

continued by: American Sunday School Magazine (for adults)

source of information: NUC; notices (below)

bibliography:

• “Sabbath School Visitant.” Western Recorder 7 (19 Jan 1830): 10.

• “American Sunday School Magazine.” Western Recorder 7 (26 Jan 1830): 14.

Youth’s Miscellany ; Jan 1830-1839?

published: Utica, NY: D. Bennett & Co., 1830. Utica, NY: Bennett & Bright, 1831-1839?

frequency: monthly

description: 1830-1831: 16 pp. • Price: 1830, 26¢/ year; 1831, 25¢/ year

relevant information: References mentioning the Miscellany have it published only in 1834. While advertisements in 1830 and 1831 hint that the Miscellany didn’t bring in even enough money to defray expenses, it appears in lists of current New York periodicals until 1839.

relevant quotes:

• On the first issue: “We have been quite pleased with the perusal of the January number, and think it may prove to be a useful little work. One or two of the articles were not particularly adapted to the young; but others were written with peculiar interest.” [“Youth’s Miscellany.” Western Recorder 7 (16 Feb 1830): 2.]

• The Miscellany wasn’t lucrative. At the end of 1830, the editor gave a detailed description of future plans in hopes of winning more subscribers: “The Editor of the Miscellany is induced to issue the … Proposals, from the fact, that the first volume, which is now closed, has not defrayed the expenses of paper and printing, and he hopes, by this means, to be enabled to continue the work. … Two hundred more subscribers will be necessary to warrant the commencement of another volume. Those who wish to take it, will please to forward their names and residence by the 1st of January next; and those who have taken it, and wish it no longer, are requested to notify us to that effect prior to that time. … The first number of Vol. 2, will be published about the middle of January next, should the subscription list warrant it. If it is not published about that time, the undertaking will be abandoned.“ [Advertisement. Western Recorder 7 (14 Dec 1830): 199.]

• The editor promised much for 1831: “This work will contain intelligence from Sunday Schools, and their progress generally: Illustrations of Scripture: select Biographies: Historical Facts; and Moral and Religious essays; together with any other interesting matter, which will improve the youthful mind, and mend the heart.” [Advertisement. Western Recorder 7 (14 Dec 1830): 199.]

• The magazine was no more lucrative in 1831than it was in 1830: “The patronage, it is stated, is insufficient to meet the expenses of publication; but if the efforts made to increase its subscription list are successful by the 5th of January, it will be continued another year. We hope this little work may be supported. Twenty-five cents a year is all that is charged; and though coming from a baptist establishment, we can assure our readers that it is fit for presbyterian children.” [“The Youth’s Miscellany.” Western Recorder 8 (20 Dec 1831): 203.]

source of information: Western Recorder ; Williams ; Jeffersonian ; North

bibliography:

• “Youth’s Miscellany.” Western Recorder 7 (16 Feb 1830): 2.

• Advertisement. Western Recorder 7 (14 Dec 1830): 199.

• “The Youth’s Miscellany.” Western Recorder 8 (20 Dec 1831): 203.

• Edwin Williams. The New-York Annual Register for 1834. NY: Edwin Williams, 1834; p. 126.

• “Sabbath School Anniversary.” Youth’s Companion 8 (27 Sept 1834): p. 74-75. [reprinted from the Miscellany]

• Edwin Williams. The New-York Annual Register for 1835. NY: Edwin Williams, 1835; p. 126.

• Edwin Williams. The New-York Annual Register for 1836. NY: Edwin Williams, 1836; p. 143.

• “List of Newspapers and Periodicals, Published in the State of New-York, Jan. 1, 1839.” (corrected list) The Jeffersonian [Albany, NY] 1 (2 Feb 1839): 407-408. [google books]

• S. N. D. North. History and Present Condition of the Newspaper and Periodical Press Np: np, 1881; p. 399.

