Dear Friend Robert Merry: Letters from nineteenth-century children

How to use this book

1840s: 184118421843184418451846184718481849

1850s: 1850185118521853185418551856185718581859

1860s: 1860186118621863186418651866186718681869

1870s: 187018711872

About the Merry Cousins


Index & gloss


The Cousins’ Greatest Hits

The Merry Cousins

Index to the Cousins: Correspondents are listed by signature. Entries read as follows:

Signature(s): Actual name (dates of letters printed in the Museum ; birth date ; death date) Parents (with birth and death dates) ; number of siblings. Marriage (with spouse’s birth and death dates) ; number of children. Biographical information, including number of pieces by subscriber appearing in the magazine.

Letters in this collection.

Mentions in letters written by others.

• Sources, including letters in the Chat

About the identifications: Unfortunately, many subscribers were identified only by initials or nicknames. Most identifications were made using the U. S. census for 1850 and 1860, which include personal information about individuals and families. This made it possible for me to identify those subscribers who mentioned siblings or parents’ professions.

However, I have been cautious in the identifications. As a result, subscribers living in small towns are more likely to have been identified than those living in larger cities. When identification is listed as being “probable” or as “perhaps,” the subscriber included enough information for a possible identification, but not enough that I was positive that I’d identified the subscriber; in those cases, I didn’t try to trace the subscriber through his or her life.

Names in italics do not have letters included in this collection.

ABBREVIATIONS: c = circa (usually determined from census records); co. = county

Page numbers in issues, 1841-1867:

year.1.1-32; January
year.1.33-64; February
year.1.65-96; March
year.1.97-128; April
year.1.129-160; May
year.1.161-192; June
year.2.1-32; July
year.2.33-64; August
year.2.65-96; September
year.2.97-128; October
year.2.129-160; November
year.2.161-192; December

†*† (1856-1858)


Mentioned, 1857.1.185-1861858.1.25

Reaction to letter, 1858.1.30-31

!—! (1856-1858)

Quoted, 1856.2.157 (note)

H. A.: Herbert Allen (1851; born c1842, Illinois) Son of Isaac C. (born c1815, New York) and Maria M. (born c1815, Massachusetts); eldest of three boys. In Illinois, Isaac was a farmer with real estate worth $6000 in 1850 and $12000 in 1860.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #129: 323.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #230: 465.

Jacob A. (1848, from Roxbury)


James A. (1842)


Jane A. (1850)


M. E. A. (1865, from Brooklyn)


P. Q. A. (1849, in Somerset, Pennsylvania); at least two brothers


A. S. H. Wolverine (1858, from Ann Arbor, Michigan)


Ada: probably Ada Josephine Pierce (1858-1863; born 1848, Michigan; died 1915); only daughter of Nathan H. (born c1820, New York; died before 1893) and Sophia M. (born 1828, New York; died 26 August 1893, Michigan); Edward H. (born c1855, Michigan) was her brother. Ada married 2 September 1867, Ann Arbor, Michigan, James Barnaby Saunders (born abt 1844, Massachusetts); seven children. Nathan was a merchant worth about $1100 in 1860. Ada lived in Washtenaw County, Michigan, most of her life. James was a printer. They were buried in Fairview Cemetery, in Ann Arbor. Authored an article in 1861.


• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #563: 623.

• Ann Arbor, Michigan. City Clerk’s Office. Marriage Records. vol 5: 5.

• Washtenaw County, Michigan. County Clerk. Birth records, 1867-1913. vol 1: 266; vol 2: 21, 145, 242; vol 3: 65 & 152; vol 4: 25.

• Edward H. Mohneke. “Cemetery Records, Fairview Cemetery, Ann Arbor, Michigan.”

Alba (1858, from Vicksburg, Mississippi)


Alice (1854, from Kalamazoo, Michigan)


Alick (1855-1857; born abt 1847); one of at least three children, two of them subscribers Blue-Eyed Minna and Memo. His real name was probably Edward. In 1862, he rode by horse 16 miles twice a week to study French and German. In 1864 he attended Yale University.


Mentioned, 1865.1.59b

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1862.1.91

Allan and Edward (1848; born c1848); twins


Catherine Josephine Allen (1855-1857; born 21 March 1840, Athens, Alabama; died 24 August 1902) Daughter of Horatio Gates (born c1792, Massachusetts; died 5 August 1863) and Elizabeth (born c1805, Georgia; died 9 May 1889); third of four children, three of them girls. Married first, W. H. Lewis (died 3 October 1895), with whom she had three girls and six boys, including a set of twins; second, Thomas J. Davis, with whom she had a daughter. Listed as a school teacher in the 1850 census, in 1851 Horatio bought 80 acres of land, adding approximately 280 acres more in 1853; by 1860 he was a planter owning 13 slaves. Catherine was buried in Cuba, Alabama.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #10: 1

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #15: 318-319; #31: 15

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #32: ED176, sheet 3, line 10

• Alabama. Probate Court (Marengo County, Alabama). Deeds, 1820-1901.

• W. C. Tharin, Tharin’s Marengo County Directory for 1860-61. Mobile, Alabama: Farrow & Dennett, 1861. (rep. Demopolis, Alabama: Marengo County Historical Society, 1973.)

• Thelma E. Hartman E-mail correspondence, 22 August 1999, 25 August 1999.

Alma: Alma Kohlheim (1852; born c1841, Mississippi) Daughter of John G. (born c1812, Georgia) and Ann (born c1816, Tennessee); her older brother was Charles Frederick, and her younger brother was Louis A. Married 10 June 1861, Pontotoc co., Mississippi, Charles S. Morton. In Fulton, John was a merchant worth at least $20,000 in 1850, making the Kohlheim family the wealthiest in town. In 1860, having moved the family to Birmingham, he owned real estate worth $51,200 and personal property of $78,750.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #215: 141

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #373: 438

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #590: 632

• “Fulton: 1850.” Itawamba Settlers. March 1984: 46.

• Pontotoc County, Mississippi. Marriage records, 1858-1867 (white); p. 194.

Almira (1849) Authored an article in 1848


Alonzo: Alonzo Church Whitner (1854-1858; born 29 April 1841, near Tallahassee, Florida; died 23 September 1888, Jacksonville, Florida) Son of Benjamin F. (born c1829, South Carolina) and Sarah J. (born c1820, Georgia); elder of two boys. Married 10 April 1872, Margaret Marvin (born 1852; died 27 November 1911); at least two boys. Benjamin was a planter: in 1850 he owned 18 slaves and real estate worth $2000; in 1860 he owned real estate worth $1200, though the 25 slaves he also owned made his personal property worth $15,000. Alonzo may have enlisted in Company C 8th Florida Infantry on 1 June 1862, but did not serve; instead he acted as chief clerk for his father in organizing records for the Confederacy before enlisting as a private in Company C 2nd Florida Cavalry. Beginning in 1863, he worked as a clerk in General Court Martial and was at least recommended to be Judge Advocate in the Military Court in Florida in 1864; in 1865 he was a prisoner of war paroled at Lake City, Florida. By 1870 Alonzo had become a lawyer with personal property worth $200. He died during a yellow fever epidemic.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #59: 115; reel #60: 796

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #108: 168; reel #110: 309

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #132

• M251. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Florida; reel #13

• David W. Hartman and David Coles. Biographical Rosters of Florida’s Confederate and Union Soldiers. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Publishing Co., 1995; vol 4: 1472

Old City Cemetery, Jacksonville, Florida, comp. Mary-Louise Howard. Jacksonville, Florida: Southern Genealogists’ Exchange Society, Inc., 1993; p. 137.

Amherstia (1851, from Fall River, Massachusetts)


Annette (1850, from Paris, France)


Annette (1860-1861, from Illinois)

Mentioned, 1860.2.89-90 (note)


1842.1.159-1601846.1.190-1921860.1.1551872.1.2441872.2.November cover

(from Iowa City) 1867.1.58

anonymous boy


Augusta (1859, from Painesville)


A. O. B. (1849, from Hingham)


Bella B.: probably Isabella Besley (1860-1864; born c1830, New York); married before 1849, Oliver (born c1810, New York); three boys and two girls. The Besleys apparently emigrated from New York to Wisconsin between 1852 and 1854.


• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1408: 735.

C. T. B. (1853, from Woodville, Mississippi)


E. O. B. (1843)


Franklin B.: Franklin Bostwick (1845; born c1830, New York) Son of William (born c1806, New York) and Ann E. (born c1810, New York); eldest of two boys and two girls. Married 5 March 1869, Maria Celeste Hayes, (born c1840, New Jersey); at least two boys and two girls. William was a judge. By age 20, Franklin had become a clerk. Franklin was a member of the Galena Agricultural Society, becoming its secretary in 1877. In 1880, he was a clerk in the Clerk’s office.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #111: 265

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #189: 432

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #234: 130

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #216: ED54, 6

• Jo Daviess County, Illinois. County Clerk. Births, marriages, deaths, 1830-1986; vol B: 224

Galena City Directory, 1855-56. Galena, Illinois: H. H. Houghton & Co., 1855; p. 57

The History of Jo Daviess County, Illinois. Chicago: H. F. Kett & Co., 1878; p. 426.

Henry B. (1845)


J. Y. B. (1850, from Frankfort, Kentucky)


Jane G. B. (1849, from Melrose)


John C. B. (1850, from Tuscarora, Iowa)


Kate B. (1850, from Chester, New York)


L. F. B. (1852)


L. H. B.: Louisa H. Branch (1852; born 29 June 1842, South Carolina; died 8 July 1872) Daughter of Isaac (born 18 December 1800, Benson, Vermont; died 1867/68) and Fanny (24 November 1807, Castleton, Vermont; died 28 November 1871, Abbeville, South Carolina); eighth of five girls and four boys, six of whom died as infants. Married R. Marshall Haddon (born 29 December 1847; died 26 August 1924) Her only brother was William Tully Branch (born 23 April 1845; died 6 November 1903). Isaac accompanied his brothers to South Carolina in 1822 and then studied medicine in Vermont before returning to South Carolina before 1831. In 1850, Isaac owned five slaves. Louisa also wrote to the Chat as “Lula.”


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #848: 46; reel #861: np.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1212: 41.

• “Abbeville County, South Carolina.” Np: WPA Statewide Historical Project #165-33-7099, 1937; pp. 49-50, 92.

• Lowry Ware. Old Abbeville. Columbia, South Carolina: SCMAR, 1992; pp. 2, 54, 191.

• Lois M. Tucker. E-mail correspondence, 31 January 2000.

M. T. B. (1844, from Lowell)


Mary L. B. (1850, from Tuscarora, Iowa)


William H. B. (1850, from Tuscarora, Iowa)


Willie Bacon (1855, from Woodbury, Connecticut)


Badger State (1856-1857, from Milwaukee)


Robert Thomas Barton, (1858; born 24 November 1842, Winchester, Virginia; died 1917, Winchester, Virginia) Son of David Walker (born c1803, Virginia) and Frances Lucy (born c1809, Virginia); sixth of nine children. Married first, 19 February 1868, Katharine K. Knight (born c1845, Maryland; died 11 June 1887); second, 10 June 1890, Gertrude W. Baker (born c1871, Virginia), with whom he had a boy and a girl. An attorney, David owned 16 slaves and was worth at least $55,000 in 1850; and owned 19 slaves and was worth $125,000 in 1860. Robert—five-foot-eight, grey-eyed, and brown-haired—was a student when he enlisted as a private in the Confederate army in March 1862; illness kept him from his unit until late that year, when he was detailed to the Nitre Bureau. Robert became an attorney in 1865. He wrote two major works on Virginia law and was president of the Virginia State Bar Association, as well as mayor of Winchester, Virginia.


• M382. Index to Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Virginia; reel #3.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #945: 310; reel #987: 13.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1347: 70-71; reel #1390: 157.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #1648: 193.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #1740: ED93, sheet 4, 95A.

• T624. 1910 United States Census; reel #1640: ED109, 10A.

National Cyclopedia of American Biography. New York: J. T. White, 1898; vol 7: 519.

Bella Bassett (1856-1857, from Charleston, Tennessee)


Reaction to, 56.2.26-7

Bay State (1855-1856)

1855.2.157-1581856.1.291856.1.189-190 (note)

Mentioned, 1856.1.189-190

W. H. Belden (1855, from New York, New York)


Jessie Bell (1864)


Mentioned, 1865.2.26

Mattie Bell (1858-1860): wrote one letter from Ohio. Starting in 1858, Mattie published around 20 poems in the Museum, 12 before 1859.

Mentioned, 1859.2.157

Bertina (1865-1866)


Ella S. Bierce (1858-1859, from Akron, Ohio)

1860.1.60-61 (note)

Black-Eyed Gertrude (1852, from Onondaga Valley)


Black-eyed Laura (1855-1858)

1856.1.189-190 and note • 1858.1.153d (note)

Mentioned, 1856.2.122a1857.2.155-1561859.1.93a

Blackeyed Sue (1849)


Mentioned, 1852.1.191b (note)

Black-Eyes; B.-E. (1857-1866); at least one brother. Her first name was Mary. Married before 1858; at least two daughters. Authored a piece published in the Museum in 1857.

1856.2.26-271857.2.154-155 (note) • 1858.1.56a1858.2.155-1561859.2.126-1271860.1.60-611860.2.591861.2.231861.2.119-1201861.2.155-1561862.1.26-27 (note) • 1862.1.187 (note) • 1863.2.155-1561866.1.62

Marital status, 1858.1.56a

Reaction to: 1858.1.56b1858.1.1231858.1.126a1858.1.153d1858.1.1541858.2.60-611859.2.60-61

Reaction to reactions: 1859.1.189-190

Reaction of Black-Eyes to reactions, 1859.2.126-1271860.1.60-61

Reaction to letter, 1862.1.58

Mentioned, 1860.1.123a1860.1.186-1871862.1.26-27

Blue-Eyed Josie (1857, from Franklin, Connecticut); at least one brother. She may have been a niece of John N. Stearns; Flora P. S. was Josie’s cousin


Blue-Eyed Lora (1860, 1865)

Quoted, 1860.2.58 (note)

Blue-Eyed Mary of Ohio (1851, from Marietta, Ohio)


Blue-Eyed Minna (1855-1860); one of at least three children, two of them subscribers Alick and Memo. In 1864 she taught music. She wrote one letter to the Museum as “Madge.” Authored 10 pieces between 1855 and 1860.

As Minna: 1855.1.87-88

As Blue-eyed Minna: 1855.2.29a

As Blue-Eyed Minnie: 1858.1.186-1871860.1.61

As Madge, 1862.1.153b (note)

Mentioned, 1865.1.59b

Blue-Eyed Minnie (1852, from Magnolia Falls, Louisiana)


Blue-eyes (1860-1864): from Batavia, New York

1862.1.155a (note)

Bob O’Link (1863-1867) He was in a New York regiment during the War, near Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, in 1864.


Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1864.1.93

S. E. Boles (1857, from Mt. Vernon, Iowa)


Oscar Bradford (1858, from Springfield, Illinois)

1858.1.57 (note)

Brown-Eyes (1861-1866); one of at least two girls. Her real name may have been Christabelle. Self-described as “harum-scarum,” she owned a pony named Ivanhoe but preferred to ride a friskier one named Rob Roy. Her sister also wrote to the Chat, as “Blue-Eyes.”


Mentioned, 1863.2.91

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1862.2.60; 1862.2.60-61

Buckeye Boy (1857-1863, from Ohio)


Bunker Hill (1857-1858, from Charlestown)


Daniel Hudson Burnham (1858-1864; born 4 September 1846, Henderson, New York; died 1 June 1912, Heidelberg, Germany) Son of Edwin (born c1804, Middletown, Vermont; died 30 September 1874, Illinois) and Elizabeth Keith Weeks (born c1810, Vermont; died 15 January 1893, Evanston, Illinois); sixth of seven children, three of them girls, one of them Marie. Married 20 January 1876, Margaret Sherman. The family moved several times before settling in Chicago, Illinois, in 1855. Daniel was acquainted with subscriber Annie Drummond. In 1861, Daniel enlisted in the 19th Illinois Infantry, but his father ended Daniel’s military career immediately. Daniel was better at sports than at school, though his teachers recognized his talent for drawing; his attempts to attend Harvard and Yale failed. He took some time to settle down, working at an architectural firm, gold-seeking with friends in Nevada for a year, and selling plate glass. In 1872, Daniel became a draftsman at the architectural firm of Carter, Drake & Wight. Here he met John Root; the two formed their own architectural firm—Burnham & Root—in 1873. Daniel became one of the most influential architects of the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-centuries; his most famous achievement came as Director of Works for the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893. Daniel’s companies designed both houses and public buildings, among them Union Station and (appropriately) the Post Office in Washington, DC.


Described by friend, 1865.1.88-89

Mentioned, 1863.2.921865.1.26

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1864.1.153.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #515: 229.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #164: 457.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #185: ED18, sheet 22, line 11.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #292: ED1155, sheet 30, B.

• Charles Moore. Daniel H. Burnham. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1921. Repr. New York: Da Capo Press, 1968.

• Thomas S. Hines Burnham of Chicago. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Marie Burnham: Mary Ellen Burnham (1858; born Henderson, New York) Daughter of Edwin (born c1804, Middletown, Vermont; died 30 September 1874, Illinois) and Elizabeth Keith Weeks (born c1810, Vermont; died 15 January 1893, Evanston, Illinois); fourth of seven children, four of them boys, one of them Daniel. Married the Reverend John Goddard. Her younger sister, Clara, also wrote to the Chat.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #515: 229.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #164: 457.

• Charles Moore. Daniel H. Burnham. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1921. Repr. New York: Da Capo Press, 1968; p. 11.

• Thomas S. Hines Burnham of Chicago. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Bushel of Nuts (1850, from Castile)


Busy Bee (1860-1861): Popular subscriber whose chatty letters from Peach Grove, Tennessee, were full of messages to other Cousins. As state after state seceded from the Union in 1861, her absence was the one most often recognized. In her “To Correspondents” column, Aunt Sue asked General George McClellan to “Be kind enough to convey to Busy Bee, under a flag of truce, Harry Whitmore’s love, together with the love and affection of all the rest of the Merrys, including the uncles and aunts.”

1861.1.156 (note)

Mentioned, 1860.2.155-1561861.2.120-1211861.2.1821861.2.119-1201862.2.591863.1.591865.1.122b1865.2.261865.2.88

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1862.1.64

Amy C. (1865, from Newark, New Jersey); one older sister. Her mother died before 1865.

Described, 1865.2.184-185

Charles C. (1858, from Philadelphia)


Charles P. C. (1845)


Delia C. (1855; born c1845); at least one younger sister


E. B. C. (1852, from Albany)


Edith L. C. (1852, from Dayton)


Fanny B. C.: Fanny B. Cochran (1849-1851; born c1838, Virginia) Daughter of William B. (born 9 January 1810, Virginia; died 12 July 1898) and Catharine Powell (born 3 November 1814, Virginia; died 17 February 1895); second of two girls and a boy; Fanny’s older sister died when Fanny was age one. Married 6 July 1859, Thomas B. Dudley, Jr. In 1850 physician William had real estate valued at $14,000 and owned 10 slaves.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #957: 224; reel #989: 579.

• Mrs. Walter Towner Jewell, comp. “Marriage Records of Loudon County, Virginia, 1751-1880.” 1952; p. 123.

• Loudon County, Virginia. “Cemetery Records from Loudoun County, Virginia,” comp. Nada M. Seymour & Mrs. Walter Towner Jewell. Np: Federal City Chapter, D. A. R., 1949; p. 263.

Harry C. (1852, from Norwich)


J. R. C. (1856, from Easton, Pennsylvania)


L. T. C. (1865, from Chicago, Illinois)


L. W. C. (1862); her first name probably was Lucy (1862.2.96)


Lillie C. (1867-1869)


S. C. (1849, from Boston)


S. C.: Sarah Conant (1872), an adult subscriber who took the Museum in her youth. While it is not clear that she is the “S. C.” who wrote to the Museum in 1849, Sarah does mention enjoying the “Tale of a Tulip,” published in 1851. Authored five pieces in 1871 and 1872


W. C. (1852, from Foxboro, Massachusetts)


W. A. C. (1850, from Rome, New York)


Louisa A. C—d, (1851, from Perry)


Emily C. C—s,: Emily Caroline Crafts (1843; baptized 23 June 1833, East Bridgewater, Massachusetts; died 1911?) Daughter of Eliphalet Porter (born c1791, Massachusetts; died 16 January 1880, Waltham, Massachusetts) and Augusta P. (born c1812, Massachusetts; died 8 January 1876, Eastport, Maine); eldest of at least four girls. Eliphalet was a Unitarian minister when he died owned a double house and two vacant lots in Winchester, Massachusetts. Emily never married.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #173: 59.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #304: 715-716.

• East Bridgewater, Massachusetts. Vital Records of East Bridgewater, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1917; p. 43.

• Middlesex County, Massachusetts probate records; will #2445.

Ina Carey (1860, from Parensville)


Marina A. Carey (1859, from Painsville)


Carolus (1846-1847)


Josiah Cary (1857-1859; born 7 April 1783, West Brookfield, Massachusetts; died 8 March 1861, St. Charles, Missouri) Son of Josiah (born 1754, Bridgewater, Connecticut) and Molly Moulton (died 1795); second of 10 children, seven of them boys. Married 3 May 1807, Betsey Henry, with whom he had at least three boys and a girl; the sons predeceased Josiah. Josiah, sr, married Lydia Hale in 1796. Alice and Phebe Cary, popular nineteenth-century poets, were distant relatives. Josiah was buried in a small cemetery on what is now the campus of Lindenwood College.

1857.2.93c1859.1.156-157 (note)

• Seth C. Cary. John Cary, the Plymouth Pilgrim. Boston, Massachusetts: Seth C. Cary, 1911; pp. 72, 182.

• Louise G. Walker. “Thomas Hale, 1637 Emigrant.” 1978; p. 21.

• Carrol Geerling and Lucille Wittenborn Wiechens. Cemeteries of St. Charles County, Missouri. Bridgeton, Missouri: Lineage Press, 1987; p. 188.

Celestia (1851, from Wentworth, New Hampshire)


Charley (1861, from Providence, Rhode Island)

1861.1.124 (note)

Charlotte’s Sister (1853, from Brooklyn, New York)


Choctaw (1852, from Wheeloch, Choctaw Nation)


Cis (1865-1870) She had a biological aunt, uncle, and cousins in Jacksonville, Illinois; on a visit to them in February 1865, Cis met subscriber Charles M. Eames and discovered the Museum.


Mentioned, 1866.2.94

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1865.1.153-154

Clara (1860-1869)

1861.2.155-156 (note) • 1865.1.187c

Mary A. Clark (1853-1856, from Buffalo); at least one brother and one sister


May Clayton (1863-1867)


Clite Clinton (1862-1866)


Clio (1857-1859, from Norwalk) Authored a poem in 1859

1858.1.126a1859.1.123-124 (note)

Reaction to letter, 1858.2.60-61

Cora Clyde (1855, from Perry, New York)


Elizabeth Cogley (1845; born c1834, Pennsylvania; died 1922) Daughter of Joseph M. (born 26 December 1799?, Pennsylvania; died 17 January 1870) and Sarah Fridely (born c1811, Pennsylvania); eldest of at least 4 girls and 2 boys. In 1850 Joseph was a tailor. In 1860, Elizabeth was a telegraph operator, an occupation which her younger sister and brother also took up at various times. In 1920, Elizabeth owned her house, where she lived with a sister and brother.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #797: 237.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1141: 374

• T625. 1920 United States Census; reel #1601: ED122, sheet 3

• Helen P. Stevenson. Letter. 1 September 1992.

• Dan McClenahen, comp. “Marriages of Mifflin County.” Reedsville, Pennsylvania, 1981; p. 2.

• Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. Cemeteries of Mifflin County, Pennsylvania. Lewistown, Pennsylvania: Mifflin County Historical Society, nd; vol 2: 506.

• “Obituaries of Mifflin County, 1822-1880”; pp. 3, 63, 98.

Wilhelmena H. Coleman (1861, from Woodbine Lodge)


Mentioned, 1861.2.921864.2.123-124

William Hayden Coleman: Hayden Level Coleman (1857-1858; born 28 October 1841, Mississippi; died 5 September 1895, Edna, Texas) Son of William (born 18 February 1815, Kentucky; died 27 May 1858, Texas) and Eliza Amanda “Ann” Munson (born 13 January 1810, Connecticut; died 31 July 1875, Texas); one of four boys, three of whom died before the age of 5; he had a sister; all born in Mississippi. Married 22 December 1867, Mary McGregor Dunn. Baptized “Hayden Level,” he was called “Willie.” William, sr., established a General Merchandise store in Texana before the rest of the family joined him in 1854. A devoted Methodist, he refused to carry whiskey. A descendant records that the Colemans were “blue-eyed, fair-haired people of medium height and weight,” scholarly and musical.


Reaction to letter, 1858.1.25

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1298: 370.

• Lorae Gaytmenn. “Family History.” Coleman World, #94-4: 8-9.

• Lorae Gaytmenn. [Query]. Coleman World, #91-4: 2.

• Lorae Gaytmenn. [Query]. Coleman World, #92-2: 2.

W. H. C.; William Hoyt Coleman (1851-1864; born September 2, 1839 or 1840, Hartford, Connecticut; died 10 July 1937, Narberth, Pennsylvania; bur. Woodlawn Cemetery, New York, New York) Son of Laura Clark and Edwards White Coleman (born 22 Aug 1811, Chester, Massachusetts; died 20 Feb 1892, Northampton, Massachusetts). He had a younger sister. Married 5 May 1864, Margaret W. Todd (born 9 Oct 1842, New York; died 1 Jan 1927, Narberth, Pennsylvania); a son and a daughter. In 1860, William, a clerk, boarded with a Connecticut cheese farmer and his family, learning enough about farming to hire himself out to a New York farmer the next year. William then worked on James Todd’s farm in New York; here he met Margaret. In lieu of serving as a soldier during the Civil War, William was hired as a contract nurse in September 1862 and was in charge of a ward in the Patent Office Hospital in Washington, DC; his contract was annulled on 8 April 1863 when he was “unwilling to serve at $13.00 per month.” During his time as a nurse, he attended at least one of the public receptions Abraham Lincoln held at the White House. After giving up his post as a nurse, William traveled west, almost settling in Minnesota before returning to New York. In the late 1870s, he combined his interests in farming and writing in a series of weekly columns for the Christian Union. Around 1880, he owned a nursery in Geneva, New York; at one time known as “Merrill & Coleman,” in 1883 the concern became “Coleman, Anthony & Co.” as William partnered with H. Anthony. Still, over his lifetime, he contributed dozens of pieces to various periodicals, on topics ranging from early periodicals to the history of his church. From 1887 to 1907, William was an editor in Albany—presumably for the Albany Argus—and in 1908 became an editor for The Country Gentleman, moving with the periodical to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1912. He retired in 1929. William died of pulmonary edema. Willie also wrote to the Chat as “Jack Thump,” an “old friend” of Billy Bump. He may have worn glasses. Authored five works between 1856 and 1859, including “Retrospectum; The Chat in By-Gone Days” (6 parts, 1858).

xv, 1851.1.1901853.1.130-1311854.2.3111855.1.291855.1.591855.1.123b1855.1.186-1871855.2.60b1855.2.125a1856.1.81-831856.2.581856.2.122a1858.1.251858.1.56b1858.2.59b1860.1.291860.2.581860.2.121-1221861.1.153-1541861.2.921863.1.23-241864.1.90

Image of, 1861.2.23-24

Mentioned, 1853.2.127b1856.1.291858.1.251859.2.1841860.2.1551861.1.1841862.1.241862.1.24-251862.1.581865.1.121-122

Image of: 1860.2.261861.2.58b

Robert Merry’s Museum 1856.2.185

Robert Merry’s Museum 1861.2.122

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #92: 291.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #909: ED124, sheet 3, line 11.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #1005: ED55, sheet 10A.

• T625. 1920 United States Census; reel #1606: ED129, sheet 11b.

• RG 94. Records of the Adjutant General’s Office. Surgeon General’s Office and the Medical Department, #275.

• Marriage notice. The Independent [New York, New York] 16 (12 May 1864): 8.

• Advertisement for Coleman, Anthony & Co. New York Evangelist 54 (29 March 1883): 7.

Albany Directory. Albany, New York: Sampson, Murdock & Co., 1887-1908. Annual.

• “The Independent.” The Independent [New York, New York] 41 (14 March 1889): 22.

• Deaths Registered in the City of Northampton for the Year eighteen hundred and ninety-two; p. 33. [via]

• “Young Men Wanted On the Farm.” The Independent [New York, New York] 46 (5 July 1894): 30.

• ”Letters from Our Friends: Memories of Hartford.” New York Evangelist 72 (12 Dec 1901): 21-22.

Boyd’s Philadelphia City Directory. Philadelphia: C. E. Howe Co., 1908-1920. Annual.

Vital Records of Chester, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1911; p. 29. [from]

• “The Election of Lincoln.” The Independent [New York, New York] 92 (29 Dec 1917): 600.

• Certificate of Death #8831. Pennsylvania Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics. [via]

• Certificate of Death #71375. Pennsylvania Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics. [via]

Charles Concklin (1854); at least one brother


James Conrad (1865, in Philadelphia)


Reaction to letter, 1865.2.91b

Cornelia (1853, from Milwaukee, Wisconsin)


Cornelius (1842)

Mentioned, vii

Alice B. Corner; Alice B. C. (1856-1857; born c1839, Ohio) Daughter of Edwin (born 16 June 1793, England; died 11 March 1881, Columbus, Ohio) and Belinda Devoe (born c1806, Ohio); sister of at least three brothers, two of whom died before age six. Belinda apparently was Edwin’s second wife; he had at least two children by his first wife; both died as toddlers. In Ohio, Edwin was a merchant with real estate worth about $10,000 in 1850; the family moved from Morgan County to Columbus in 1856. By 1860, Edwin had retired; he owned $13,000 in real estate. At that time, Alice was a teacher.

1856.1.187-1881856.2.26-27 (note) • 1856.2.93-941857.1.93

Mentioned, 1857.1.29-301859.2.126-127

• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #413: 192.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #715: 248-249.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #962: 356.

• Greenlawn Cemetery, Columbus, Ohio. “Records of Greenlawn Cemetery, 1000 Greenlawn Ave., Columbus, Ohio.” Family lots.

Correspondent with a cold (1862)


Reaction to, 1862.1.188

The Countryman (1857, from Niagara Co.)


Mentioned, 1858.1.61

Cousin Ada (1855, from Cleveland)


Cousin Forestina (1863-1866)


Cousin I. (1864)


Cousin Jennie (1865-1866, from East Rockport, Ohio); at least one younger sister and a brother, who died in 1865


Reaction to letter, 1865.2.1551866.1.61

Tennessean’s reactions, 1865.2.881866.1.90-91

Cousin Jennie (1867, from Binghamton)


Cousin May (1865-1869)


Reaction to letter, 1866.1.155

Cousin Missouri: probably Hattie McDonald (1868; born c1858, Missouri; died 4 October 1871, Parkville, Missouri) Daughter of F. M. (born c1824, Missouri) and Mary Taylor (born c1834, Kentucky); older sister of three boys. F. M. McDonald was a prominent merchant in Parkville, editing the Southern Democrat (1851-1856) and the Parkville Courier (1855-1860) before understandably going into law sometime between 1860 and 1870. Hattie accidentally burned to death.


• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #640: 641.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #799: 341.

• Platte County, Missouri. Marriage records; vol A: 354.

• William McClung Paxton. Annals of Platte County, Missouri. Kansas City, Missouri: Hudson-Kimberly Publishing Co., 1897; pp. 141, 202, 513.

Cousin Sally (1857, from Park Hill, Cherokee Nation; died before 1866) She was a member of the Cherokee Nation.


Death mentioned, 1866.1.123

Cousin Sue (1855-1856, from Fall River, Massachusetts)


Inquiry about, 1856.2.27-28

Cousin Sue (1863, from Massachusetts)


Coy (1863-1867, from Long Island)

1865.1.1541865.2.156 (note) • 1867.1.60-61 and note

Cupid (1865)

Quoted, 1865.2.156 (note)

Alice D. (1841)


Anna Elsie D. : probably Mary E. Doran (1857; born c1846, New York) Daughter of David (born 1823, Ireland; died 29 October 1859, New York) and Catherine (born 12 February 1826, Ireland; died 3 September 1852, New York), and oldest of at least five children; one sister was Ellen (born c1848, New York; died 12 September 1855, New York). In 1850 David was a carpenter in Rochester, New York, with real estate worth $1400; here Ella is listed as “Ellen,” with an older sister listed as “Mary.” Catherine died of cholera; Ellen apparently died in the Rochester Orphan Asylum of “Interm. fever.” In 1854, David married Jane K. Hood (born c1827, Rhode Island); they had at least one daughter. Mary lost a six-year-old sibling to “brain fever” a week before the date of her letter; David died of consumption or of a “liver complaint.” Jane kept a boarding house in 1860 and 1870.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #531: 273.

• 1855 New York State Census; New York, Monroe County, Rochester, ward 10; p. 699. [via]

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #784: 109.

• Mortality Schedule, 1860 census: New York, St. Lawrence County, Oswegatchee; p. 116.

• 1870 United States Census; New York, Monroe County, Rochester, ward 10; p. 103.

• Richard T. Halsey, transcriber. Tombstone Inscriptions from the Old Section of Mt. Hope Cemetery, Rochester, New York. Rochester, New York: Richard T. Halsey, 1987.

• “Marriages Registered in the Town of Pawtucket [Rhode Island] for the year, 1854.” [via]

• “Mount Hope Cemetery Interment Books.” vol. 1, May 1837-July 1860; vol 1.

• Monroe County, New York. Surrogate’s Court. Probate records, 1826-1912; vol 8: 59-61.

C. D. (1857, from Oberlin; female)


Dorothy D. (1849, from Saugatuck County)


Fannie A. E. D. (1859, from North Carolina)


J. D. (1851, from New York)


Jennie D. (1855-1857, from Plainville, Connecticut; born c1849)


Jennie D. (1861, from Longmeadow)


Jennie B. D. (1862)


Julia B. D. (1856, from Washington, DC)


M. C. D. (1849, from Stamford, Connecticut); at least one brother


Sarah A. D. (1849; born c1838); several brothers


Daisy Dell (1855)


Daisy Wildwood (1860-1867) Authored two works in 1861 and 1864

1860.2.59 (note) • 1861.1.571861.2.92 (notes) • 1864.2.123-1241867.2.29-30

Image of, 1860.2.26

Mentioned, 1867.2.58

Harry Dale (1857)

Quoted, 1856.2.93-94 (note)

Mary Dale (1851, from Liverpool, England)


Henry A. Danker: Henry Augustus Danker (1857-1868; born c1843, Troy, New York; died 5 August 1864, Mobile Bay, Alabama) Son of Albert (born c1801, New York; died 31 March 1868) and Asenath (born c1802, New York); middle of three boys. Asenath was listed as a surveyor in 1850 and 1860, though he may not have worked: an affidavit deposited with the U.S. government in 1865 stated that he had been unable to support his family for 20 years due to mental derangement. Henry subscribed to Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet in 1857. In 1860, he was a taxidermist; but when light-haired, blue-eyed Henry enlisted in the 67th New York Infantry, on 14 September 1861, he was a musician apparently supporting his parents; after enlisting, he sent home half his paycheck. He was a member of the band of Company F; but was discharged on 24 March 1862 due to “Feebleness of Constitution.” Henry studied medicine with Thomas W. Blatchford, practising physician in Troy, New York (his last letter in the Museum was dated from “the Dissecting Room”). When Henry enlisted in the Navy in 1864, he became the acting assistant surgeon on the U.S.S. Tecumseh, which struck a torpedo during the capture of Ft. Morgan, in Mobile Bay, Alabama. Henry was one of at least 96 men who died on the ship. Authored six works on birds in 1860 and 1861.


About, 1864.2.27 1864.2.87 1869.1.435

Education of, 1864.2.126-127

Mentioned, 1862.1.241861.2.1821862.1.881862.1.1231862.2.271864.2.271865.1.88-891866.1.58-59

Reaction to letters, 1862.2.28

Death of, reaction to, 1864.2.871864.2.87-881864.2.123-1241864.2.1251864.2.126-1271864.2.157a1865.1.25-261865.1.271865.2.27b

• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #332: 31.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #584: 140.

• Troy, New York. “Vital Records Appearing in Troy Newspapers, 1812-1885”; p. 6.

Troy Directory for 1860. Troy, New York: William H. Young, 1860.

• RG 15. Records of the Veterans Administration; pension record #500.

• Frederick H. Dyer. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959; pp. 1430, 666, 683.

• Commodore Foxhall A. Parker. The Battle of Mobile Bay. Boston: A. Williams & Co., 1878; pp. 89, 26.

• United States Navy Department. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. DC: Government Printing Office, 1894-1922; series 1 vol 21: 405, 492.

T. B. Dawson: Theodore Bell Dawson, (1853; born 1838, Kentucky; buried 3 February 1908, Missouri) Son of John Dabney (born 1808, Kentucky; buried 19 July 1892, Missouri) and Mary Jane Bell (born 1811, Tennessee; buried 5 December 1897, Missouri); eldest of three boys and a girl. John was ordained a minister of the Disciples of Christ and was the first superintendent of the Kentucky Female Orphan School, 1849-1857. In 1858, the family moved to Missouri, where John was a professor at Christian College (now Columbia College) in Columbia; after his retirement, John lived on the family farm near Louisiana, Missouri. Theodore had moved to Glasgow, Missouri, by 1860, where he was a clerk living in the household of a physician. In 1900, he was a druggist living in Webster Groves, Missouri. He never married. Theodore was buried beside his parents in Riverview Cemetery, Buffalo Township, Missouri.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #222: 447; reel #228: 653.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #623: 483; reel #662: 323.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #888: ED121, sheet 44.

• Harry W. Mills, comp. Dawson Family History. 1941.

• Pike County, Missouri. “Cemetery Inscriptions, Pike County, Missouri,” comp. Pike County Chapter, D. A. R. 1991; vol 9: 27.