The Parent’s Gift, or Youth’s Magazine ; Jan 1830-after August 1832

cover/masthead: July 1832 | August 1832

published: Philadelphia, PA: I. M. Allen; for the Baptist General Tract Society.

frequency: monthly; 1 vol/year

description: 1830: 12 pp.; page size, 6.75″ h x 4″ w

• Vol 3 #7 is July 1832 issues.

relevant quote:

• Introduction: “Dear Children, Should your parents present this Magazine to you as a monthly gift, we hope you will read it with care, and remember the truths it may contain. We feel desirous that you should have religious instruction suited to your age and capacity, and have therefore taken pains to prepare this work for your use.” [1 (Jan 1830): 1]

• The editor died suddenly in 1830: “The selections for this Number [Aug 1830] of the Parent’s Gift were among the last labours of the late Editor. … [W]hen the Editor selected this article he was in his usual health, and had before him the prospect of a long and useful life ….” [“To the Youthful Readers of This Magazine.” 1 (Aug 1830): 95]

source of information: 1830 bound vol; Matthews; AAS catalog

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• Harriet L. Matthews. “Children’s Magazines.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 1 (April 1899): 133-6.

The Juvenile Reformer and Sabbath School Instructor ; May 1830-1836 • Journal of Reform ; 25 May 1836-17 May 1837

edited by: William C. Cutter, 1831-1832 • Daniel C. Colesworthy, 1833-1837?

published: Portland, ME: Daniel C. Colesworthy, Philip Greely, & William W. Woodbury; publisher at Middle Street.

frequency: 25 May 1836-17 May 1837, weekly

description: The format changed in 1833: “The ‘Sabbath School Instructor,’ from Portland, Maine, has appeared in a new and improved form, and is graced by communications from Mrs. Sigourney.” (Rose Bud)

• 25 May 1836-17 May 1837: page size, 13.75″ h

• Religious focus

relevant quote: The Instructor was intended to provide a monetary boost for the Maine Sabbath School Union: “It is stated that ‘Neither the editor nor any of the contributors will receive any compensation for their time or labor. The whole proceeds, should there be any, after paying the printer, will go into the Treasury of the Maine Sabbath School Union.’ ” [“Sabbath School Instructor.” New York Evangelist]

absorbed by: the Portland Transcript [Richardson]

source of information: Duyckinck; Matthews; OCLC; “Sabbath School”; obituary

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “Sabbath School Instructor.” New York Evangelist 2 (18 June 1831): 255.

• “Sabbath School Instructor.” Western Recorder 8 (21 June 1831): 99.

• “Items for Youth.” Rose Bud. 1 (15 June 1833): 167. online

• “Journal of Reform—Portland.” Liberator 7 (19 May 1837): 83.

• H. W. Richardson. “The Press of Cumberland County.” In History of the Press of Maine, ed. Joseph Griffin. Brunswick: 1872; p. 66. [archive.org]

• Evert A. and George L. Duyckinck. Cyclopaedia of American Literature. Np: np, 1875; vol 2: 850.

• obituary of Daniel Clement Colesworthy. The New-England Historical and Genealogical Register 49 (July 1893): 387.

• Harriet L. Matthews. “Children’s Magazines.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 1 (April 1899): 133-6.

The Juvenile Repository ; Jan-27 March 1830

published: Providence, RI: Samuel S. Wilson

frequency: biweekly

description: Page size, 11″ h: “it is a small half sheet in the quarto form” [Notice]

• price, 50¢/ year

• 27 March 1830 is vol 1 #7

relevant information: Perhaps written by students: “The principal object of the Repository, is the improvement of young writers in composition”. [Notice]

source of information: AAS catalog; Rural Repository

bibliography:

• Notice. The Rural Repository 6 (13 March 1830): 167.

Youth’s Magazine; or, Spirit of the Juvenile Miscellany ; Jan-Dec 1830

published: AAS: Boston, MA: Putnam & Hunt.

• NUC: Boston, MA: Freeman Hunt.

frequency: monthly

description: Page size, 5.75″ h

source of information: AAS catalog; NUC

available: AASHistPer, series 2

Classical Journal and Scholar’s Review (also, The Classical Journal and Scholars’ Album) ; 10 Jan 1830-Dec 1831 • Juvenile Rambler ; 4 Jan-18 Jan 1832, 1 Feb 1832-26 Dec 1833

cover/masthead: 4 Jan 1832 | 11 Jan-26 Dec 1832

edited by: John P. Lathrop, 1830-1831

• William A. Alcott, 1832-1833

published: Boston, MA: Putnam & Hunt, Jan-Feb 1830.