• “Pike County, Missouri, Riverview Cemetery, Up to 1940.” 1990; p. 19.

Blanche Delaplaine: Blanche Livingston Delaplaine (1856-1858; born 29 June 1846, Madison, Wisconsin; died 3 May 1919, Denver, Colorado; buried Fairmount Cemetery, Denver, Colorado) Daughter of George P. (born c1816, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; died 29 April 1895) and Emeline T. Smith (born c1818, Massachusetts; died 1 November 1875/6); second of at least 4 girls. George went to Madison in 1838, where he became a real estate agent who in 1860 was worth about $100,000. He was a partner in Delaplaine and Burdick from at least 1866 to 1880. Blanche’s description of Lake-Side Water Cure came from a close source: George built it. On a trip west in 1858, John N. Stearns visited the Delaplaines, though Blanche was too ill to see him. Blanche never married.


Robert Merry’s Museum, 1858.2.93.

• Wisconsin. Secretary of State. Elections and Records. Wisconsin State Census: Population, 1836-1905 ; vol. 3: 20.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1404: 485.

• Dane County, Wisconsin. Registration of Marriages; vol 1: 2.

• Dane County, Wisconsin. “Burial Records, Forest Hills Cemetery”; p. 5.

• Dane County, Wisconsin. Probate Case Files; vol 8: 35, box 151; vol 4: 458, box 99.

Madison Directory, 1855. Madison, Wisconsin: Atwood & Rublee, 1855.

Madison City Directory, 1858, comp. W. L. E. Ferslew. Madison, Wisconsin: Bliss, Eberhard & Festner, 1858.

Madison City Directory, comp. B. W. Suckow. Madison, Wisconsin: B. W. Suckow, 1866.

Madison Directory, 1868. Madison, Wisconsin: A. Bailey, 1868.

Madison City Directory, 1871-72. Madison, Wisconsin: A. Brainerd, 1870.

Madison City Directory, 1873. Madison, Wisconsin: A. Brainerd, 1872.

Madison City Directory, 1875-76. Madison, Wisconsin: Pryor & Co., 1875-76.

Madison City Directory, 1877-78. Madison, Wisconsin: Pryor & Co., 1877.

Madison City Directory, 1880-81. Madison, Wisconsin: Morrissey & Bunn, 1880.

• Daniel Durrie. A History of Madison. Madison, Wisconsin: np, 1874; p. 78-79.

• Find a Grave. Memorial #34406268 (

Diabolus (1865, from Massachusetts)


Dodt (1856-1857, from Elmira)

1857.1.281857.1.93 (note)

Downeast Boy (1855)


Down-East Girl (1861-1865, from Addison) Authored a piece in 1863


W. F. Draper: William Franklin Draper (1853-1854; born 9 April 1842, Lowell, Massachusetts; died 28 January 1910, DC, Washington) Son of George Draper (born 1817, Weston, Massachusetts; died 1887) and Hannah Thwing. Married first, 1862, Lydia Warren Joy (died 1884); five children; second, 1890, Susan Christie Preston; one child. William’s grandfather and father were in the textile business. William began attending public school at age 7; he entered the High School at age 9, studying Latin and algebra. He also was learning about the textile business from his father. In 1853, William’s parents moved to the Christian commune in Hopedale, Massachusetts, where he ran the textile concern that was the commune’s most important business. After a year in the commune’s school, William attended it only from November to April 1, the rest of the year working at the jobs given to the children; at age 14, he began to work in the machine shop, where he was an efficient worker. Ending his schooling at age 16, he worked in various cotton mills, learning the trade. While he was accepted at Harvard in 1861, he didn’t attend; instead, when war broke out, he enlisted in the 25th Massachusetts Regiment, as a lieutenant, and moved on to the 36th Massachusetts Regiment. He fought at Fredericksburg and Antietam, being wounded twice; he was discharged in October 1864. Draper ran his own textile company at Hopedale until 1907, using a natural gift for invention and innovation to develop new methods and machinery. He also served two terms in the U. S. House of Representatives and was ambassador to Italy, 1897-1900.


Dictionary of American Biography, ed. Dumas Malone. New York: Chas. Scribner’s Sons, 1936.

American National Biography, ed. John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

• William F. Draper. Recollections of a Varied Career. Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1908.

Lawrence Drinkwater: Frederick Lawrence Drinkwater (1861; born 4 February 1848, Pike, Pennsylvania; died 1901?, Cedar Point, Kansas) Son of Myron Clark (born 24 February 1806, Connecticut; died 15 March 1861, Cedar Creek, Kansas) and Pauline Pease (born 1810, Connecticut; died 1860-61?, Topeka, Kansas); eighth of 10 children, older brother of Viola. Married 4 June 1876, Kansas, Cedar Creek, Kansas, Cynthia A. Piles (born 25 January 1854; died 22 March 1889); two sons and a daughter, all of whom died as children. The family lived in Pennsylvania before 1830; here Myron owned 100 acres on which he grew rye, corn, potatoes, and hay, and kept horses, cows, pigs, and sheep. In April 1855, the family’s oldest sons moved to Kansas, where they farmed in Chase County, on the hunting grounds of the Kaw, the Osage, and other Native Americans; listed as one of the first three white settlers in Chase County, the eldest son, Orlo, named Cedar Creek, which ran near Cedar Point. Orlo also was Cedar Point’s first postmaster, the post office being on his farm; he held the post in 1862 and again in 1868. The Drinkwaters moved to Kansas as Free Staters, following John Brown; Orlo attended the Big Springs convention in 1855, as a member of the Free State Party. The son of a farmer, Lawrence became a farmer, himself, before 1870, living with his younger brother on real estate worth $2000.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #443: 199.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #756: 156.

• Kansas 1855 Territorial Census; 3rd district, p. 3.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #352: 47-48.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #430: 7.

• T1138. Agricultural Census Schedule, 1850, Pennsylvania.

• Charlene Kolterman. E-mail correspondence, 29 September 1998.

Chase County Historical Sketches. Np: Chase County Historical Society, 1940; pp. 183, 185.

History of the State of Kansas. Chicago: A. T. Andreas, 1883; vol 2: 1364.

Viola Drinkwater: Amanda Viola Drinkwater (1861; born 2 February 1850, LeRaysville, Pennsylvania; died 1941, Shawnee co., Kansas) Daughter of Myron Clark (born 24 February 1806, Connecticut; died 15 March 1861, Cedar Creek, Kansas) and Pauline Pease (born 1810, Connecticut; died 1860-61?, Topeka, Kansas); ninth of 10 children, younger sister of Lawrence. Married 17 March 1871, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, Samuel Fogwell (born 1844; died after September 1897); three boys and three girls.


Reaction to letter, 1861.1.184

• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #443: 199.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #756: 156.

• T1138. Agricultural Census Schedule, 1850, Pennsylvania.

• Kansas 1855 Territorial Census; 3rd district, p. 3.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #352: 47-48.

• Charlene Kolterman. E-mail correspondence, 29 September 1998.

Chase County Historical Sketches. Np: Chase County Historical Society, 1940; pp. 183, 185.

History of the State of Kansas. Chicago: A. T. Andreas, 1883; vol 2: 1364.

Annie E. D.; Annie E. Drummond (1855-1863; born 5 March 1842, Illinois; died 16 October 1869; buried Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois) Daughter of Thomas (born 16 October 1809, Maine; died 15 May 1890, Wheaton, Illinois) and Delia Amanda Sheldon (born c1820, Michigan); second of three girls and a boy. Thomas moved to Galena, Illinois, in 1835; here he was U. S. District Judge, 1869-1884. Annie was acquainted with subscriber Daniel H. Burnham.

1856.1.90 (note) • 1857.2.1851858.1.153d1860.1.186 (note) • 1865.1.157

Image of, 1861.2.23-24

Mentioned, 1856.1.901862.1.155a

Robert Merry’s Museum, 1864.1.153.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #111: 310.

National Cyclopedia of American Biography. New York: J. T. White, 1898; vol 2: 234; vol 20: 111-112.

• “Jo Daviess County, Illinois, Newspaper Index, 1828-1840.” Galena, Illinois: Robert Hansen, nd; p. 14.

• Find a Grave. Memorial #122011174. (

Jean Du Casse (1863-1865); served in the military during the Civil War; for a time he was part of the Union forces on the James River which watched for the Virginia 2.


Harriet Durham (1854, from Drakeville)


C. M. E. [Sigma]: Charles M. Eames (1861-1870; born 6 November 1845, Jacksonville, Illinois; died 30 July 1887, Illinois) Son of Timothy Dwight (born Massachusetts; died 17 June 1879, Illinois) and A. M. Eames (born c1816, Massachusetts; died 14 December 1909, Illinois); he may have had a brother who died in infancy. Married 14 November 1876, Carrie M. Hall (born Wallingford, Connecticut; died 7 February 1890, Jacksonville, Illinois); four children. He subscribed to Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet before its merger with the Museum. Sickly as a child, Charles did not complete his education, though he entered Illinois College in 1863; here he joined the Sigma Pi fraternity and changed his pen-name in the Museum from “C. M. E.” to “Sigma” in 1864. In 1866, Charles began a journalism career during which he reported for the Chicago Republican and the Springfield Journal ; eventually he owned and edited the Jacksonville Daily and Weekly Journal. For eight years he also operated a book and stationery store in Jacksonville. Charles was one of Jacksonville’s boosters, active in political and professional organizations, as well as in churches and the educational system; in 1885, he wrote a large, effusive history of Morgan County and Jacksonville (in 1857 he’d been just as enthusiastic about Jacksonville in a letter to the Cabinet). He was buried in Diamond Grove Cemetery. Authored four works in 1864 and 1865.


About, 1869.1.50

• Charles M. Eames. Historic Morgan and Classic Jacksonville. Jacksonville, Illinois: Daily Journal Printing Office, 1885; p. 336.

• Carrie M. Hall Eames’ obituary. New York Herald-Tribune [New York, New York] 8 Feb 1890: 7.

Diamond Grove Cemetery. Np: Jacksonville Area Genealogical & Historical Society, 1994.

M. E. (1869)


R. T. E.: probably Richard Tilghmann Earle (1849-1850; born c1840, Maryland) Son of Richard Tilghmann (born c1817, Maryland; died before 1899) and Catharine Spencer (died before 1850). After Catharine’s death, Richard, sr., married her sister, Elizabeth (born c1810, Maryland). Richard, sr., was listed as a doctor owning 18 slaves and worth $15,000 in the 1850 census; his income of $928 in 1864 rose to $1353 in 1865.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #169: 84.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #296: 206; reel #302: 53.

• M771. Internal Revenue Assessment Lists, Maryland, 1862-1866. RG 58; reel #1.

Biographical Cyclopedia of Representative Men of Maryland and District of Columbia. Baltimore: National Biograpical Publishing, Co., 1879; p. 134.

• Trish Surles, comp. Obituaries from Maryland Newspapers, Queen Anne County. Grambrills, Maryland: Trish Surles, 1995; 1851-53 vol: 23; 98-99 vol: 31.

Queen Anne’s County, Maryland, Marriage licenses, 1817-1858, comp. Raymond B. Clark, Jr., & Sara Seth Clark. DC; Raymond B. Clark, Jr., & Sara Seth Clark, 1963; p. 11.

Josephine Eaton (1855-1856; born 23 July 1843, Murfreesboro, Tennessee; died 23 Aug 1923, Louisville, Kentucky) Only daughter of Joseph H. (born 2 March 1813, Ohio; died 22 April 1886) and Esther Mary Treadwell (born 10 September 1812, New York; died 12 January 1859); elder sister of two boys. Married 2 Oct 1878 (in Petersburg City, Virginia), Alonzo Peck (born c1815, New York; died before 1923). Joseph was president of Union University, in Murfreesboro, from 1848 to 1886. He owned four slaves in 1850 and five in 1860. In 1870, Josephine was a teacher, as was her mother. Alonzo was a widower with two daughters when he and Josephine married; in New York he was a farmer.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #894: 357; reel #906: 537.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1271: 165; reel #1285: 75.

• 1870 United States Census; Murfreesboro, Tennessee; house #48, family #52. []

• 1880 United States Census; Eaton, New York; ED 54; p. 4. []

• 1920 United States Census; Murfreesboro, Tennessee; ED 127; sheet 5B, line 86. []

• Virginia, Select Marriages, 1785-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc, 2014.

• Josephine Eaton Peck death certificate. Commonwealth of Kentucky, Bureau of Vital Statistics; file #21119.

• Deane Porch, comp. “Tombstone Inscriptions of Evergreen Cemetery, Murfreesboro, Tennessee”; p. 35.

• John C. Spence. Annals of Rutherford County [Tennessee]. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Rutherford County Historical Society, 1991; vol 2: 84-85.

Eddie (1855-1859; born c1847); at least one younger sister, who died in 1855.


Edith (1866): from New Casco, Michigan

1866.2.94 (note)

Edward and Allan (1848; born c1848); twins


Elfelda (1863-1865, from Williamsport)


Eliza (1845)


Elizabeth (1865, from Washington)


Ella (1863-1865; died 1865) At her mother’s request, a poem was printed in April 1867 issue of the Museum


Reaction to death, 1865.2.91a

Ellen (1851, from Roxbury)


Ellen [Violette] (1855-1857, from Gouveneur)


Ellian (1860-1864) Authored three works, including an eight-part collection of stories, between 1860 and 1862


Mentioned, 1861.2.182

Elma (1858-1859, from Oakdale, Indiana)

1858.2.155-156 (note)

Emmie (1857, from Kingsboro)

1859.2.126-127 (note)

Empire State (1856, Buffalo, New York): puzzles by this subscriber were printed in the Museum from 1869-1870

1856.2.26-27 (note)

Jennie Enwood (1866-1867)

1867.1.122 (note) • 1867.2.61a (note) • 1867.2.61b

Eustis (1864, from Wentworth, New Hampshire)


Evelina (1853, from North Carolina)


Evening Star (1862-1865, from Ouaquaga, New York) Authored two pieces in 1866


Caddie Everette (1865, from Cherry Grove) Author of one piece in 1865


F. (1845) Authored several pieces in 1845


E. T. F. (1849, from Oswego)


G. L. F. (1860)


J. C. F. (1849)


James F. (1845)


M. W. F.: Mary W. Fluker, (1851; born c1841, Louisiana) Daughter of David J. (born c1809, Georgia; died 5 November 1854, Louisiana) and Isabella A. Kendrick (born c1815, Louisiana; died 27 December 1875, East Feliciana, Louisiana); one of 12 children. Married 11 October 1865, East Feliciana, Louisiana, James L. Bradford (died January 1919). In 1850 David was a farmer with real estate worth $136,500 and owning 110 slaves; in 1860 his widow owned 94 slaves. “Asphodel” was a sugar plantation. The large stone house on a bluff was built by Mary’s grandfather, though he died before it was finished. It features front and back porches, marble mantlepieces, and a double parlor with matching furniture in each room. During the War, Mary and her family endured several raids by Union troops in search of food. In one raid, troops attempted to set the house on fire while the family hid in the locked library. Furnished with its original rosewood and mahogany furniture, and fine china and crystal, Asphodel remained in the family until 1949. Mary and James were married at Grove Church, in St. Francisville, Louisiana, but moved to New Orleans, Lousiana, where James was a lawyer. Mary was prominent in New Orleans society, even during the months when James was serving a prison sentence for fraud. In 1902, she surprised a burglar, who escaped with over $2500 in diamond jewelry.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #231: 212-213; reel #243: 613, 615, 617.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #411: 15; reel #428: 198.

East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, Cemetery Inscriptions, comp. Mary Ann Smith Sagely. Clinton, Louisiana: S & S Printers, 1970; pp. 116-117.

Death Notices, 1859-1961, Thibodaux, Louisiana, and Vicinity. Thibodaux, Louisiana: Lafourche Heritage Soc., 1988; vol 3: 30.

• East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. “Index to Marriage Records, 1834-1956”; book B: 68.

• “Diamond Robbery On St. Charles Avenue.” Times-Picayune [New Orleans, Louisiana] 8 March 1902: 7.

• “Land Frauds.” Times-Picayune [New Orleans, Louisiana] 24 Jan 1904: 4.

• “Noted Lawyer in Prison.” Montgomery Advertiser [Montgomery, Alabama] 78 (21 June 1907): 10.

• “President is Lenient.” Plain Dealer [Cleveland, Ohio] 10 Sept 1907: 2.

• “Col. J. L. Bradford Taken Off By Death.” Times-Picayune [New Orleans, Louisiana] 6 Jan 1919: 4.

• Herman de Bachelle Seebold. Old Louisiana Plantation Homes and Family Trees. Np: np, 1941; vol 1: 227-29.

• Lee Malone. The Majesty of the Felicianas. Photographs by Paul Malone. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Co., 1989; pp. 15-16.

S. S. F. (1849, from Washington, DC)


Stephen B. F. (1845)


W. H. F. (1852, from Rocky Mount, Alabama; born c1841); several siblings


Fairy Jane; Fairie Jane (1859-1860, from Lake Village)

1860.1.60-61 (note)

Fanny (1851)


Fleta Forrester [Sigma] (1857-1865) She had at least one brother. Married S. C. Stone. Fleta took Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet in 1857. In 1865, her address was Box 629, in New Haven, Connecticut. Fleta also wrote for St. Nicholas, whose founder, Mary Mapes Dodge, wrote for the Museum. Authored seven pieces between 1857 and 1863; she also edited the Puzzle Drawer, 1864-1866.

As Sigma: 1857.1.29-301857.1.92-931857.1.186

As Fleta Forrester: 1857.2.156b1858.1.1231859.1.123-1241860.2.89-90

Image of, 1861.2.23-24

Mentioned, 1859.1.93a1865.2.91a (note) • 1865.1.121-122

Quoted, 1861.2.92 (note)

Reaction to letter, 1860.2.122-123

As editor, 1865.1.157

Louise E. Fletcher (1860-1861, from Marietta)


Violet Forest (1867; born abt August 1850; died 20 October 1867, aged 17 years, 1 month and 24 days)


Death of: 1867.2.187

Franc (1864-1870)

Mentioned, 1865.2.155

Quoted, 1865.1.121-122 (note)

Allie Frank (1865-1869, from Troy, New York)


Mentioned, 1865.1.187c

Fred (1857, from Wauconda)


A Friend to Merry (1845)


Agnes G. (1869-1870)


Joseph C. G. (1858, from Wilmington, North Carolina)


Lizzie G. (1859-1861) She graduated from school in 1859.

1859.2.126-127 (note) • 1859.2.185a

Mentioned, 1859.2.1841861.1.89-90

Lizzy G.; Lizzie G. (1849-1851, from Paris, France)


Mentioned, 1850.1.63

Mary B. G. (1850, from Oswego; born c1840); at least one younger sister


Maria L. Gage (1848; born 28 August 1833, New York; died 18 August 1868, Velmont, Colorado) Daughter of Justus (born 13 March 1805, DeRuyter, New York; died 21 January 1875, Dowagiac, Michigan) and Matilda Ann Tinkler (born 1810, New York; died after 1875, Michigan?); eldest of two girls and three boys. Married 6 May 1851, Horace A. McKeyes (born 1826); two daughters. The Gage family moved to Michigan sometime before 1838. Justus was a farmer. Maria, also known as “Mariah,” was buried in Riverside Cemetery, Dowagiac, Michigan.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #203: 204.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #349: 375.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #541: 112.

• John A. Gage. Personal letter, 21 April 1994.

Gazella (1860, from Maclura, Tennessee)


Reaction to letter, 1860.1.186-187

Geleco (1865, in Warren, Rhode Island)


George (1856, from University of Mississippi)


Geraldine (1859, from Harpersville; born abt 1848)


Cornelius M. Gibbs (1859-1861; born c1843, Georgia; died 3 December 1861, Richmond, Virginia) Son of Thomas H. (born c1821, Georgia) and Julia C. (born c1825, Georgia); eldest of at least four boys and three girls. Thomas was a farmer; the owner of 34 slaves in 1850, he owned 24 in 1860. Enlisting on 3 July 1861 as a private in Co. H, 11 Regiment Georgia Infantry, Cornelius became ill in August and died in the General Hospital in Richmond, Virginia. Author of three pieces in 1859 and 1860.

1860.1.60b1860.1.186 (note)

Image of, 1862.1.58

Mentioned, 1861.1.881861.1.89-901861.2.155-1561861.2.182

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #86: 80; reel #96: 329.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #139: 940; reel #153: 22.

• M266. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Georgia; reel #261.

Gooseberry-eyed James (1856, from Mt. Carroll, Illinois; born abt 1845)


Grasshopper (1860-1869)


Reaction to letter, 1863.2.122

Hiram Graves (1859, from Merwinsville; born abt 1849); with several brothers and sisters


Green-eyed Nettie (1857, from Chicago)

Mentioned, 1858.1.153d

Sybil Grey; Orianna (1859-1861; born 1843?)

As Orianna, 1859.1.60

As Sybil, 1859.2.1841860.1.1861861.2.58a

Quoted, 1861.1.153-154 (note)

Image of, 1860.2.261861.2.23-24

Mentioned, 1860.1.123a

“Proposed to,” 1860.2.155-156

Reaction to letter, 1860.2.581861.1.1841861.2.251861.2.92

Walter Grey (1857, from Rocky Point)


Mentioned, 1858.1.30-31

A. L. H. (1858, from San Francisco)


E. B. H. (1849-1850)


J. H. (1855, from Piermont)


M. S. H.: Maria S. Hall (1849; born c1834, Virginia) Daughter of John B. (born c1784, Virginia) and Harriet (born c1802, Virginia); one of at least five boys and two girls. Marriage registered 10 June 1851, to W. L. Watkins. John was a druggist worth $10,500 in 1850 and $30,000 in 1860; at least two of his sons also entered the medical profession.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #977: 355-356.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1380: 269.

• “Fredericksburg, Virginia, Marriage Bonds, 1782 to 1860.” Genealogical Society of Utah, 1938; p. 41.

Ralph H. (1841)


Richard P. H. (1844, from Lexington)


Sarah J. H. (1849, from Rome, Georgia)


T. M. H. (1857): from Augusta, Georgia

1857.2.154-155 (note)

M. La Rue H—n: Marcus La Rue Harrison (1849; born 1829, Tompkins co., New York; died 27 October 1890, Virginia) Married Mattie F. Mitchell; at least one daughter. Marcus’s parents took the family to Michigan when he was young. Though Marcus attended what is now the University of Michigan from 1847 to 1850 in the Department of Literature, Science, and the Arts, he did not graduate. Marcus was a teacher for a year before becoming a civil engineer and working on two railroads. On 24 September 1861 he enlisted in Co. K, 36th Illinois Infantry; according to records, he was transferred to the 15th Illinois Cavalry, though in 1862 Marcus was in the 36th Illinois Infantry when he got authority to recruit for and captain the 6th Missouri Cavalry. He raised the 1st Arkansas Cavalry, which mustered in at Springfield, Missouri, on 7 August 1862; the unit participated in many battles and operations in Missouri and Arkansas before mustering out on 20 August 1865. Originally detailed as an engineer, Marcus had a smoother career building fortifications than leading a cavalry unit: several times he had to respond to charges made by hostile officers. Marcus was breveted brigadier-general for services in the field before mustering out in 1865 and being commissioned a special agent for the Post Office Department. He spent two years organizing the postal system for the area around Arkansas and the Indian Territory. Having been part of the Union forces occupying Fayetteville, Arkansas, Marcus was elected mayor in 1868; however, the town’s citizens were so unhappy with his administration that they petitioned the state for dissolution of the town’s charter. After this was granted, a former Confederate was elected mayor in Marcus’s place. He went back to surveying proposed routes for the railroads. In 1869, the new town of Harrison, Arkansas, was named for him in payment for his services in surveying it. In 1870 Marcus was a civil engineer in Fayetteville, Arkansas, with $7000 in real estate. Eventually the Harrison family moved to Washington, DC, where he was an inspector in the Post Office Department from 1874 to 1890. He was buried at Arlington.


• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #66: 222.

• University of Michigan. University of Michigan: General Catalogue of Officers and Students, 1837-1911 ; p. 728.

• “Obituary, Marcus La Rue Harrison.” In Roger V. Logan, ed. Mountain Heritage. Harrison, Arkansas: Times Pubishing Co., 1969; p. 90.

Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. Springfield: Baker, Bailhache & Co., 1867; vol 4: 411.

• Desmond Walls Allen. First Arkansas Union Cavalry. Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, 1987; pp. 7, 61.

• Frederick H. Dyer. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959; pp. 997-998.

• William S. Campbell. One Hundred Years of Fayetteville, 1828-1928. 1928. (repr. Fayetteville, Arkansas: Washington County Historical Society, 1977); pp. 26, 45-47.

Goodspeed’s 1889 History of Washington County[, Arkansas]. Np: Goodspeed Publishing Co., 1889. [repr. Siloam Springs, Arkansas: J. Roger Huff, 1978.]; p. 252.

• Roger V. Logan, Jr. “General M. LaRue Harrison.” Boone County Historian, 2 #2 (1979): 2-3.

• Ralph R. Rea. Boone County and Its People. Van Buren, Arkansas: Press-Argus, 1955; p. 99.

• M399. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Arkansas; reel #5.

• M123. Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War; reel #106: ED3, 2.

Boyd’s Business Directory and Guide to the Cities of Washington, Georgetown, and Alexandria. Washington, DC: Boyd’s Directory Co., 1874-1890.

Lizzie H.; Lizzie H—s: probably Mary Elizabeth Hills (1849-1850; born 2 July 1836, Rome, Georgia; died 19 January 1873, Cedartown, Georgia) Daughter of Dennis (born 6 May 1800, Leominster, Massachusetts; died 11 March 1868, Rome, Georgia) and Eliza A. Henderson (born 30 December 1815, Massachusetts; died 12 May 1864, Cedartown, Georgia); oldest of 14 children, six of whom died before they were 15. Married 21 October 1858, John C. Reese (born 1834, Georgia; died 1902, Silver Creek, Georgia); one girl and four boys.


As Lizzie H., 1850.2.187-188

• Bess W. Patton. Letter. 14 June 1994.

Polk County, Georgia Cemeteries, comp Ralph and Jane Ayers. Cedartown, Georgia: np, 1986; vol 2: 120.

Floyd County, Georgia, Cemeteries. Ed. Shirley Kinney, Madge Tate, and Sandra Junkins. Comp. Northwest Georgia Historical and Genealogical Society. Rome, Georgia: Northwest Georgia Historical and Genealogical Society, 1985.

Hal (1858-1859, from Zebraville, Ohio)


Harrie (1862-1863); at least one brother, named Willie. Harrie attended a boarding school


Bessie Harris (1853, from Wood Lawn)


Harry; Harry G. (1858, from Springfield, Illinois)

1858.1.153d (note)

Hattie Hart (1856, from Palmyra)


Nancy Haugh (1853, from Washington, DC)


May Hawk (1868) Authored a piece in 1868


Tommy Hawk (1859, from Sugar-plum Hill)


Mentioned, 1859.2.184

Hawthorn; Hawthorne (1859-1864; born in Tennessee) He travelled in Europe from late 1860 to early 1861.

xi, 1859.2.60-611859.2.185b1860.1.123b1860.1.186-1871861.1.90-91 (note)

Image of, 1860.2.26

Mentioned, 1859.2.60-611859.2.126-1271861.1.89-901861.1.90-91

Robert Merry’s Museum, 1861.1.154

Hazel-Eyed Johnny (1859, from Minden, Louisiana)


Hercules (1872, from Williamsburg)


Herman (1867)


Hero (1864-1868, from New Paltz)


Hesperia (1861, from San Juan, California)


Edward M. Higbee (1855; born c1840, New York; died May 1855, Ogdensburg, New York) Son of Stephen (born c1806, New York; died 1 February 1892) and Hannah (born c1806, New York; died 22 April 1869); third of four boys and a girl, which included George. Stephen was a tinsmith, probably part owner of Lamb & Higbee, manufacturers of tin, copper, and sheet iron ware and dealers in stoves, “Yankee Notions,” and “Peddler’s Barter generally”; the value of his property soared from $600 in 1850 to $14,000 in 1860. Edward was buried on 17 May 1855 in the Ogdensburg, New York, cemetery.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #589: 80.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #854: 273.

• James, Hopkins & Foster. Ogdensburgh Business Directory, 1857. (Repr. Ogdensburgh (New York) City Directories. Woodridge, Connecticut: Research Publications, 1980-1984)

• Ogdensburg Cemetery Association. Cemetery Records: Book 39, Ogdensburg ; #412.

Geo. B. H.; George B. Higbee (1858-1860; born c1844, New York; died 30 August 1869, Ogdensburg, New York) Son of Stephen (born c1806, New York; died 1 February 1892) and Hannah (born c1806, New York; died 22 April 1869); fourth of four boys and a girl, which included Edward. In 1858, George became a book keeper in his brother’s business; he was boarding at his parents’ home at 33 Washington St., Ogdensburg, when he died at home of “brain fever”; he was buried on 1 September 1869, in the Ogdensburg, New York, cemetery.

As Geo. B. H.: 1857.2.59b

As George B. Higbee: 1858.1.601858.1.1551859.2.611859.2.158

Mentioned, 1861.2.59

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1860.2.56.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #589: 80.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #854: 273.

• Mortality Schedule, 1870 census: New York, St. Lawrence County, Oswegatchee; p. 900.

• Ogdensburg Cemetery Association. Cemetery Records: Book 39, Ogdensburg ; #1189, #1173.

C. Holcomb, Jr: Chester Holcomb (1857; born 16 October 1842, Winfield, New York; died 25 April 1912, Rochester, New York) Son of Chester (born 10 September 1804; died 21 September 1865) and Lucy Tompkins; eldest of three boys. Married first, Kate O. Sage; second, 21 March 1906, Alice Reeves. Chester subscribed to Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet in 1857. The son of a Presbyterian minster, Chester, Jr., became a Presbyterian minister, himself. He was interpreter and Secretary of the U. S. Legation in Peking [Beijing], China, from 1871-1885; and acting minister, 1875-1876, 1878-1879, and 1881-1882. Here Chester helped to negotiate various treaties, earning the respect of the emperor of China. Besides translating the Declaration of Independence, Chester wrote a life of Christ and a work on mental arithmetic in Chinese. In English he wrote several books and articles on China, the Chinese, and antique Chinese porcelain.


• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #1173: ED106, sheet 26, 51.

• Willis J. Beecher. Index of Presbyterian Ministers. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Publication, c1883.

• Jesse Seaver. The Holcomb(e) Genealogy. Philadelphia: American Historical & Genealogical Society, 1925; pp. 71-72, 246-247.

Hoosier Anne (1858-1859, from Indianapolis, Indiana)


Mentioned, 1859.1.156-157

Emily J. Hyer (1860-1862, from Altior Place, Louisiana)


A. N. I. (1846)


H. P. I.: perhaps Harlan P. Ingersoll (1849-1852; born c1836, Michigan) Son of Erastus S. (born c1808, New York) and C.P. (born c1811, Vermont); eldest of two boys and two girls. In 1850, Erastus was a farmer with $1500 in real estate.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #204: 249.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #349: 144.

Ichabod (1856)


Mary Alice Iles (1854; born 11 November 1842, Midway, Kentucky; died 6 July 1926, Georgetown, Kentucky) Daughter of Thomas Jefferson (born 17 March 1811, Boone co., Kentucky; died 27 October 1889, Davenport, Iowa) and Maria Louisa Nuckols (born 25 February 1824, Kentucky; died 14 December 1865, Davenport, Iowa); older sister of seven boys. Married 29 July 1862, Richard Henry Shropshire (died July 1909); three daughters. A land-owning physician worth $36,000 in 1860, Thomas owned three slaves in 1850 and 10 in 1860. Mary attended Daughters College in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, around 1860. When the Civil War broke out, Dr. Iles moved to Davenport, Iowa, so his sons would not be forced to fight for the South; Mary and her husband moved with them. After the death of her mother, Mary acted as the mother of her younger brothers. Richard farmed for a while; in 1884 the family moved to Springfield, Illinois, where he was a salesman with the John Deere Company. After he retired in 1903, the family moved to Georgetown, Kentucky.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #222: 447; reel #228: 657.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #400: 846; reel #406: 494, 448-489.

• T625. 1920 United States Census; reel #598: ED148, sheet 5, line 88.

• William E. Railey. History of Woodford County. Frankfort, Kentucky: Roberts Printing Co., 1928. (Reprinted); p. 96.

• Sue Iles. E-mail correspondence, 18 September 1999, 19 September 1999.

• Sue Iles. Family history.

• G. Barrett Rich. E-mail correspondence, 20 September 1999.

Infanta (1850, from Milwaukee, Wisconsis) Authored five pieces in 1850 and 1851


Irænus (1856)


Isabel (1856, from Kalamazoo, Michigan)


Isabella (1850-1851, from Fincastle, Virginia; born c1838)


J. (1852, from Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts)


C. W. J. (1857, probably 1862-1863; from Kingsboro, New York)

1857.2.184b (note)

Susan H. J.: Susan H. Johnson (1848; born c1838, Colville, New York) Daughter of Baker (born 23 October 1803, Littleton, New Jersey; died 18 October 1886, Wisconsin) and Electa J. King (born c1813, New Jersey; died 14 April 1887, Wisconsin); eldest of five girls and four boys, two of whom died as young children. Baker was a Presbyterian minster; as a result the family moved several times: after a year in New York City and a year in Fayetteville, North Carolina, the family spent two years in Harmony, New Jersey, and five in Greenville, New York, before being posted to Smithfield, Pennsylvania. In June, 1854 or 1855, they moved to Portage, Wisconsin, where Baker taught at a parochial school for a year before moving the family to Oxford, Wisconsin. Here he owned 360 acres, on which his sons ran a farm while he ministered. Susan was from 1887 to 1893 principal of the Oswego College for Young Ladies established by the Neosho Presbytery in Oswego, Kansas, where she lived until 1896; after this, she may have lived in Steubenville, Ohio.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #288: 70.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #798: 131.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1419: 157-158.

Portrait and Biographical Album of Green Lake, Marquette, and Waushara Counties. Chicago: Acme Publishing Company, 1890; p. 529.

• Fran Sprain. Places and Faces in Marquette County, Wisconsin. Westfield, Wisconsin: Isabella Press, 1991; p. 139-142.

• Oswego, Kansas, Presbyterian Church. Church Register; p. 40.

• Nelson Case, comp. History of Labette County, Kansas. Chicago, Illinois: Biographical Publishing Co., 1901; p. 199-200.

James (1848)


James (1858)


Jasper; Sam Slick (1861-1870) at least one brother, Tommy, another subscriber. A sailor on the U. S. S. Potomac during the Civil War; he was home on furlough in 1863

1862.1.27b1862.1.187-1881865.1.88-891865.1.122b1865.2.261865.2.1541865.2.1841867.2.62 (note) • 1867.2.91

Reaction to letter, 1865.1.154

See also, Tennessean

Robert Merry’s Museum: 1863.2.92; 1861.1.88

Charles Jewett (1854-1855; born 27 April 1843, Weybridge, Vermont; died 30 May 1892, California) Son of Solomon Wright (born 27 May 1808, Vermont) and Mary Catherine (born 6 July 1819, Vermont); sixth of four girls and three boys. Married 19 January 1869, May H. Knight; three girls and a boy. Solomon was a farmer with land worth $27,700 in 1850. In 1856, the family moved to Racine, Wisconsin, where Charles went to public school; in 1860 he had $50 in personal property. On 24 April 1869, he enlisted in Co. F, 2nd Wisconsin Volunteers, which became part of the Iron Brigade. Charles was wounded in the first and second battles at Bull Run; in the first, he was one of the last to leave the field, staying back to help a friend. Charles also fought at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, where he was wounded. After a year recuperating, Charles re-elisted as first lieutenant, Co. F, 39th Wisconsin Volunteers. After the War, Charles was in the Regular Army from 1866 to 1877; the names of his children reflect the family’s travels: Josephine Antonia was born at Ft. Antonia, Texas; Russell McIntosh was born at Ft. McIntosh, Texas; Agnes Roxbury was born in Boston; Dorothy Kern was born in Kern Co., California, after Charles retired to a ranch there, where he was a farmer in 1880. He accepted his pension for only a couple years, after which he refused it, saying that the government had paid him enough. Charles drowned in the Kern River, in an unsuccessful attempt to rescue two children.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #920: 217.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1427: 62-63.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #66: ED17 sheet 20, line 1.

• Frederic Clarke Jewett. History and Genealogy of the Jewetts of America. New York: Grafton Press, 1908; vol 1: 284; vol 2: 731, 734-736.

Jim (1861-1869, from Baltimore)

1861.2.92-931862.1.187 and note • 1862.2.122-123

Reaction to letter, 1862.2.28

Mentioned, 1862.2.61

R. N. John (1853-1855)


Johnny Jump-up (1862-1863)


Mentioned, 1862.2.122-123

C. W. Johnson (1859)


Emmie M. Johnson (1856-1859; born 1846?); one of several children. She may have been related to Caleb W., who also wrote to the Chat. [Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1856.1.125


Reaction to letter, 1859.2.126-127

Bessie Johnston (1859-1860, from Baltimore); at least one brother


Jolly Jingle (1864-1867) Author of seven pieces between 1863 and 1867

1864.2.62 (note) • 1864.2.921867.1.122 (note) • 1867.2.60a (note) • 1867.2.931867.2.157

Mentioned, 1865.1.1531865.2.26

Josephine (1852, from Murfreesboro, Tennessee)


Josephus (1856, from Chicago)


Josie (1861-1867)


Reaction to letter, 1862.1.186

Julia (1854; born c1847); at least one younger sister


Julia (1857, from Ashtabula, Ohio)


Juno (1864-1866)


E. B. K.: Emily Barsina Ketchum (1852; born 13 November 1840, Fayette co., Tennessee; died 1917, Norfolk, Virginia) Daughter of Levi (born c1798, Kentucky; died 9 June 1867, Tennessee) and Barsina Black (died 1 July 1842); sixth child of four boys and three girls. Married 1858, Alexander Compton Ewell (born 27 October 1837, Virginia; died 4 November 1878, Memphis, Tennessee); a boy and four girls. The Ketchums were housed, first, in a log cabin, then in a three story brick mansion, both built by Levi. A farmer, Levi owned 15 slaves in 1840 and 30 in 1850. Two years after Barsina died in childbirth, with a daughter, Levi married Georgianna Walker (born c1823); they had six children. Alexander, a doctor, owned land; between them, in 1860 he and Emily owned 20 slaves. He died during a typhoid epidemic. Emily moved her family to Norfolk City, Virginia, between 1880 and 1900.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #521: 137.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #877: 299; reel #903: 187.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1248: 506; reel #1282: 172.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #1280: ED146, 26, 6.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #1735: ED92, 4, 64.