• Boston, MA: Wait, Greene & Co. & J. W. J. Niles, March-Dec 1830; at 13 Court St.

• Boston, MA: John Allen, 4 Jan 1832. “Third edition” by Allen & Goddard. Printed Hiram Tupper, at 19 Water St.

• Boston, MA: Allen & Goddard, 11-18 Jan 1832; publisher at 11 School St. Printed Hiram Tupper, at 19 Water St.

• Boston, MA: John Allen, 8 Feb-18 July 1832; publisher at 11 School St. Printed Hiram Tupper; 8 Feb-7 March, Tupper at 19 Water St.; 14 March-8 Aug, Tupper at 127 Washington St.

• Boston, MA: Allen & Ticknor, 25 July 1832-June 1833. Printed 25 July-8 Aug 1832, Hiram Tupper, at 127 Washington St. Printed 22 Aug- 1832, 26 Sept 1832, Kane & Co., at 127 Washington St. Printed 3 Oct-19 Dec 1832, Isaac R. Butts, in School St.

• Boston, MA: Brown & Pierce, and Ford & Damrell, 1 July-26 Dec 1833.

frequency: 1830-1831 (as Review), monthly: 10th day; 1 vol/ year.

• 4 Jan-18 Jan 1832, 1 Feb 1832-26 Dec 1833 (as Rambler), weekly: Wednesday

description: Issue #1 in 4 versions. • 1830-1831: 24 pp.; duodecimo. Price, $1/ year.

• 4 Jan-18 Jan, 1 Feb 1832-19 Dec 1832, 2 Jan-26 Dec 1833: 4 pp.; quarto. 26 Dec 1832: 8 pp. Price, 2¢/ copy; $1/ year.

• 4-18 Jan, 1 Feb-26 Dec 1832: page size, 10.5″ h x 8.5″ w

relevant quotes:

• Proposal: “Classical Journal and Scholars’s Album.—This is the title of a proposed monthly, the prospectus of which has just been placed in our hands.—It is to be published by Messrs. Putnam & Hunt, on the tenth of each month, commencing in January, in numbers of 24 duodecimo pages each, at $1 a year. The design of the publication as announced, ‘is to present a medium through which the best compositions in the different schools, may be submitted to the public. It will also contain familiar essays on the sciences; intelligence relating to schools generally; and critical notices of elementary and other works in the department of juvenile literature.’ Mr. John P. Lathrop, its conductor, is at present engaged in the labors of instruction; and is said to be qualified, by talents, education and experience, to manage such a publication to the satisfaction of those who would be likely to patronise it.” [“Classical Journal and Scholars’s Album.” American Traveller 20 Nov 1829: 3]

• From the prospectus: “It will be an important part of the plan of the work, to present a medium through which the best compositions in the different schools, may be submitted to the public. It will also contain familiar essays on the sciences; intelligence relating to schools generally; and critical notices of elementary and other works in the department of juvenile literature.” [“Classical Journal.” Christian Register 9 (20 Feb 1830: 32]

• The Feb 1830 issue was late: “An apology is due to our subscribers for the late appearance of the present number of the Journal; but sickness and death, in the family of the editor, have prevented his devoting the time necessary to the preparation of the matter for the press. He hopes that he will not again have occasion to ask the indulgence of his friends for a similar delay. The third number will appear on the 20th insant, after which, the numbers will be issued at the time stated in the Prospectus.” [“To Subscribers.” Classical Journal 1 (Feb 1830): 48.]