• James Ewell. Ketchum family tree and personal letter, 1992.

F. H. K. (1852, from Marietta, Ohio); at least one older brother and sister


R. F. K. (1857)


William K.; Willie K—r: William Kenner (1849-1851; born c1838, Louisiana) Son of Minor (born c1803, Louisiana; died 1864) and Eliza Davis (born c1820, Louisiana); eldest of three boys and a girl. Minor was a planter, owning adjoining sugar plantations—Belle Grove and Pasture—between the Mississippi River and Lake Ponchartrain; in 1850 the combined real estate was worth $170,000. The 110 slaves he kept in 1840 had almost doubled in 1850 to 207. In the 1850s, Minor founded the town of Kennerville on Pasture Plantation, becoming its first postmaster and naming Daniel, William, Minor, and Maria Streets after his children.


As William K.: 1851.1.94

• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #130: 235.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #233: 74; reel #244: 369-370.

Plantations on the Mississippi River: Natchez to New Orleans, 1858. Np: Pelican Pub., 1967.

• Betsy Swanson. Historic Jefferson Parish from Shore to Shore. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Co., 1975; pp. 74, 108.

• M841. Records of Appointments of Postmasters, 1832-30 September 1971. RG 28 (Louisiana).

• Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. District Court. Succession and probate records of Jefferson Parish, 1827-1899.

Kate (1852, from Wisconsin)


Frank E. Kellogg (1855-1856; born 5 December 1841, Kellogg’s Corners, Wisconsin; died 1901) Son of Seth Helmont (born 14 November 1802, Goshen, Connecticut; died 24 July 1867, Racine, Wisconsin) and Electa Stratton Washburn (born 12 November 1805, New Haven, Connecticut; died 17 September 1868, Racine, Wisconsin); one of 10 children, one of whom died in early childhood. Married Kate Hall; two girls and a boy. The Kelloggs—including Seth’s father and mother—moved to Wisconsin in 1837 and settled Kellogg’s Corners, 10 miles from Racine; Seth’s five brothers eventually followed. In Connecticut and in Wisconsin, Seth was a farmer; he also wrote poems for periodicals. In 1870, Frank was a hardware dealer in Boise, Idaho, with personal property worth $3000. Later he went into the insurance business.


Mentioned, 1857.1.93

• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #580: 77.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #1000: 280.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #185: 29.

Portrait and Biographical Album of Racine and Kenosha Counties, Wisconsin. Chicago: Lake City Publishing Co., 1892; p. 206.

• Timothy Hopkins. The Kelloggs in the Old World and the New. San Francisco: Sunset Press, 1903; vol 1: 467-468, 1105.

Kitty Clover (1864-1865)


Knippiniphidgette No. 2 (1858)


Know-Nothing (1856)


E. L. (1841)


H. P. L. (1853, from Tewksbury)


Kitty L. (1869)


L. E. L.: probably Lucy E. Leiper (1852; born c1843, Tennessee) Daughter of John (born c1810, Pennsylvania) and Elizabeth A. Rucker (born c1821, Tennessee); only sister of four boys. Married 7 November 1865 Thomas B. Darragh (born c1843, Kentucky); at least one boy. John, a merchant with real estate worth $43,000 in 1850 and personal property worth $15,000 in 1870, was an alderman in Murfreesboro in 1839 and 1846-48. Thomas was a lawyer; in 1870 he was mayor of Murfreesboro.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #894, 356.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #1557: 39.

• Edyth Rucker Whitley, comp. Marriages of Rutherford County, Tennessee, 1804-1872. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1981; p. 168.

• Deane Porch, comp. “Tombstone Inscriptions of Evergreen Cemetery, Murfreesboro, Tennessee”; p. 5.

• John C. Spence. Annals of Rutherford County [Tennessee]. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Rutherford County Historical Society, 1991; vol 2: 287, 294.

Thomas L—e (1856)


J—s L—n (1844)


Charlie Laird (1860, from Pleasant Valley)


Imogen L.; Imogen Latham (1855-1861; born 26 January 1846, Tennessee; died 25 January 1920, DC) Daughter of Francis Stanton (born 17 May 1808, New York; died 24 January 1880, Mississippi) and Jane Catherine Smith (born 1818, Tennessee; died 1901, Tennessee); second child of two boys and two girls, one of them Pinckney. Married 24 December 1867, James Southerland (born 24 December 1836, Mississippi; died 9 January 1875, DeSoto co., Mississippi); three girls and a boy. Francis founded two newspapers before become postmaster from 1849 to 1853. He had real estate totalling $12,000 in the 1850 census; then he became a farmer worth about $65,000 in 1860. Imogen was a teacher for 35 years; her pension of $25 per month, combined with James’ lack of property, forced her to apply for a pension as the indigent widow of a Confederate veteran. Her son predeceased her.

As Imogen Latham: 1855.1.58-59

As Imogen L.: 1856.1.186-187

As Imogen Latham: 1861.1.56b1861.2.25

Reaction to letter, 1861.1.156

Mentioned, 1852.1.128a

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #895: 59-60.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1273: 388.

• M841. Records of Appointments of Postmasters, 1832-30 September 1971. RG 28; reel #120.

• Edward Kinsey Voorhees, comp. Notes on the Southerland, Latham, and Allied Families. Np: np, 1931; pp. 18, 62-6.

• Tennessee. “Tennessee Confederate Soldiers’ Pension Applications.” Microfilmed Tennessee Library & Archives. Nashville, Tennessee; #4421.

P. L.; Pinckney Latham (1854-1862; born 15 September 1839, Memphis, Tennessee; died 10 January 1914, Los Angeles, California) Son of Francis Stanton (born 17 May 1808, New York; died 24 January 1880, Mississippi) and Jane Catherine Smith (born 1818, Tennessee; died 1901); eldest child of two boys and two girls, one of them Imogen. Married 1869, Mary Elizabeth Vanco; four children. Pinckney enlisted as a private in the 4th Regiment Tennessee Volunteers on 15 May 1861 and served here or at the A. A. General’s Office until he was captured in Desoto County, Mississippi, on 12 February 1865. Pinckney became a store bookkeeper in Memphis; in 1900 he owned a home on Madison Ave. He and Mary had two sons and two daughters—one named for Imogen.


As Pinck: 1860.2.157

Satirized, 1855.1.58-59

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #895: 59-60.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1273: 388.

• M841. Records of Appointments of Postmasters, 1832-30 September 1971. RG 28; reel #120.

• M268. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Tennessee; #131.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #1278: ED119, sheet 5, line 16.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #1599: ED110, sheet 2.

• Edward Kinsey Voorhees, comp. Notes on the Southerland, Latham, and Allied Families. Np: np, 1931; p. 65.

Laura; Constant Reader: probably Laura Almira Chapman (1842-1844; born 27 September 1822, Springfield, Massachusetts) Daughter of James (born 1781, Bolton, Connecticut; died 8 March 1847, Springfield, Massachusetts) and Ethelinda (born 1784, Bolton, Connecticut; died 6 August 1857, Springfield, Massachusetts); Laura had at least one brother and one sister. Married William Barlow, 15 July 1841. James was in manufacturing and trade in 1840 and was a gardener in 1847.


As Constant Reader, 1844.1.126-128

Mentioned, 1846.1.59-60

• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #186: 47.

• Springfield, Massachusetts. “Vital Records of Springfield, Massachusetts, 1638-1887.”: “Births” 3: 178, 224. “Marriages” 3: 341. “Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1843-1849” 3: 333, #215. “Deaths” vol 4: 53, #269, #273.

• Hampden County, Massachusetts. Probate court. Probate packet #2428.

Hattie Lee: Harriet M. Lee (born abt 1841); married 23 January 1865 Eugene H. Fales (born 1840/1843, Thomaston, Maine; died 12 July 1868, St. Paul, Minnesota); one son, apparently died as an infant. In 1872, Hattie lived in New York City, New York.

Mentioned, 1864.1.1251864.2.88a1865.1.25-261865.1.88-891865.1.921865.1.187a1865.2.184-185

• RG 15. Records of the Veterans Administration, pension certificate #160591

• St. Paul, Minnesota. “Mortuary Register, 1866-1884.” Public Health Center, St. Paul; vol 1: 15, 119.

Eula Lee (1865-1867) Authored 13 pieces between 1865 and 1867


Leila (1857, from New Iberia, Louisiana); at least one sister. Author of two pieces in 1858 and 1859


Lelia (1854, from Ingleside)


Leslie (1859-1866, from Green Point) Authored two works in 1864


Liberty (1862-1867)


Stella Lightner (1861)

Quoted, 1861.1.32 (note) • 1861.2.92 (note)

Lillie (1857)


Grace Maria Linton (1853, from New Bedford)


Jessie Linwood (1861-1863, from South Portsmouth, Rhode Island); at least one brother. Author of a piece in 1861.


Reaction to letter, 1861.2.155-156

Lottie (1858, from Tremainsville, Ohio)


Robert H. Loughridge: Robert Hill Loughridge (1857-1861; born 9 October 1843, Creek Nation, Koweta Mission; died 1916/1917, Waco, Texas) Son of Robert McGill (born 24 December 1809, South Carolina; died 7 or 8 July 1900) and Olivia D. Hill (died 17 September 1845, Creek Nation). Married 19 October 1886, Bessie May Webb (died 1895) Robert was born in a 12' x 14' cabin on the Arkansas Reservation, where his father was a popular Presbyterian missionary. Olivia died following the birth on 5 September 1845 of Olivia Diantha, who died in September 1846—the year Robert McGill married Mary Avery (died 1850). In 1848 the family moved to the Creek Mission at Tallahassee. The mission included a boarding school for Creek boys and girls; his father was fluent in Muskoge, so Robert H. probably was at least bilingual. Widowed again, Robert McGill married Harriet Johnson (born Massachusetts; died 23 May 1900) on 5 October 1853; they had two girls and two boys. With the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861, the Mission was abandoned and the Loughridges returned east. Robert H. enlisted in Co. H, 13 Tennessee Infantry, on 7 March 1862; he was transferred to Co. L on May 1. Sometime before the end of Aug, he was wounded and remained on wounded furlough well into 1863. On 13 June 1863 he was detailed in the Atlanta Hospital; Robert nursed the wounded at the division hospital near the battlefield of Chickamauga, Tennessee, in September 1863. Robert graduated from the University of Mississippi in 1872 and was Assistant State geologist in Mississippi, Georgia, and Kentucky before becoming professor of agriculture at the University of South Carolina and professor emeritus of agricultural chemistry at the University of California—Berkeley. In 1900, Robert lived in Alameda County, California.


• Robert McGill Loughridge. Robert McGill Loughridge papers, Office of Presbyterian History, Presbyterian Church (U. S. A. ), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Repr. American Indian Correspondence. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1978.

• Ethel McMillan. “Women Teachers in Oklahoma, 1820-1860.” Chronicles of Oklahoma (1949): 2-40; p. 26.

• Board of Foreign Missions. Twenty-fifth Annual Report of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church. New York: np, 1862; p. 15.

Who Was Who in America. Chicago: Marquis-Who’s Who, nd. Historical Vol: 322.

Louisa (1846)


Louise (1858-1859, from Jerseyville)


Lillian Loyle (1854, from Hopedale Hall)


Lucy (1857-1860, from Santiam, Oregon) Perhaps author of “Acrostic” (Robert Merry’ Museum, 1860); “April Showers” (Robert Merry’ Museum, 1862)

1857.2.911858.1.91-921860.2.89-90 (note)

Lula (1868, from Mississippi)


M. (1852, from Auburn)


A. E. M. (1849, from Cambridgeport)


A. P. M. (1846; born 18 April 1835)


Charles E. M.: probably Charles Elliot Mitchell (1850; born 10 or 11 May 1837, Bristol, Connecticut; died 1911) Son of George H. (born June 1810, Connecticut) and Lurene Hooker (born 4 November 1810, Connecticut; died 29 October 1877); middle of three boys. Married 13 December 1866, Cornelia A. Chamberlain; three boys. George was a merchant and the postmaster of Bristol with $1000 in real estate in 1850. Charles grew up in Bristol, Connecticut, studying for college while working for his father in the post office After a year at Williston Seminary, he attended Brown University, graduating in 1861, and becoming principal of Bristol High School; he then entered Albany Law School, from which he graduated in 1864. Charles moved from practicing general law to patent law. He was City Attorney of New Britain, Connecticut, 1870-1872, a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives, 1880-1881, and Commissioner of Patents, 1889-91; he practiced law in New York—often for General Electric Company—before becoming president of Stanley Rule & Level Company in 1902.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #23: 90.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #40: 374.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #98: ED21, 3.

Commemorative Biographical Record of Hartford County, Connecticut. Chicago: Beers, 1901; vol 2: 1423.

• New Britain, Connecticut. City Clerk’s Office. Record of Births in the Town of New Britain; pp. 26, 94, 161.

Who Was Who in America. Chicago: Marquis-Who’s Who, nd; vol 1: 849.

• N. G. Osborn, ed. Men of Mark in Connecticut. Hartford, Connecticut: Wm. R. Goodspeed, 1906; vol 1: 479-481.

D. G. M.: Darius G. Maynard (1852; born 1840, Vermont; died 10 June 1897, Lowell, Vermont) Son of Ulrich (born 1799; died 29 January 1891) and Olive Branch (born 1800; died 2 May 1892). Married 18 August 1860, Diantha Almeda Norris (died 23 August 1924, Vermont); at least five children. Ulrich was a Congregational minister. As an adult, Darius was six feet tall, with dark hair and gray or grayish-blue eyes; a private in Co. B Vermont Infantry from August 1862 to July 1863, he was a private in Co. L, 1st Vermont Cavalry from 3 January 1864 to 9 August 1865. During his service, he suffered a dislocated shoulder when he was thrown from his horse; this injury plagued him for the rest of his life, undermining his health. Darius was a farmer when he died of “heart failure caused by continued fever.”


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #927: 196.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #1346: ED161 sheet 6, line 1.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #1597: ED63 sheet 17B.

• T624. 1910 United States Census; reel #1520: ED144 sheet 1.

• T625. 1920 United States Census; reel #1765: ED215 sheet 4B.

Castleton Cemetery Inscriptions, Rutland County, Vermont, transc. Margaret R. Jenks. Richardson, Texas: Margaret R. Jenks, 1989; pp. 13-14.

• M123. Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War; reel #105, Lowell: 2.

• Vermont. Secretary of State. General Index to Vital Records of Vermont, 1871-1908.

• RG 15. Records of the Veterans Administration; pension #205849, #466119.

Katie M. (1867)


L. S. M. (1871, from Salem)


Mamie E. M. (1862-1865, from Brooklyn)


Mary A. M. (1865, from Newark, New Jersey)


R. H. M. (1857, from Silver Lake)


Iva MacGregor (1865): apparently knew Fleta Forrester.

1865.1.187a (note)

Maggie (1857, from Columbia)


Mamie (1863-1867)


Manus (1864, from Binghamton); attended the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, in 1864


Mar (1860, from Oakhill, Virginia); a girl; at least one younger sibling


Marcellus (1849)


Marcus (1864, from Pennsylvania, Philadelphia)

1864.2.62 (note)

Margaret (1842)


Maria (1858, St. Clairsville, Ohio)

Mentioned, 1858.2.155-156

Marie (1858, from Beechgrove, Iowa); at least one brother


Marietta: Marietta E. Lane (1853; born 27 August 1843, Damariscotta, Maine; died 7 February 1930, Damariscotta, Maine) Daughter of Samuel (born 1816, Maine; died 1902, Damariscotta, Maine) and Rebecca C. Little (born 1817, Maine; died 28 April 1879, Damariscotta, Maine); her younger sister was Jane (born 5 February 1853, Damariscotta, Maine; died 30 July 1883, Malden, Massachusetts). Married 26 July 1870, Daniel E. Gamage (born 1841; died 23 September 1906, Damariscotta, Maine); a son and a daughter. Samuel was a ship’s carpenter with real estate worth $1200 in 1870. Before she married, Marietta was a milliner; she is listed as “Etta” on her marriage record. Daniel was a ship’s carpenter.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #260: 437.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #549: 521.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #442: 576.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #483: 464.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #595: ED165, sheet 8, line 87.

• T625. 1920 United States Census; reel #645: ED90, sheet 4A.

• Damariscotta, Maine. Town Clerk. “Marriage records, 1848-1891”.

• Old Bristol, Maine. Vital Records of Old Bristol and Nobleboro, Maine. Np: Maine Historical Society, 1951; vol 1: 241, 244, 435, 436.

Marinus (1857, from Copenhagen)


Frank Marion (1856, from Albion, New York)


Marsena (1858, from Otisville, New York)


Mary (1846, Brooklyn; born 24 February 1839); at least one brother and two sisters, one of whom was born on Mary’s sixth birthday


Mary (1855)


Mary (1855, from Terre Haute)


Mary Lou (1857, from Dresden)


Mattie (1855-1856, from Burlington, Vermont); younger brothers and sisters


Reaction to letter, 1856.2.122b

Schuyler McA. (1857)


George T. McKinney (1862-1868, from New York): he created many puzzles and enigmas for the Museum

1864.1.93 and note

W. P. McMillan: William Potter McMillan (1853-1856; born 12 August 1838, Giles co., Tennessee; died 9 August 1859, Macoupin co., Illinois) Son of Edward (born 23 September 1806, North Carolina) and Mary Ann Brown (born 25 March 1812, Tennessee); fifth of 14 children, four from Edward’s first marriage; three died before age one. Edward was a Presbyterian minister. The McMillans moved to Illinois in 1856 because of Edward’s anti-slavery feelings. Here Edward seems to have done better financially: the value of his real estate in Tennessee was $1200; in Illinois, he was worth $7500, $6400 of it real estate. William was a student when he died of “pulmonary consumption”; he had been ill for 21 months.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #897: 163.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #206: 5.

• Mortality Schedule, 1860 census: Illinois, Macoupin County, Town 10, Range 7.

• Amy McMillan Arnold. E-mail correspondence, 19 September 1999.

Meema (1848, from Paris, France)


Memo (1865; born abt 1854); youngest of at least three children, two of them subscribers Alick and Blue-eyed Minna. Her real name was Anna.


Anecdote and description of, 1855.1.87-881855.2.29a1855.2.29b

L. Lewis Meriam: Laban Lewis Meriam (1845; born 25 January 1836; died 30 July 1844, Tewksbury, Massachusetts) Son of Horatio C. (born c1807, Massachusetts) and Esther L. (born c1811, Massachusetts); eldest of at least seven children. Horatio was a farmer worth at least $10,000 in 1850.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #324: 172.

• Tewksbury, Massachusetts. Vital Records of Tewksbury to the End of the Year 1849. Salem, Massachusetts: Essex Institute, nd; p. 67.

Jerry Miam (1857, from New York)


Mignonette (1859, from New Ipswich, New Hampshire)


Mignonette Wildwood (1863-1865)

1863.2.921864.2.157a (note)

Milwaukee (1872, from Milwaukee)


Minerva (1862-1863, from Green Point) Some of the Cousins living near Manhattan met at her house in the early 1860s.

Mentioned, 1864.2.125

Minna (1854, from Marblehead)


Minna Columbine (1853, from Providence)


Minnie (1859)


Montrose (1865-1869, from Richmond, Virginia)


Louis B. Moore (1857)

Quoted 1859.2.126-127 (note)

T. L. Morrice (1858, from Matherton)


A. N. (1862-1867)

ix, 1863.2.1551867.1.122 (note)

Mentioned, 1863.2.91

Emily N. (1855, from Brooklyn)


George H. N. (1854; born c1843) Perhaps author of “Freedom for All—Birds” (1856)


J. N. (1856-1857)


Lizzie E. N. (1865-1868, from Elmira, New York)


Louisa J. N.: Louisa J. Neal (1850; born 1840, Georgia; died 1918) Daughter of John N. (born 19 September 1796, Warren co., Georgia; died 1886, Fulton, Georgia) and Mary Jane Campbell (born 1817, North Carolina); fourth child of three boys and five girls. Married 2 July 1861, Daniel J. Pittman (born 4 December 1837; died 23 May 1886); at least eight children. A farmer with real estate worth $12,000 in 1850, John owned 23 slaves. In 1858, the family moved to Atlanta, Georgia, where John built a Greek Revival home on the site of what is now Atlanta City Hall. Louisa and Daniel lost two of their sons as toddlers on the same day. Daniel was the Ordinary of Fulton County, Georgia, 1864 to 1881, approving the moving of Fulton County’s records out of Atlanta for safe-keeping while Union troops occupied the city. By this time, John Neal had taken the family back to Zebulon, Georgia; the Neal house, which he had sold at a loss to another judge, was used as the headquarters of General William Tecumseh Sherman. After the War, John repurchased the house, but never again lived in it, building another elsewhere in Atlanta. In 1870, Daniel owned real estate worth $5000.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #48: 120.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #80: 147; reel #94: 385.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #151: 282.

• Stanton David Neal, jr. “Neal Per Stirpes.” Np: np, 1989; vol 2: 163-171.

• Lona McRee Elrod. “Pittman Family Record,” third ed. 1976; vol 1: 59.

• “Pittman-Longshore Families,” comp. Georgia D. A. R.

• Franklin M. Garrett. Atlanta and Environs. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., Inc., 1954; vol 1: 127, 572. vol 2: 127, 638-639.

Nannie Nightingale (1861-1863)


Nell; Nell of B. (1860-1866)


Nellie (1857, from Hazel Dell)


Nellie (1862)

1861.1.88 (note) • 1862.1.88-89

Nippinifidget (1856-1860)


Mentioned, 1857.1.931858.2.60-61

Nonpareil Smallcaps (1849)


R. W. North: Robert Worthington North (1853; born 15 January 1841, Raymond, Mississippi; died 3 May 1884, Rocky Ford, Louisiana) Only son of Nathaniel Greene (born 15 May 1810, Jefferson co., Virginia; died 10 November 1875, Mount Holly, Arkansas) and Mary Morrow Worthington (born c1810, Virginia; died 4 January 1867); he had an older sister who died in 1842. Married 21 January 1874, Mary Amanda Martin (born c1844, South Carolina; died after 1914); two boys and a girl. Nathaniel was licensed as a Presbyterian minister; he also was a printer who edited the Southwestern Farmer in Raymond, Mississippi, and helped to found the New Orleans Picayune and New Orleans Creole. The Norths moved several times, as Nathaniel served churches in New Orleans; Virginia; West Virginia; Maryland; and Arkansas. While the family lived in Charlestown, Virginia, Robert attended the academy there. He also was a member of the local militia group which assisted in the capture of John Brown at Harper’s Ferry in 1859, and which stood guard at his execution; Nathaniel at least attempted to advise Brown on spiritual matters. When the War started, Robert enlisted in Co. B, 12th Virginia Cavalry. After the War, he taught school in Maryland for a few years; then he moved to Rocky Ford, Bossier Parish, Louisiana. In 1880, Robert was listed as a laborer on his father-in-law’s farm; he also taught school until his death.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #237: 69.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #448: ED10, 22.

• Millard Fillmore Stipes. Genealogy and History of the Related Keyes, North and Cruzen Families. Jamesport, Missouri: Millard Fillmore Stipes, 1914; p. 113-117.

James Norton (1844)


W. F. O. (1856-1857): from Birmingham; attended Wesleyan Academy in 1857

1856.2.26-27 (note)

Adelbert Older (1857-1865; born c1841, Wisconsin; died 8 June 1864, Virginia) Son of Amos (born c1808, New York; died before 1882) and Anna (born c1808, New York); fifth child of five boys and a girl. Amos and his father moved to Wisconsin in spring, 1838. Adelbert subscribed to Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet in 1857. Though in 1860 the family lived in northern Illinois, Adelbert listed his residence as Darien, Wisconsin, when he and older brother Henry enlisted in the 15th Illinois Volunteer Infantry on 24 May 1861. This 6-foot, one-half-inch farmboy had brown hair and gray eyes. Adelbert seems to have spent most of his time in the 15th in Missouri; the regiment covered General Sigel’s retreat from Wilson’s Creek and assisted in the capture of 1,300 rebels not far from Sedalia. The regiment spent a severe winter camped at Otterville, Missouri. Adelbert contracted a severe case of chronic diarrhea and was discharged on 28 April 1862. Recovered, he enlisted with younger brother Wallace in the 36th Wisconsin Volunteers on 23 February 1864. The unit was ordered to Washington, DC, before marching to Spottsylvania Court House. Adelbert and Wallace were wounded in action at Turner’s Farm, Virginia; Wallace died that day, while Adelbert lay all night on the battlefield and was captured and taken to Richmond, Virginia, on 2 June. Here he was admitted to Hospital #21, where he died 6 days later, though some records state that he died in Libby Prison on 15 June. Authored 17 pieces, mostly poems, between 1858 and 1865.

1857.2.184a (note) • 1862.1.881862.2.271862.2.122-123 (note)

About, 1864.2.1831865.1.88

Name punned on, 1859.1.189-190

As prisoner of war, 1864.2.183

Mentioned, 1861.2.251862.1.1861863.1.591864.2.157b

Poem published, 1865.1.88

Reaction to letter, 1861.1.184

Death of, 1865.1.881865.1.154

Reaction to death, 1865.1.881865.2.27b

• M704 #580: 210.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #1007: 322.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #157: 559.

History of Walworth County, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1882; p. 733.

• J. N. Reece, comp. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, rev. ed. Springfield: Illinois Miliary & Naval Department, nd.

• Compiled military record.

• Frederick H. Dyer. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959; p. 1687.

Olivia: Catherine Olivia Van Winkle [or Van Wickle] (1851; born 17 December 1834, Louisiana; died 26 May 1896) Daughter of Stephen (born 6 January 1798, New Jersey; died 31 December 1878, Louisiana) and Adele Morgan (born 1 March 1810, Louisiana; died 7 May 1839, Louisiana); middle of three girls; a brother died in infancy. Married 28 March 1853, Jacob Lafayette Mathews (born c1827; died 1 January 1884); 10 children. Stephen became a planter in Louisiana, besides being post master of Pt. Coupee in the 1820s; in 1850 he owned three tracts of land worth $30,000. One was a plantation—probably a sugar plantation—called the “Hermitage.” After Adele’s death, Stephen did not remarry. In 1840 and 1850 he owned about 57 slaves. After their marriage, Olivia and Jacob lived at the “Hermitage,” where, in 1860 Jacob listed himself as a planter with real estate worth $51,000. Olivia was buried in St. Francisville.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #130: 194.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #239: 22; reel #245: 691.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #414: 854.

• Judy Riffel, ed. A History of Pointe Coupee Parish and Its Families. Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Le Comite des Archives de la Louisiane, 1983; pp. 32, 274.

• Point Coupee, Louisiana. Marriage licenses, 1835-1915; license #272.

• James Hugh Aiken. “Manuscript Records of the Van Wickle and Morgan Families.” Philadelphia: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, nd; pp. 34-35, 73, 75-76.

1/20,000 (1858-1859) The name referred to the number of subscribers to the Museum, which editors usually put at 20,000. The subscriber started college in October 1858.


Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1859.1.92

Oliver Onley (1857-1864, from Boston, Massachusetts) served in the military during the Civil War; he may have been in the cavalry. In 1863, home from the Army to recuperate from an “internal injury,” he accompanied John N. Stearns and others, who were traveling Nova Scotia for a temperance meeting. Authored four pieces in 1858 and 1859.


Image of, 1861.2.23-24

Mentioned, 1860.1.123a1862.1.1861861.2.1821864.2.123-1241865.1.88-89

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1863.2.57

Operator (1865)


Oscar (1857, from Brooklyn)


Osceola (1863-1868) In 1863 he may have been part of the 56th New York National Guard Infantry, mustered in for 30 days service on 18 June 1863; marched to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, to join the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Department of the Susquehanna, the regiment was mustered out 24 July 1863. Osceola may have served aboard a supply ship, the U. S. S. Courier, in 1864.


Mentioned as Union soldier, 1863.2.59

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1864.1.93.

• Frederick H. Dyer. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959; p. 1425.

Out West Boy (1864-1868, from Illinois)


A. P. (1846, from Franklin, St. Mary’s Parish, Attakapas County, Louisiana)


Edward E. P. (1844; from Rock River, Illinois) Brother of S. Adaline


Edway B. P. (1844) from Middlebury, Vermont


Fanny E. P. (1845-1846)


George P.: perhaps George Pattison (1849; born c1838, Tennessee) Son of George (born c1801, Pennsylvania) and Sally (born c1811, Kentucky); fourth of seven boys and a girl. George, sr., was a bookeeper who owned three slaves—two of them children—in 1850.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #895: 50; reel #906: 607.

I. D. P. (1849; born c1839)


J. M. P. (1845-1846)


Louisiana P.: Louisiana A. Perkins (1852; born c1840, Louisiana) Daughter of William W. (born 12 June 1818, Dover, New Hampshire; died 18 September 1863) and Harriet (born c1816, Ohio); third child of six girls and three boys. Married 4 August 1858, Berent Thomson (died 17 May 1865). William was owner and master of various schooners, beginning in 1835. In 1850 he was listed as a sailor with eight slaves and with real estate worth $3,500; William was listed as a lake captain worth about $5,000 in 1860. Berent was washed overboard during a hurricane off the Cape of Good Hope. Louisiana was not the only child in the family with a geographical name: America (a girl) was born in 1857.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #129: 158.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #241: 265; reel #247: 285.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #425: 315.

Ship Registers and Enrollments of New Orleans, Louisiana, comp. Louisiana Works Progress Administration. University, Louisiana: Hill Memorial Library, Louisiana State University, 1941-.

• St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. “Marriage Record”; vol 1: 319-320.

Saint Tammany Parish Louisiana Cemetery Records, comp Dolores Butler and Doris Holden. Np: np, 1979; vol 2: 192.

• Berent Thomson obituary. The New Orleans Times 20 Aug 1865: 6.

M. S. P. (1852, from Brooklyn)


Mary J. P.: perhaps Mary J. Pass (1854; born c1842, Maine) Daughter of David (born c1798, New Hampshire) and Mary J. (born c1813, Maine); second of a boy and three girls. David was a farmer with real estate worth $1200 and personal property worth $700 in 1860.


• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #434: 471.

Mary W. P. (1857, from Aberdeen, Mississippi)


P. A. P.: Phebe Alexander Preston (1851; born 12 August 1840, Lexington, Virginia; died 5 August 1873, Lexington, Virginia) Daughter of John Thomas Lewis (born 25 April 1811, Virginia; died 15 July 1890, Lexington, Virginia) and Sarah Lyle Caruthers (born Virginia; died 4 January 1856, Lexington, Virginia); third child of six boys and three girls, one of whom died at age 5. Married 17 October 1871, Edmund R. Cocke. John was co-founder of and professor at the Virginia Military Institute; Robert E. Lee was a friend of the family before becoming related by marriage. After Sarah died in childbirth, John married Margaret Junkin (born c1825; died 23 March 1897, Maryland) on 3 August 1857. They had two sons. A poet, Margaret knew Whittier, Longfellow, and Elizabeth Barrett Browning. John was stationed away from his family during the Civil War, but Margaret proved more than capable in his absence, going to great lengths to hide arms and uniforms from Union troops who searched the family home in 1864. Two of Phebe’s brothers died during the War; a third died later as a result of his wounds.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #973: 466; reel #993: 203.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1378: 7-8; reel #1396: 195.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #1675: 465.

National Cyclopedia of American Biography. New York: J. T. White, 1898; vol 28: 245.

• Elizabeth Preston Allan. The Life and Letters of Margaret Junkin Preston. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1903; p. 194-196.

• “Jackson Memorial Survey, Complete to 1960.” Comp. William Couper; pp. 24-25.

Rockbridge County Marriages, 1851-1885. Comp. Louise M. Perkins. Signal Mountain, Tennessee: Mountain Press, 1989; p. 75.

• Henry Boley. Lexington in Old Virginia. Richomond, Virginia: Garrett & Massie, 1936; p. 179.

• Angela M. Ruley, comp. Rockbridge County, Virginia: Death Register, 1853-1870; Death Certificates, 1912-1917. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Publishing Co., 1991; pp. 52, 141, 142.

S. Adaline P. (1844; from Rock River, Illinois) Sister of Edward E.


V. M. P.: probably Vincent M. Porter (1852; born c1841, New York; died 26 May 1899, Niagara, New York) Son of Albert H. (born c1802, New York; died 8 August 1899, Niagara, New York) and Julia Matthews (born c1808, New York; died 26 November 1889, Niagara, New York); third child of two boys and two girls. Married 10 June 1895, Bertha S. Kirkpatrick. Albert was a manufacturer with real estate worth $30,000 in 1850.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #311: 11.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #561: 254.

• “Vital Statistics: Births, Marriages, Deaths.” Card file, Niagara Falls Public Library, Niagara Falls, Niagara County, New York.

Wm. P—l: William M. Pearl (1850; born June 1835, Connecticut) Son of Elam (born c1807, Connecticut) and Lucy R. (born c1800, Connecticut); eldest of at least two boys and a girl. Married c1857; at least one son. Elam was a farmer with real estate worth $2300 in 1850. William became a clergyman. In 1900, he lived in Hartford, Connecticut.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #24: 299.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #50: 274.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #138: ED183, sheet 4, line 11.

E. R. P—r (1845)


R. A. P—r, Jr.: Robert A. Parker, jr (1850; born 19 November 1836, Fayette co., Tennessee; died 29 December 1928, Memphis, Tennessee) Son of Robert A. (born c1810, North Carolina) and Laura Minter (born c1812, Kentucky); eldest of 11 children. Married Sarah Flowers (born born c1841; died 28 January 1922, Memphis, Tennessee); at least one daughter and three sons. The family moved to Memphis, Tennessee, in 1841. Robert, Sr., was a merchant. The Parker family home was a two-story brick house containing 10 rooms, on seven acres of land; the Parkers owned several slaves who worked in the house. Robert was educated for 9 years in both public and private schools. After his older brother went off to the University of Tennessee, Robert took his place in the family business, which he seems to have kept until 1861 and the outbreak of civil war; Robert by this time owned his own home, which he sold for $5,000 before enlisting in the army. During the war Robert served as a clerk and storekeeper in the commissary; he served in the Ordnance Department for the last three years of the War. Robert discharged himself on 1 May 1865 after Columbus, Georgia, had been taken in April; he made the trip home to Memphis on a two-mule wagon. After the War he lived in Memphis except for a few years in New Orleans, working as a bookkeeper and a bank cashier; he also went into business with his son, representing several insurance companies. Robert was buried in Elmwood Cemetery.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #895: 47; reel #906: 607.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1273: 403; reel #1285: 143.

• Gustavus W. Dyer and John Trotwood Moore, comp. The Tennessee Civil War Veterans Questionnaires. Ed. Colleen Morse Elliott and Louise Armstrong Moxley. Easley, South Carolina: 1985; pp. 1686-1687.

Long’s Memphis Directory. Memphis, Tennessee: Blelock & Co., 1865-1866.

Halpin’s City Directory, Memphis. Memphis, Tennessee: Bulletin Publishing Co., 1867.

Edwards’ Memphis Directory. Memphis, Tennessee: Southern Publishing Co., 1868-1871. Annual.

Boyle & Chapman’s Memphis City Directory. Memphis, Tennessee: Boyle & Chapman, 1872-1876. Annual.

Sholes’ Directory of the City of Memphis. Memphis, Tennessee: various, 1877-1885. Annual.

Dow’s City Directory of Memphis. Np: np, 1886-1892. Annual.

R. L. Polk & Co. ’s Memphis Directory, Np: R. L. Polk & Co., 1892-1907. annual.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #1279: ED145, 39.

• Tennessee. State Board of Health. Deaths, 1914-1942; 1928, death certificate #3044; 1922, file #244.

S. P—t (1844)


Edward Winslow Paige (1857; born c1844 New York; died after 1917) Son of Alonzo Christopher (born 31 July 1797, New York; died 31 March 1868) and Harriet Bowers Mumford (born c1809, New York; died 31 March 1867); younger brother of four girls and three boys, two of whom died before age 5. A member of the New York state senate before Edward was born, in 1850 Alonzo was a New York state supreme court judge, with real estate worth $20,000; in 1860 he was worth $78,000, $60,000 of it in real estate. Edward also became a lawyer, graduating from Union College in 1864. He practiced in New York City until moving to Schenectady, New York, in 1917.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #594: 113.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #858: 77.

Appleton’s Cyclopaedia of American Biography, ed. James Grant Wilson and John Fiske. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1888. (Repr. Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1968).

• Donald A. Keefer, comp. “Newspaper Marriage, Death Notices from 19th-Century Schenectady Newspapers.” 1969; vol 1: 178; vol 2: 58; vol 4: 196, 276; vol 6: 19, 41.

• Austin A. Yates. Schenectady County, New York. Np: New York History Co., 1902; p. 458.

Who’s Who in New York City and State, rev. ed. New York: L. R. Hamersly Co., 1905; p. 680.

Directory of New York City. New York: R. L. Polk & Co., 1915-1917. Annual.