• The “demise” of the Classical Journal and its replacement by the Rambler was explained humorously in the Rambler ’s “autobiography”; the Rambler claimed that its original masthead had come from its “older brother … whom they had very cruelly destroyed.” The editor explained further: “The truth is, his brother was a feeble child, not able to go alone even when he was two years old. The town refused to provide for him, and he was on the point of being turned into the streets to perish, when we provided a private room in the storehouse, where he now lies quietly, and only took his shoes and collar, to give to the ungrateful Rambler!” [“Adventures of the Juvenile Rambler.” 1 (1 Feb 1832): 13]

• When Alcott took over as editor in 1832, he was contributing to the American Annals of Education; the publisher of the Annals also published the first new issue of the periodical: “One of our correspondents in the present number, remarks on the advantages which would be derived from a newspaper devoted to schools, and used as a weekly reader. One publication of this kind has been attempted; but as far as we have seen its numbers, it seems to us to be very imperfectly adapted to the object. A gentleman of experience in teaching, who contemplated and proposed a work of this kind many years since, has prepared a specimen number just issued by the publishers of the Annals of Education. The character of this number, satisfies us, that we were not mistaken in believing the editor peculiarly qualified for the task; and we cannot but anticipate much good from his labors. In order to bring it if possible within the reach of all; the work is offered on terms so low, that the publishers cannot be remunerated, or the work continued, without a large subscription. We hope the attempt will succeed. (“School Newspaper”; p. 88)

• Introductory: “Among the multiplied periodicals of the day, scarcely one is adapted to the classes of our schools. Is it not surprising that an object so interesting has been so long overlooked? Schools are the nurseries of society. Their usefulness depends much on the habits and love of reading they produce. The love of reading would soon break up the haunts of folly and mischief, and operate powerfully upon the public opinion of children and youth. Low amusements, like darkness, will disappear before the light of knowledge. Thousands of teachers and tens of thousands of children appear to labor almost in vain, for want of some publication calculated to arrest the attention of the young, and to render a book delightful.” [“To Parents and Teachers.” 1 (4 Jan 1832): 1]

• The change of titles and format was explained in what may have been the Rambler ’s prospectus: “The publishers of the ‘Classical Journal and Scholars Review,’ found reason to believe, that a school newspaper on a plan long since formed by an experience teacher of youth, would be more generally useful, and more acceptable to their subscribers. They have therefore committed the work to his care, and it will hereafter be published under the name of the Juvenile Rambler—embracing a greater amount and variety of matter, at the same price—with the hope that a large subscription will defray its expenses. It will be published on Wednesday of each week; and will contain short and simple articles on a variety of subjects. 1. Sketches of History. 2. Geography, Voyages and Travels. 3. Articles on Natural History and Science. 4. Accounts of books for the young. 5. Parables, Fables, and Proverbs. 6. Biographical notices, especially of the young. 7. Poetical pieces and tales. 8. Summary of Intelligence—miscellaneous notices, anecdotes, &c.” [“Advertisement.” 1 (11 Jan 1832): 5]

• The Rambler told its own story in an early issue: “I was born, Jan. 2, 1832. Like every work of man, I was put together part by part—now one limb and then another—and last of all furnished with a head! … About this there was some difficulty. At least fifty were examined, before one was found which they thought would answer. … At length they put on one, and I began to breathe and to walk a little; but it made me appear so much like my neighbors, that they were afraid I should not be known. So they took it off, and put on that which you see now. But they were afraid that I should not live at first with only one head; and so they put on that of my elder brother (the Classical Journal) …. At length I was allowed to go abroad—and never did Rambler go farther or faster. In fact, although it is a secret, I did steal out a little with my first head, and before my limbs were fairly shaped, and I was pretty well received too ….” [“Adventures of the Juvenile Rambler.” 1 (1 Feb 1832): 13]

• After three issues, the publisher paused to take stock: “The next paper will not be issued until the first of February, in order to give time for ascertaining the number of Subscribers. Those who have received papers, are requested to give notice of the number they shall need as soon as possible, and forward the amount due, as it is not intended to print copies beyond the demand. As the experiment is a novel one, those who wish will now be permitted to subscribe for six months, in order to satisfy themselves of the nature and value of the publication.” [1 (18 Jan 1832): 9]

• The editor of the Rose Bud (1832-1839) was amused to find that a rival periodical so resembled hers: “Since commencing our little work, we have become acquainted with two periodicals of a design very similar to our own. … [One] work is entitled, The Juvenile Rambler, and is printed in Boston. We saw this paper for the first time last week, although it has reached the 37th number. It is remarkable that two persons entirely unconnected with each other should undertake plans so nearly alike, as the Rambler’s and our own. The Rambler, like the Rose Bud, is printed on a small quarto sheet, with three columns on a page, and is issued weekly. Its price is One Dollar per annum ….” [1 (13 Oct 1832): 26-27]

• The Rose Bud was amused also when the Rambler reprinted some of its work, as disclosed in a parody letter: “i am subskriber to a nice papur in Bostun called the Jewwenile Ramblurr, and it has had the dissernment October 2d to publish my fust letter to you …. wat i want of you is, to let the Charlestun folks kno about the extrac, in the Juwwenile Ramblurr, and then they will see i ant considurd so insignifekant, in Bostun as what i am in my native city, i guess them Bostun folks has some gumption.” [2 (19 Oct 1833): 31]

• The editor of the American Annals of Education was candid about the reason for the Rambler ’s demise: “We did all in our power to secure it such a character as we approved; but its price and subscription list did not authorise a sufficient amount of illustrations. The Parley Magazine, with its splendid illustrations, only needed a change in its character, and the Rambler has been united with it, to accomplish the great object more effectually.” (“Parley’s”; p. 100)

• The Southern Rose Bud eulogized its rival: “The able Editor of this little paper has transferred his talents to ‘Parley’s Magazine,’ which will lend that excellent work an additional value.” [“The Juvenile Rambler.” Southern Rose Bud. 2 (22 Feb 1834): 103]

• The editor of the Rambler was less enthusiastic a few years later: “We were employed by the philanthropic proprietor of the ‘Juvenile Rambler,’ to edit that paper for him about two years, till it was merged in Parley’s Magazine. Subsequently we edited Parley’s Magazine four years—we will not say with what success—we leave that to others. We will only say that had we sailed under the flag of a sect or party, and had other people been as willing as ourselves to ‘work for nothing and keep themselves,’ we have no doubt both works would have been better supported than they were; and we might have been willing longer to bear the burden of editing the latter.” [“Youth’s Penny Paper”; p. 336]

relevant information:

• Occasionally, a list of the contents of individual issues was reprinted elsewhere: “Juvenile Rambler.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (8 Aug 1833): 3. #38: “The Juvenile Rambler, No. 38.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (19 Sept 1833): 3. #39: “The Juvenile Rambler, No. 39.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (26 Sept 1833): 3. #42: “The Juvenile Rambler, No. 42.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (17 Oct 1833): 3. #43: “The Juvenile Rambler—No. 43.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (24 Oct 1833): 3. #46: “The Juvenile Rambler—No. 46.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (14 Nov 1833): 3. #47: “The Juvenile Rambler—No. 47.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (21 Nov 1833): 3. #49: “The Juvenile Rambler—No. 49.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (5 Dec 1833): 3. #50: “The Juvenile Rambler—No. 50.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (12 Dec 1833): 3.

absorbed by: Parley’s Magazine ; 1833-1844

available: AASHistPer, series 2 • excerpts online

source of information: 1832 volume; AASHistPer, series 2; Dechert; AAS catalog

bibliography:

• Notice. Boston Patriot and Mercantile Advertiser [Boston, MA] 18 Nov 1829; p. 2. Also, “New Monthly Magazine.” Christian Watchman 10 (20 Nov 1829); p. 186. Also “New Magazine.” Evening Post [New York, NY] 20 Nov 1829; p. 2.

• “Classical Journal and Scholars’s Album.” American Traveller [Boston, MA] 20 Nov 1829; p. 3.

• Review. Christian Watchman 11 (15 Jan 1830); p. 10.

• “Literary Notices.” Ladies’ Magazine and Literary Gazette 3 (1 Feb 1830); p. 95.

• “The Classical Journal, and Scholars’ Review.” Christian Register 9 (6 Feb 1830); p. 22.

• “Classical Journal.” Christian Register 9 (20 Feb 1830; p. 32.