Pansy: Frances Adeline Seward (Fanny Seward) (1856-1858; born 9 December 1844, Auburn, New York; died 29 October 1866, Washington, DC; buried Auburn, New York) Daughter of William Henry Seward (born 16 May 1801, Florida, New York; died 10 October 1872) and Frances Adeline Miller Seward (born 1805; died 1865); three older brothers. After four years as governor of New York, Seward was a U. S. Senator from 1849 to 1861, after which he served as Secretary of State under Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. Fanny divided her time between Auburn, New York, and Washington, DC. Her father encouraged an interest in books and an inevitable interest in politics: he took her with him as he campaigned for Lincoln in 1860 and allowed her to attend dinner parties given for politicians and diplomats in Washington. In 1863, he suggested she join a group visiting the Army of the Potomac, then camped near Fredericksburg, Virginia; subscriber Oliver Onley may have been among the soldiers visited. Shy Fanny was more comfortable with her family, her books, her pets, and her writing than she was as the daughter of an important statesman; however, in her teens Fanny gradually learned to serve as hostess at her father’s weekly receptions. From 1858 to 1866, Fanny kept a diary detailing daily life and offering an intimate view of Washington, DC, during the Civil War. She had a lively style and an instinct for the most telling details. Fanny was with her father when he was injured on 5 April 1865 and was nursing him when Lewis Powell stormed into the room to assassinate him the night of 14 April 1865; when Powell was arrested, she helped to identify him as her father’s would-be assassin. Always physically delicate, Fanny succumbed to tuberculosis. Author of five works between 1856 and 1858. My thanks to Trudy Krisher for pointing out the identity of this subscriber.


• “Gov. Seward’s Tour.” Ohio State Journal [Columbus, Ohio] 50 (11 Sept 1860): 1.

• “The Assault at Gov. Seward’s.” Daily National Intelligencer [Washington, DC] 54 (16 April 1865): 2.

• “The Assault Upon Mr. Seward.” Providence Evening Press [Providence, Rhode Island] 13 (19 May 1865): 3.

• “Further Particulars of the Arrest of One of the Conspirators at Washington.” The Sun [Baltimore, Maryland] 56 (20 April 1865): 1.

• “The Trial Additional Evidence Against the Rebel Leaders.” New York Herald 23 May 1865: 5.

• “Secretary Seward and Family.” Daily National Intelligencer [Washington, DC] 65 (27 July 1865): 3.

• “Washington Items.” Albany Evening Journal [Albany, New York] 26 October 1866: 2.

• “Death of Miss Fanny Seward.” Boston Daily Journal [Boston, Massachusetts] 33 (30 October 1866): 2.

• description of Fanny’s funeral. Albany Evening Journal [Albany, New York] 1 November 1866: 2.

• “Trial of J. M. Surratt.” Richmond Whig [Richmond, Virginia] 40 (25 June 1867): 2.

• “The Attempt to Assassinate Mr. Saward.” San Francisco Bulletin [San Francisco, California] 37 (3 Dec 1873): 1.

• “Saved Seward. Maj. Robinston Tells of His Fierce Battle with Assassins.” Boston Daily Advertiser [Boston, Massachusetts] 170 (21 July 1897): 6.

• Patricia Carley Johnson. “Sensitivity and Civil War: The Selected Diaries and Papers, 1858-1866, of Frances Adeline [Fanny] Seward.” PhD diss. University of Rochester, 1964.

• Deirdre C. Stam. “Growing Up with Books: Fanny Seward’s Book Collecting, Reading, and Writing in Mid-Nineteenth-Century New York State.” Libraries & Culture 41 (Spring, 2006): 189-218.


Jeannie Parker: Jane/ Jeannie Williams Parker (1860-1864; born 15 June 1850, Gouverneur, New York) Daughter of Cornelius A. (born 11 May 1821, New York; died 22 December 1899, Gouverneur, New York) and Jane Ann Williams (born c1827, New York); eldest of two girls and a boy. Cornelius was an attorney worth $154,000 in 1860, though by 1870 his financial worth had shrunk to $8000. Before 1870 Jeannie became a teacher.


Reaction to letter, 1861.1.56-57

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #855: 686.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #1097: 251.

• Gouverneur, New York. City Clerk’s Office. Return of Town Clerk: Births in the Town of Gouverneur … 1850.

• Lee Squire. E-mail correspondence, 6 September 1999.

Lily G. Parley (1860-1861): In 1860 she lived on Olive Street, in St. Louis, Missouri


Pennsylvania Dick (1861-1862, 1864)

Quoted, 1861.1.153-154 (note)

Pertine (1859-1866) She married in 1863. Authored five works between 1863 and 1866.


Mentioned, 1861.1.56b1864.2.621865.1.27

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1863.2.188

Pet (1862)


Reaction to letter, 1862.1.188

Peter T. Scribble-sheet (1850, from Elmira)


Willie Phelps (1858, from Dubuque) He may have subscribed to Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet in 1857.


Phil (1858, from Colchester, New York)


J. L. Pierrepont; James L. Pierrepont (1859, from Missouri)

Mentioned, 1859.2.185a

Carolus Piper (1856, from Bloomfield, New Jersey; 1859) Author of three pieces between 1856 and 1859


Diana Pitchfork (1848)

Mentioned, 1849.1.95

Pontiac (1863-1865)


Lottie E. Porter: from Green Bay, Wisconsin; subscribed to Woodworth’s Youth’s Cabinet ; in 1858 she attended the Hopkins Academy in Hadley, Massachusetts, as she informed readers of the Museum.

Mentioned, 1858.1.122

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1858.1.59

Prairie Chicken (1859-1860, from Fond du Lac)


Prairie Girl (1857, from Gratiot, Wisconsin) Her real name was “Lizzie.”


Puss (1862-1864)


Referred to, 1863.2.92

Addie R. (1852, from Cuddebackville); at least a brother and a sister


E. O. R. (1845-1846); at least one younger sister


Enoch R. (1857, from Moline)


Ethel R.; Smile of the Great Spirit (1858, 1861, from Vicksburg, Mississippi)

As Smile of the Great Spirit: 1858.2.93

As Ethel R.: 1861.1.89-90

Jane R. (1841)


M. A. R. (1849, from Connecticut)


M. H. R. (1849, from Connecticut)


Percy V. R. (1872)

1872.1.243-244 (note)

R. W. R. (1855-1856, from Syracuse) Married before June 1863. In 1860, he was “Our Own Correspondent” for the Daily Times.

1856.2.1211856.2.122-123 (note)

Mentioned, 1855.2.157-158 (note) • 1857.1.59-60

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1863.2.27; 60.1.154

T. H. R.: Thomas H. Rockwood (1848; baptized 11 November 1838, Massachusetts) Son of Harry (born c1810, Massachusetts; died before 1860?) and Susan (born c1820, Ohio or Vermont); second of four boys, two of them twins. Thomas’s older brother may have died before 1850. Thomas was in the hotel for a reason on 1 January 1848: his father was the hotel keeper. In 1860, Susan is listed as an “inn keeper” with personal property worth $20,000; the three boys are listed as clerks.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #41: 621.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #78: 801.

• Amherst, Massachusetts. Town Clerk. Vital and Genealogical Records, 1600-1891; vol 2: 44.

W. A. R. (1863-1867); his last name may have been Rousseau. Authored two pieces in 1865 and 1866.


Mentioned, 1864.2.126-1271865.1.271865.1.187c1865.2.91a

J. R—d (1849, from Craterville)


A Reader (1848)


Ria (1850, from Danvers)


Roguish Kate and Oddity (1865-1870)


Roland (1860-1861, from Sheramoore, Florida)


Rosamond (1858, from Oak Wild Lodge)


Rubie Linden (1864-1869) She wrote as “Lillie Linden” before changing her signature in 1865


Mentioned, 1865.2.26

Fred. (Lieut.) Ryder (1862)


Abby M. S.: Abby Marietta Stearns (1858; born 22 September 1848, New Hampshire; died 29 May 1860, Zumbrota, Minnesota) Daughter of Isaac Crosby (born 28 February 1820, New Hampshire) and Lucy T. Wheeler (born 10 November 1825, New Hampshire; died 10 November 1859, Wisconsin); elder of two girls, both born in New Hampshire. Abby accurately referred to “Robert Merry” as her uncle, as she was a niece of John N. Stearns. In New Ipswich, New Hampshire, Isaac was a farmer with real estate worth $2500; in June 1857, the family joined an influx of settlers moving from New England to the new town of Zumbrota, which then boasted one hotel, a store, and three houses. Here Isaac farmed and led the Congregational choir; he was a member of the County Board of Supervisors and was nominated to the State Legislature. In 1860 he had property worth $8000, $3000 of it in real estate. Abby probably attended Zumbrota’s first school, held by the minister’s daughter in a room on the second floor of the store. Abby was buried in New Ipswich, New Hampshire.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #433: 276.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #570: 531.

• Mrs. Avis Stearns Van Wagenen. Genealogy and Memories of Isaac Stearns and His Descendants. Np: np, nd; vol 1: 542.

Mortality Schedule Minnesota 1860, ed. Ronald Vern Jackson. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, Inc., 1979; p. 6.

Zumbrota, the First 100 Years. Zumbrota, Minnesota: Zumbro Valley Historical Society, 1956; pp. 274-276.

• Christian A. Rasmussen. A History of Goodhue County, Minnesota. Red Wing, Minnesota: Red Wing Printing Co., 1935; p. 252.

• New Hampshire Historical Society. New Ipswich Cemetery Records ; p. 41.

Alick C. S. (1851-1852, from Stillwater)


B. C. S. (1870)


E. C. S. (1850, from Rhinebeck): perhaps Edward Clarence Smith (born 13 May 1835, Palatine, New York; died 29 November 1889, Wallingford, Pennsylvania) Son of Charles Adam (born 25 June 1809, New York, New York; died 15 February 1879, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) and Matilda Lasell (born 3 September 1810, Schoharie, New York; died 24 August 1863, Saratoga Springs, New York); third of six children. Married 15 June 1865, Virginia Allison Toadvin (born 16 September 1845, Salisbury, Maryland); a girl and a boy. Charles was a clergyman. The Smiths apparently lived in New York between 1835 and 1838; in Maryland around 1839, they moved back to New York by 1850. Edward graduated from Williams College, in 1856, and from the Union Theological Seminary. He founded Rugby Academy, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1865, and was its principal until his death.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #497: 521.

• T9. 1880 United States Census; reel #1175: ED262, sheet 8, line 40.

• Emma C. Brewster Jones, comp. The Brewster Genealogy, 1566-1907. New York: The Grafton Press, 1908; vol 2: 399, 829-830.

Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for 1875. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: James Gopsill, 1875.

Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for 1880. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: James Gopsill, 1880.

Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for 1885. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: James Gopsill, 1885.

E. L. S. (1852, from Centreville, Michigan)


F. S. (1851, from Pittsburg)


Flora P. S.: probably Flora Pierpont Stearns (1857-1859, 1863-1867; born 17 August 1849, Lunenberg, Vermont; died 18 July 1927, Hull, England) Daughter of the Reverend Josiah Milton (born 17 June 1818; died 12 June 1853, Brentwood, New York) and Freelove Phillips McIntyre (born 29 January 1822, Massachusetts; died 1882); sister of Charles Cummings and George Milton; Flora was accurate in referring to Robert Merry as her uncle, as she was the niece of John N. Stearns. Married 17 or 29 August 1871, Marcellus Bowen (born 6 April 1846; died 5 October 1916); a boy and a girl. Josiah was a pastor of the Congregational Church. In 1861, Freelove married grocer Charles Boswell (born 6 January 1802; died October 1884), by whom she had two more children. Flora enjoyed skating, riding a horse, coasting, and fishing. Like her mother before her, Flora attended Mt. Holyoke College, Massachusetts, graduating in 1871. Marcellus was Flora’s cousin by marriage. After the birth of Marcellus Pierpont, the family went to Turkey as Presbyterian missionaries in 1874; little Marcellus died in Manissa, Turkey, on 26 July 1874; Lillian McIntyre Bowen was born in Smyrna on 5 September 1877. After his stint in Turkey, Marcellus was the principal of a private school for boys in Hartford, Connecticut, from 1885 to 1888; then he was an agent of the American Bible Society at Constantinople. Flora died at her daughter’s home.


As Flibbertigibbet: 1859.1.156-157

Image of Flibbertigibbet: 1859.1.94

As Flib: 1867.2.92a

Mentioned 1857.2.153-1541858.1.153b1861.1.156

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1863.1.120.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #672: 62.

• Robert Harry McIntire. Descendants of Philip McIntire, rev. ed. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, Inc., 1982; pp. 110, 202-203.

• Mrs. Avis Stearns Van Wagenen. Genealogy and Memories of Isaac Stearns and His Descendants. Np: np, nd; vol 1: 541, 543.

Who Was Who in America. Chicago: Marquis-Who’s Who, nd; vol 1: 121.

Florence S. (1853, from New Haven, Connecticut); at least one sister


H. S. (1855, from Cannelton, Iowa)


H. L. S. (1851, from Brooklyn, Michigan)


Henry R. S. (1850, from Wetumpka, Alabama)


Hiram W. S. (1856, from Union Square)


J. S. (1848)


J. M. S. (1861, from Williamsburgh)


James S. S. (1856, from Mason Village, New Hampshire)


Jane S. (1848, from Lowell, Massachusetts)


L. S. (1841)


Lizzie S. (1855, from Oak Bowery, Alabama) several younger brothers and sisters


M. S. (1845)


Nelly S. (1854, from Marksville, Louisiana)


Thomas L. S. (1842)


Sallie (1856-1859)

Quoted, 1858.1.126c (note)

Sam Acres Maine (1846, from Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania)


Sammy Sassafras (1849)


Sans Souci (1864-1867)


Sans Souci’s Little Brother (1864; born 1858?)


Sasie (1867, from Richmond, Virginia)


Schoolboy (1865, from Nashville, Tennessee)


Scott (1860, from Cheshire)


Shada (1865, from Galesburg)


Sharpshooter (1864, from College Green Barracks)

Mentioned, 1864.2.1581865.1.25

Emma M. Shaw (1859; born c1848, New York) Daughter of S. W. (born c1824, Maine) and Lois M. (born c1822, Maine); eldest of two girls and a boy. In 1853 the family moved—perhaps with S. W.’s father—to Minnesota, where S. W. bought 160 acres near the Mississippi River; part of this land was platted as “Shaw’s Addition to Anoka.” S. W. was a doctor.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #581: 108.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #567: 15.

Anoka County Minnesota 1857 Census. Anoka, Minnesota: Anoka County Genealogical Society, 1992; p. 10.

• Albert M. Goodrich. History of Anoka County. Minnesota: Hennepin Publishing Co., 1905. (repr Np: Anoka Bicentennial Commission, 1976); pp. 51-52.

Lizzie M. Sheffey: Elizabeth Madison Sheffey (1858; born 5 July 1843, Virginia; died 10 May 1875) Daughter of James White (born 1 March 1813, Virginia; died 22 June 1876) and Eleanor Fairman Preston (born 7 November 1812, Virginia; died 10 January 1887); one of six girls and three boys, one of whom died in infancy. Married 24 October 1872, A. G. Pendleton; one son. James, an attorney, had real estate valued at $30,000 in 1850; by 1860 he had 20 slaves (6 apparently at the family house), and $130,000 worth of property, $100,000 in real estate; the value of his real estate had not changed in 1870, when his property was worth $120,000. A. G. was a widower farmer when he married Lizzie.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #976: 226; reel #993: 307.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1377: 1059-1060; reel #1396: 257, 259.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #1679: 48.

Smyth County Families and History. Ed. Jim Presgraves. Wytheville, Virginia: Jim Presgraves, 1974; pp. 37, 39.

Smyth County, Virginia, Cemeteries. Comp. Mack H. Surgill and Kenneth L. Sturgill. Marion, Virginia: Dean Tucker Printing, 1993; pp. 143-44.

• Smyth County, Virginia. County Clerk. “Smyth County, Virginia, Marriage Register #1, 1853-1915; p. 37, line 53.

• Smyth County, Virginia. “Smyth County Register of Births #1, 1857-1885”; p. 108 line 79.

Bob Short (1850, from New York)


Sid (1863, 1865-1867)

Quoted, 1865.1.89-90 (note) • 1865.2.153 (note)

T. Augustus Simpson (1856): friend of Susanna Newbould

Mentioned, 1856.2.26-27

Frank H. Sleeper (1859; born c1847, New York) Son of Reuben (born c1793, New York; died 11 May 1872) and Caroline S. (born c1808, Connecticut); he had an older sister. Reuben was the first president of Mt. Morris village after it was incorporated in 1835; he also opened the first store in the town. A merchant with $6,000 in real estate in 1850, Reuben was in 1860 a bank president with $7,000 in real estate and $7,000 in personal property. He was an abolitionist who kept a way station of the underground railroad.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #524: 82.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #778: 45.

• “Livingston County, New York, Cemetery Records, c1810-1985.”

• Lockwood Doty, ed. History of Livingston County, New York. Jackson, Wisconsin: W. J. Van Deusen, 1905; pt. 1: 794.

George F. Sly (1858, from Cameron Mills)


Samuel S. Smith (1849, from Pittsburg)


Snip (1857, from Elmira)


Frank A. Snow; Frank R. Snow (1856; born c1849, Mississippi) Son of Mark (born c1797, New Hampshire; died 12 May 1866, Auburn, Mississippi) and Derenda (born c1803, Mississippi); youngest of three girls and three boys. Mark was a physician forced to give up his practice after being disabled during a robbery in 1844. In 1850, he owned six slaves and real estate valued at $5,000; in 1860 he owned eight slaves. Frank never married.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #372: 217; reel #385: 225.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #582: 518; reel #597: 273.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #730: 514.

• T625. 1920 United States Census; reel #878: ED23 sheet 13B.

• T623. 1900 United States Census; reel #809: ED65 sheet 7A.

• T624. 1910 United States Census; reel #741: ED10 sheet 19A.

• Hinds County, Mississippi. Chancery Clerk. “Deed Record”; vol 30: 790.

• George Burwell Snow, comp. The Richard Snow Family. Np: np, 1923; p. 185.

Snowflake (1860)

Mentioned, 1861.1.56-57

Softsoap (1868)


Somebody’s Daughter (1858)


Son of the Eastern Star (1859-1861)


Sophie (1861, from Brooklyn)

1861.2.92 and note

Mentioned, 1862.1.58

Southerner (1855)


Charley F. Speck (1863; born c1845, Maryland) Son of Frederick (born c1828, Maryland) and Mary (born c1823, Maryland); eldest of four boys and two girls. Charley began reading the Museum in 1862. A miller, in Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, Frederick was part-owner of a water-powered flour mill that employed three hands and produced 8,000 bbls of wheat, rye, and corn flour per year. Just before Confederate forces invaded southern Pennsylvania in late June 1863, mail service to the area was cut off; Southern forces plundered the area of whatever they could use—from food to clothing and livestock—and so efficiently collected cattle and horses that farm work ceased.


Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1863.1.187.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #298: 286.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1112: 939.

• T1138. Agricultural Census Schedule, 1850, Pennsylvania; reel #7: 1.

• Jacob Hoke. The Great Invasion of 1863. Np: np, nd (Reprinted New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959); pp. 95-95, 113, 177.

Frank A. Spencer (1854, from Cleveland)


John Spicer (1850)


E. L. Starr (1853)


Stranger (1851-1865; died September 1865) Her brother fought for the Union; he was taken prisoner sometime in 1864 or early 1865.