• “School Newspaper.” American Annals of Education. 2 (Jan 1832); p. 88. online

• “Juvenile Rambler.” The Connecticut Mirror 14 Jan 1832; p. 3.

• Notice. Ladies’ Magazine 5 (Feb 1832); p. 92. online

• “Notices.” American Annals of Education 1 Feb 1832; p. 111.

• Review. The Juvenile Miscellany, 3rd series 2 (March/April 1832); p. 108. online

• “Juvenile Rambler, or Family and School Journal.” New York Farmer 5 (3 May 1832); p. 172.

• “Juvenile Paper.” The Rural Repository 9 (8 Sept 1832); 63.

• “Juvenile Periodicals.” Rose Bud. 1 (13 Oct 1832); pp. 26-27. online

• Notice. Christian Watchman. 14 (22 Feb 1833); p. 31. online

• “Items for Youth.” Rose Bud. 1 (15 June 1833); p. 167. online

• “Juvenile Rambler.” Spirit of the Age and Journal of Humanity 1 (8 Aug 1833); p. 3.

• Humorous piece. Southern Rose Bud. 2 (19 October 1833); p. 31. Ed. online

• “Parley’s Magazine.” American Annals of Education. 4 (Feb 1834); p. 100. online

• “The Juvenile Rambler.” Southern Rose Bud. 2 (22 Feb 1834); p. 103. online

• “School Libraries.” American Annals of Education 4 (May 1834); 215.

• “A Young Teacher.” American Annals of Education 4 (Oct 1834); p. 451.

• “The Youth’s Penny Paper.” American Annals of Education. 8 (July 1838); pp. 335-336. online

• Harriet L. Matthews. “Children’s Magazines.” Bulletin of Bibliography. 1 (April 1899); p. 133-6.

• Dorothy Dechert. “The Merry Family: A Study of Merry’s Museum, 1841-1872, and of the Various Periodicals that Merged with It.” Master’s thesis. Columbia University, 1942.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 88-93.

Expostulator, or Young Catholic’s Guide ; 31 March 1830-23 March 1831

cover/masthead: 1830-1831

published: Boston, MA: William Smith; office at 75 Kilby St.

frequency: weekly

description: 4 pp.; price, $1.50/ year; page size, 11″ h

• Religious focus: Catholic

relevant information: A piece from the Expostulator was reprinted in 1830: “Pride” [The Jesuit 1 (1 May 1830): 284]

relevant quotes:

• On the founding: “The following considerations have led the Editor to publish this little paper. He saw the great, pervading interest, which the Holy and Venerable, Catholic Church has already excited in the minds of his numerous, pious and patriotic fellow citizens, who are not of the ancient household of the faith, yet who are actuated by a laudable desire of ascertaining and walking in the way, the truth, and the life of salvation. He has with sorrow, felt that the Cooperation of the Wicked One have been, and still are, at their impious work, in order to seduce souls from the narrow way which leads to life …. He has painfully witnessed the uncharitable conduct, the interested calumnies, with which the Church established upon St. Peter’s faith, has been so strangely aspersed.” [“Address of the Editor.” 1 (31 March 1830): 3.]

• With the end of the paper, all issues were available for purchase: “The Patrons of the EXPOSTULATOR are informed that the present Number completes the Volume. No more will be issued after to-day. Persons desirous of having all the Numbers, from the beginning, for the purpose of having the same bound into a book form, can be supplied at this office.” [Notice. 2 (23 March 1831); p. 206.]

source of information: OCLC; AAS catalog; AASHistPer, series 2; “Prospectus”

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

• “Prospectus.” The Jesuit 1 (20 Feb 1830): 204.

• “Pride.” The Jesuit 1 (1 May 1830): 284.

The Juvenile Key ; 18 Sept 1830-9 March 1833 • Family Pioneer and Juvenile Key ; 17 March 1833-23 May 1837

cover/masthead: 1831

edited by: J. Griffin (as “Oliver Oldwise,” 1830)

published: Brunswick, ME: Joseph Griffen. Printed by Griffen’s children, Zerui’ah-Juan, Joseph Warren, & George Griffen.

frequency: weekly & biweekly: “Four pages of the Key are printed weekly for village subscribers and eight pages upon a single sheet once a fortnight to accommodate those who receive their papers by mail.” [“Terms.” Juvenile Key 1 (26 Feb 1831): 100.]

description: 1830: page size, height, 9 in. x width, 7 in.; 4 pp.; price, 75¢/year; 200 subscribers

• 1831: 4 pp.; page size untrimmed, 8.5″ h x 6.5″ w. price: 75¢/ year for weekly; $1/ year for biweekly

• 1833: 4 pp.; page size: height, 12 in. x width, 9 in.; price: $1/volume, payable in advance; 350 subscribers.

relevant information: The Key advocated for temperance and against slavery and the death penalty. [Richardson; p. 79]

relevant quotes:

• The Youth’s Companion reprinted pieces from the Key and couldn’t resist punning on the purported editor’s name: “The articles in the Companion of Dec. 8th entitled ‘Shooting one another,’ and ‘Temptation,’ were copied from the ‘Juvenile Key.’ This is a small miscellaneous paper, published at Brunswick, Me. by Z. J. and J. W. Griffin. It is about one third the size of the Companion, and is printed in quite a neat style. The enterprising printers are lads, sons of Mr. Griffin, a printer. The editor is ‘Oliver Oldwise.’ We should think Youngwise would be more appropriate. The paper contains useful articles, but is not intended to be of a religious character.” [“Correction.” The Youth’s Companion 4 (22 Dec 1830): 124]

• The Key was quite popular among readers in Maine: “The Key had so good a reputation among its patrons that no less than seventy copies were sent to our bindery to be bound. To this day we hear it frequently spoken of by its then young readers, now at mid-life, as having by its precepts and the example of its young publishers made a strong and favorable impression upon their minds. One case we will name. A boy in a neighboring town, who obtained his copy by services as our agent, often reminds us, that he owed much to the Key for his early habits of industry and economy. He is now worth his tens of thousands.” [Richardson; p. 77]

• At least one other editor admired the Key ’s young editors: “In a complimentary notice of the Key and its publishers, by B. B. Thatcher, Esq. then editor of the Mercantile Journal of Boston, he said, ‘such children would get a living upon a sand-bank!’ ” [Richardson; p. 77]

source of information: 1831 issue; Kelly; Richardson

available: AASHistPer, series 2

bibliography:

Boston Recorder. 15 (October 20, 1830): 166. online

• “Correction.” The Youth’s Companion 4 (22 Dec 1830): 124.

• “Juvenile Key.” Reformer 12 (Jan 1831): 16.

• H. W. Richardson. “The Press of Cumberland County.” In History of the Press of Maine, ed. Joseph Griffin. Brunswick: 1872; pp. 77-79. [archive.org]

• Clement F. Robinson, “The Juvenile Key.” The Fossil. April 1957: 254-258.

Children’s Periodicals of the United States, ed. R. Gordon Kelly. Westport, CT & London, England: Greenwood Press, 1984.

• Gillian Avery. Behold the Child: American Children and Their Books, 1621-1922. Baltimore, MD; Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994; p. 82.

Juvenile Magazine, and Youth’s Monthly Visiter ; Oct 1830, Feb 1831-after April 1832

edited by: Luther Pratt

published: New York, NY

• Printers: Oct 1830, J. B. Requa, 245 Spring St.; Feb 1831, April 1832: J. H. Turney, 133 East Broadway

frequency: erratic: vol 1 #1 is Oct 1830; vol 1 #2 is Feb 1831; vol 1 #10 is April 1832

description: 36 pp.; page size, 7.5″ h (untrimmed) x 4″ w (trimmed)

relevant quote: Introduction: “It will be the unremitting exertion of the editor, to render this little work a welcome Visiter both in schools, and its families; to excite in the rising generation, a laudable ambition in the acquirement of such qualifications as will render them useful members of society, enabling them to ‘act well their parts’ in such places as they shall be called to fill, whether in the church, in the affairs of state, or in the domestic circle; to inculcate every moral and social virtue, and above all, to inspire the tender mind with a due reverence and affection for the Supreme Being. To this end, he will endeavour, to the best of his abilities, to exhibit and illustrate to his youthful readers, in plain and simple language, the elementary, or first principles of Philosophy, Astronomy, and Geography. … Biographical sketches of celebrated characters, both ancient and modern, as well as such historical facts as will be most useful, shall occasionally be given; together with such moral and interesting tales, founded on fact, or probability, as will prove at once instructive and entertaining to youth of both sexes: but every thing of a legendary nature, will be carefully avoided. To draw the youthful genius into exercises of composition, its pages will always be open to such juvenile productions as shall be judged correct in sentiment, and readily inserted. … It cannot be expected that any one number will embrace all the subjects above mentioned, but they shall be attended to as occasion may require. Nor must it be expected that the work will be entirely original. The editor will occasionally avail himself of the talents and ingenuity of others; always, however, as far as practicable, giving credit to the authors from whom he shall borrow, or the publications from which he shall extract. This he thinks proper to mention, as there are many publications at the present day, whose authors, or compilers, pay so little regard to this act of justice, that it is very difficult to distinguish between the original and selected.” [1 (Oct 1830): 1-3]

source of information: Oct 1830, Feb 1831, April 1832 bound issues; NUC; OCLC; AAS catalog

Mentor and Youth’s Instructive Companion ; 15 Dec 1830-

edited by: S. Wild

published: New York, NY: S. Wild; publisher at 55 Nassau St.

frequency: semimonthly

description: 16 pp; octavo; price, $1/ year outside New York, NY; $1.25/ year in New York, NY; in New York City, it was delivered by carriers.

relevant quotes:

• The editor’s description: “We are not aware that there is any work at present published in the United States, of that character to which the Mentor aspires—a Magazine for youth, consisting almost wholly of original articles, written expressly for the work, and calculated at once to improve the heart, expand the mind, and amuse the fancy of the reader. As the only sure ground of goodness, it will be our constant aim to excite in the bosom of youth a feeling of love and reverence towards their Maker—and as connected and inseparable therefrom, of love towards their parents and all mankind. In endeavoring to develope the intellectual faculties of youth, it will be our great object to make our readers thinkers, by presenting them with matter likely to produce reflection—without which reading is useless, and knowledge to the mind what undigested food is to the body. To amuse the fancy of our readers, our pages will present a constant succession of original tales, sometimes serious, at others humorous, but in all cases conveying some useful lesson. Our poetical articles will be numerous, and such, we flatter ourselves, as may tend to form in the minds of our readers, a proper taste and correct judgment in literature as well as morals.” [Vermont Watchman]

• “We have just received the first No. of ‘The Mentor and Youth’s Instructive Companion,’ published in the city of New-York, by S. Wild Editor and proprietor. It is a neat publication on a medium sheet, containing 16 octavo pages. It is designed more immediately, as its title imports, for the instruction and amusement of youth. The first number displays a good share of judgment and taste in composition and choice of subjects. We wish the publisher success in his undertaking. Terms: published semi-monthly, at $1 per annum, in advance.” [“New Publications.” Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 2 (8 Jan 1831): 13]

• The Rural Repository was more verbose: “Judging from what little we have seenfrom the pen of Mr. Wild, we consider him eminently qualified for the pleasing, though arduous task he has undertaken …. For the Mentor is calculated not only to please the fancy, but to convey instruction to the mind of youth; and withal, as the number before us evinces, not only to win their attention for the moment, but to produce in their minds the salutary habit of reflecting upon what they read.”

source of information: notices below; Lyon; OCLC

bibliography:

• Notice. American Sentinel [Middletown, Connecticut] 22 Dec 1830; p. 3.

• Advertisement. Vermont Watchman and State Gazette [Montpelier, Vermont] 4 Jan 1831; p. 3.

• “New Publications.” Evangelical Magazine and Gospel Advocate 2 (8 Jan 1831); p. 13.

• Notice. Rural Repository 7 (29 Jan 1831); p. 143.

• Betty Longenecker Lyon. “A History of Children’s Secular Magazines Published in the United States from 1789-1899.” PhD diss. Johns Hopkins, 1942; pp. 84-87.

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