Death of, 1865.2.124

Reaction to death, 1865.2.153

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1865.1.92

Ophelia Strong (1860)


Described, 1860.2.123

A Student (1849, from Bergen, New Jersey)


Stumbler (1862) Author of an article in 1862


A Subscriber (1850)


Subscribers (1849, from Old Church, Virginia)


A Sucker Boy (1849, from Quincy, Illinois)


Eliza J. T. (1849, from La Grange, Kentucky)


Heber T. (1846)


Hobart T. (1846)


J. B. T.: John B. Tolbert (1852; born 6 August 1843, Terre Haute, Indiana; died 19 August 1887, Terre Haute, Indiana) Son of James M. (born c1816, Virginia) and Mary Scantlin (born 25 October 1820, Indiana; died 19 April 1867, Terre Haute, Indiana); one of at least eight children, three of whom died before age 10. James was a tobacconist. In 1850 he had real estate worth $1600; in 1860 he had property worth $5900, $3900 of it in real estate. John was elected city clerk in Terre Haute from 1875 to 1877. Though he may not have married, a license was issued for him to marry Lucy Compton, in 1869. John was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #177: 234.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #303: 500.

• H. C. Bradsby. History of Vigo County, Indiana. Chicago: S. B. Nelson & Co., 1891; pp. 258, 405, 412, 819.

• Vigo County, Indiana. Clerk of the Circuit Court. Marriage records, 1818-1951; vol 5: 151.

Woodlawn Cemetery, Terre Haute, Vigo County, Indiana, Index of Burials, 1839 Thru 1899, comp. Simona Lansaw. Kentucky, Owensboro: Cook-McDowell Publications, Inc., 1980; p. 225.

• “Woodlawn Burial Records, Terre Haute, Vigo County, Indiana.” 1941-1942; p. 333.

• Vigo County, Indiana. “Index to Death Records, Vigo County [Indiana], 1882-1920.” Comp. Indiana Works Progress Administration. 1940; vol 3: 219.

Sarah Jane T. (1849)


Tina T.: Clementina M. G. Tompkins (1856-1858; born 1848, DC; died 9 November 1931, New York, New York) Daughter of Benjamin Goodloe (born 4 September 1818; died 8 October 1847) and Juliet Latimer (born c1823, DC; died 31 March 1887, Paris, France); younger sister of subscriber Benjamin Latimer. Having studied art at the Peabody Art Institute, in 1852 Clementina went to Brussels to study and exhibit. Then she went to Paris, there to study under Leon Bonnat, who emphasized realism and a solid training in draftsmanship; all told, he taught about 60 American students in his atelier. Clementina painted portraits and genre pictures, exhibiting at the Corcoran and at the Philadelphia Exposition of 1876, where she won a medal for “The Little Musician”; she also exhibited “The Little Artist” and “Rosa, la fileuse,” at the Paris Exposition of 1878. Around 1900, she returned to the U. S., living and painting in New York City, where she died at Roosevelt Hospital of heart disease and emphysema; she was buried in Georgetown, DC.

As Tina: 1856.1.58

As Tina T.: 1857.1.62-63

As Clementine: 1858.1.62

• Robert A. Tompkins and Clare F. Tompkins. The Tomkins-Tompkins Geneology. Np: Robert A. Tompkins, 1942; pp. 111, 221.

• Clara Erskine Clement. Artists of the Nineteenth Century and Their Works, rev. ed. Np: np, 1884. (Repr. St. Louis: North Point, Inc., 1969); p. 299.

• John Denison Champlin, ed. Cyclopedia of Painters and Paintings. New York: Chas. Scribner’s Sons, 1887; p. 288.

• Chris Petteys, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1985; p. 702.

• H. Barbara Weinberg. The Lure of Paris: Nineteenth-Century American Painters and Their French Teachers. New York: Abbeville Press, 1991; pp. 164, 166.

Directory of New York City. New York: R. L. Polk & Co., 1915.

• New York. Secretary of State. New York County, New York, census records, 1915; ED1, block 1, line 12.

• New York, New York. Dept. of Health. Manhattan death certificates, 1920-1942; certificate #25951.

• Oak Hill Cemetery [DC] Interment Card File

• “Obituary, Clementina Tompkins.” ARTNews, December 1931: 12.

Arthur T—s (1858, from Starry Vale)


M. D. T—t (1845)


Taghonic (1866-1867, from Brooklyn, New York)

1867.2.61a (note)

Tema (1856, from Lexington; 1858)


Tennessean (1857-1859, 1865-1867, from Murfreesboro, Tennessee) In 1865, he was using box 159 in the Murfreesboro post office. His letter of November 1865 [1866.1.90-91] was his last, though a handful of Cousins asked about him: “By the way, where is our friend Tennessean?” Jasper wrote. “I suppose I ought to be ashamed to speak at all, after the manner in which I neglected your last letter. Who would think that it was one year ago? How time does fly!”


Mentioned, 1858.1.1231859.1.123-1241860.1.186-1871866.1.155

Reproved, 1859.2.601865.2.27b

Southern reaction to his meekness, 1866.1.90-91

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1867.1.27

Edwin Burton Thayer (1855; born 5 December 1840, Randolph, Vermont; died 22 December 1911, Miamiville, Ohio) Son of Isaac C. (born 5 April 1811, Randolph, Vermont) and Emeline Chandler (born c1820, Vermont; died 28 November 1868); eldest of three boys and four girls, one of whom died of consumption at age 16. Married 17 October 1866, Helen Martha Shattuck (born 4 February 1846, Sheldon, Vermont; died 14 October 1920, Ohio); eight children, one of whom died in infancy. Isaac was a farmer. Edwin enlisted in the 17th U. S. Infantry in June 1862, seeing duty at Fort Preble, in Maine, before becoming part of the Army of the Potomac; collapsing on a march to Gettysburg, he spent the rest of the War in a Maryland hospital, eventually recovering enough to clerk there. After the War, Edwin became a book keeper and cashier for a paper dealer in Cincinnati, Ohio.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #926: 218.

• Vermont. Secretary of State. General Index to Vital Records of Vermont, 1871-1908.

• George Chandler. The Chandler Family, rev. ed. Worcester, Massachusetts: C. Hamilton, 1883; pp. 1196-1197.

• Patricia Thayer Muno. E-mail correspondence, 3 June 2000.

E. H. Thompson: Elizabeth H. Thompson (1858; born c1848, Virginia) Daughter of Robert K. (born c1814, Scotland) and Catherine (born c1824, Virginia); second of three girls and four boys. Robert was a tanner; in 1850, he and his partner handled 350 hides per year. Owning one slave in 1850, Robert employed two in 1860.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #960: 193; reel #990: 687.

• M653 #1362: 76; reel #1394: 81.

• T1132. Nonpopulation Census Schedules, 1850-1880, Virginia. RG 29; reel #4.

Timid Birdie (1858, from Indiana): read the Museum with Hoosier Anne.

Mentioned, 1858.1.153b1858.1.153d

Jesse Tims (1871, from Boston)


Tomcat (1850, from Cape Lookout)


Tommy (1861-1868, from Brooklyn); at least one brother, Jasper. Tommy served on the U. S. S. Winona during the Civil War.


Benjamin Latimer Tompkins (1855; born November 1846, Virginia; died 13 July 1855, Georgetown, DC) Son of Benjamin Goodloe (born 4 September 1818; died 8 October 1847) and Juliet Latimer (born c1823, DC; died 31 March 1887, Paris, France); older brother of Clementina. Bennie was buried in Oakhill cemetery.


About, 1855.2.94b

Anecdote of, 1856.1.58

Reaction to death, 1855.2.125a

Sister’s reaction to death, 1857.1.62-63

• Robert A. Tompkins and Clare F. Tompkins. The Tomkins-Tompkins Geneology. Np: Robert A. Tompkins, 1942; pp. 111, 221.

Register of Burials of the Joseph F. Birch Funeral Home. Ed. Paul E. Shuby, sr., and Stanton L. Wormley. Washington, DC: Columbian Harmony Society, 1989; vol 1: 23.

• Oak Hill Cemetery [DC] Interment Card File.

Trevanion; T—r; T. D. W.: Trevanion Dallas Wilkins (1850-1852; born March 1839, Michigan; died 1 February 1858, Detroit, Michigan) Son of Ross (born 19 February 1799, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; died 17 May 1872) and Maria Duncan (born c1805, Ireland); one of seven children. Ross was a U. S. judge. Trevanion was 18 years and 11 months when he died.


As T—r: 1851.2.95-96

As Trevanion: 1852.1.941852.2.93

• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #212: 209.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #365: 142.

• Detroit, Michigan. Vital Records from the Detroit Free Press, 1838-1868, comp. Michigan Works Progress Administration; 1858: 194.

Dictionary of American Biography, ed. Dumas Malone. New York: Chas. Scribner’s Sons, 1936.

Who Was Who in America. Chicago: Marquis-Who’s Who, nd; Historical Vol: 580

Truxina (1851)


Tsee-nee-lung-kee (1866, from Indian Orphan Institute); a girl


Robert Stuart Turner (1854; born 4 April 1838, Saint Augustine, FL; died 29 December 1885, Minneapolis, MN); son of George Franklin Turner (born 22 April 1807, Boston, MA; died 17 Oct 1854, Corpus Christi, TX) and Mary Elizabeth Stuart (born 27 June 1814, Brooklyn, NY; died 4 June 1878, Minneapolis, MN); eldest of at least 3 boys and a girl. One brother died at age two in Washington, DC; Robert’s sister died at age 14 (died 17 Oct 1854, Corpus Christi, TX). Robert married 4 Sept 1865, Elizabeth Emma Baker Turner (born 9 Nov 1845, New Orleans, LA; died 21 June 1923, Mount Vernon, NY); Elizabeth was his first cousin and—after his mother married her sister’s widower—his stepsister. George Franklin Turner was a physician in the U. S. Army from the late 1830s to 1854. Robert became a physician. He was well traveled, living in Reading, Pennsylvania, in 1868 and in Duval, Florida, in 1880; he is buried in the First Presbyterian Churchyard, Morristown, New Jersey. He and Elizabeth apparently had no children.


• “Army. Official Special Orders.” New York Spectator [New York, NY] 41 (20 Aug 1838): 3.

• obituary of George Franklin Turner, jr. Daily National Intelligencer [Washington, DC] 38 (15 July 1850): 3.

• obituary of George Franklin and Kate Stuart Turner. Boston Recorder [Boston, MA] 39 (23 Nov 1854): 187.

• 1880 United States census; precinct 1, Duval, Florida; enumeration district 26; page 1, dwelling 7. []

• “Stuart, Cooper-Stewart, McKinney family tree.” []

• memorial at

John Updown (1849, from Boston)


Variable-Eyed Josie (1860)


Reaction to letter, 1860.2.155-156

Vincent (1865-1869)


Virginia (1854, from Ingleside)


Addie W. (1864-1868); at lease two brothers


Anna W. (1852, from Pawtucket)


Charlie F. W.: Charles F. Warren (1857-1868; baptized 15 June 1845, Framington, Massachusetts; died 22 September 1865, Boston, Massachusetts) Only son of John A. (born c1818, Massachusetts) and Anna Barnard (born c1820, Massachusetts); he had at least one younger sister. John was a salesman. Charles was a clerk living at 81 Harrison Ave. when he died.


As C. F. Warren: 1863.2.62

Mentioned, 1861.1.90

Death of, 1867.2.29-30

Reaction to death, 1867.2.61b

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #523: 264.

• Framingham, Massachusetts. Vital Records of Framingham, Massachusetts, to the Year 1850, comp Thomas W. Baldwin. Boston, Massachusetts: np, 1911; p. 201.

• Boston, Massachusetts. “Deaths Registered in the City of Boston for the Year 1865”; #3433.

D. W.: perhaps D. Walworth (1849; born c1833, Mississippi) Son of J.P. (born c1799, New York) and Sarah (born c1812, Illinois); eldest of two boys and three girls. J. P. was a planter with real estate worth $7000 in 1850; D. was a student.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #368: 27.

Hattie W.: probably Harriet E. White (1851; born c1838, Virginia) Daughter of Philip B. (born c1812, Virginia) and Elizabeth A. (born c1810, Virginia); third of two girls and two boys. Philip was a merchant in 1850, with real estate worth $2500 and at least 12 slaves.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #951: 449; #988: 287, 453.

Julia A. W. (1845) Her middle name was Ann. Subscriber S. M. W. was her biological cousin.


Louis M. W. (1855, from Westbrook, Maine)


M. E. W. (1857, from Detroit) In 1857 she had a three-year-old brother.

1858.1.62 (note)

N. H. W. (1846)


Rachel E. W.: probably Rachel E. Williams (1850; born c1839, Tennessee) Daughter of Willis L. (born 28 December 1809 Williamsboro, North Carolina; died 29 March 1857, St. Louis, Missouri) and Sarah M. (born c1816, Virginia); one of at least two children; Thomas T. (born c1836, Tennessee) was her older brother. Married 27 April 1859, John S. Miller; at least one boy. Willis was an attorney who practiced in Paris, Tennessee, before moving to St. Louis in 1842. Here he was also in the state house; he was very much interested in women’s rights. In the 1850 census, Rachel, her mother, and Thomas appear to be listed both in St. Louis and in Canandaigua, New York. In 1860 she and John were living with Sarah.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #416: 394; reel #571: 160.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #649: 146.

• “St. Louis Marriage Records”; pp. 9: 238.

• W. V. N. Bay. Reminiscences of the Bench and Bar of Missouri. St. Louis: F. H. Thomas & Co., 1878; pp. 263-270.

S. M. W. (1844, from Decatur, Georgia); subscriber Julia A. W. was her biological cousin.


Sarah M. W. (1850, from Decatur, Georgia; born c1839)


Sue D. W. (1861, from Vicksburg, Mississippi)


Reaction to letter, 1861.2.25

Suzy W. (1852)


W. L. W. (1846)


William W. (1857)


Waif (1864-1865)


H. H. R. Waite, Jr. (1856-1857, from Winfield).


Wanderer (1862-1863): Part of the Union blockading squadron in July 1862; he also wrote letters from Baltimore, Maryland, and from Washington, DC.

1863.2.91 (note)

Charles Horatio Ward (1855; born c1844, New York) Son of Horatio Gates (born c1809, New York; died 1852, Illinois) and Mary Warner (born c1815, Ohio; died 27 February 1909); eldest of two boys and a girl. Married 15 May 1866, Isabel C. Miles (born c1844, Michigan); at least one son. Horatio was a minister. In 1854, Mary married Samuel Bacon (born c1810, Vermont; died 20 February 1868), a music teacher who had a son around Charles’ age; Mary and Samuel were the parents of at least two girls. Charles and his brother and sister retained the last name of “Ward.” Charles was a druggist in 1870.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #616: 29.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #182: 578.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #241: 501.

• “Oakwood Cemetery, Geneseo Township, Henry County, Illinois.” Np: np, 1992; p. 13.

• Henry County, Illinois. Marriage records; book A: #57, #172.

Sarah Annie Wedgworth; Annie E. S. Wedgworth (1859; 1 January 1846, Alabama; died 22 July 1923, Oklahoma) Daughter of Larkin (born 23 January 1811, South Carolina; died 5 October 1886, Tuscaloosa, Alabama) and Sarah Jane Clark (born c1814, Tennessee); eldest of two girls and a boy. Married 18 April 1866, Dudley R. Logan (born 8 January 1846, Greene co., Alabama; died 21 November 1898, Mt. Pleasant, Texas); 11 children. Larkin was a farmer owning nine slaves and real estate worth $2400 in 1850; in 1860 he owned 14 slaves and real estate worth $2000. Annie and Dudley lived near Larkin in 1870, when Dudley was a farmer with $300 in real estate. Annie was buried in Wheelock Cemetery, Millerton, Oklahoma.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #6: 263; reel #19: np.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #25: 683; reel #36: 424.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #43: 263.

• Carolyn Reeves Ericson, comp. “Thomas Wedgworth and Rebecca Passmore and Some of Their Descendants.” 1994; p. 17.

• Roger V. Logan, Jr. “General M. LaRue Harrison.” Boone County Historian, 2 #2 (1979): 2-3.

Charley E. Wheelock (1859; born c1849, Michigan; died 1882) Only son of Hiram H. (born 16 December 1817, Sackett’s Harbor, Vermont; died 1895) and Elizabeth Denny (born 1821, Massachusetts; died 1904); one of at least two children. Charley’s father owned the store Charley was fond of frequenting: after moving to Hartford in 1846, he started the town’s first store, which he expanded in 1847. In 1860 he was a merchant worth $56,000, $26,000 of it in real estate. Charley may have enlisted in the Co. M, 1st Wisconsin Cavalry. He was a clerk, probably in Hiram’s store, in 1870, and may have been an officer in the Hartford Temple of Honor, #84, after it was established in 1876. Charley was buried in Union Cemetery, in Hartford.


• Wisconsin. Secretary of State. Elections and Records. Wisconsin State Census: Population, 1836-1905. vol. 3.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1438: 279.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #1742: 460.

History of Washington and Ozaukee Counties, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical Co., 1881; pp. 366, 413, 421, 596.

• “Union Cemetery, Cedar St., Hartford, Wisconsin,” transcribed Bev Hetzel.

Edward S. Whitcomb: Edward Savill Whitcomb (1853; born 2 April 1842, Fairfax, Vermont; died 8 August 1907) Son of Edward Sheldon (born 6 November 1822, Madrid, New York; died 12 January 1892, Underhill, Vermont) and Harriet Newell Bass (born 8 June 1821, Vermont); eldest of six children. Married Ella J. Walker. In 1850, Edward, sr, was a farmer with real estate worth $3,000; he also had a dry goods store in 1860, when he listed a value of $10,300, $5,000 of it in real estate. Edward, sr, was an abolitionist who traveled in the U. S. and Europe, as well as to what is now called Hawaii. In 1860 Edward—recently graduated from school—was a clerk. He and Ella had no children.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #923: 30.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1319: 465-466.

• Charlotte Whitcomb. The Whitcomb Family in America. Minneapolis: np, 1904; p. 84.

• Mary Anne Shepherd. John Whitcomb and Francis Coggin 350 Years Later. Del Mar, California: Hypercom Electronics, 1981; vol 1: 911.

Willie White, probably William Bache White (1855; born c1842, Pennsylvania) Son of Robert Gray (born 21 January 1807, Pennsylvania; died 6 September 1875, Pennsylvania) and Sarah Bache (born c1818, Pennsylvania); second of three girls and three boys. Robert was a lawyer who became a President judge in common pleas court by 1860; he owned property worth between $30,000 and $35,000. William, himself, was a law student in 1860.


• M704. 1840 United States Census; reel #495: 191.

• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #830: 194.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1187: 741.

• M593. 1870 United States Census; reel #1456: 184.

History of Tioga County, Pennsylvania. Np: R. C. Brown & Co., 1897; vol 1: 146-147.

• “Abstracts of Wills and Administrations of Tioga County, Pennsylvania.” Abstracted by Mrs. Clarence Frank. 1976; p. 146.

Willie Whiteman (1857, from Brooklyn)


Wild One (1859, from Texas)


Wild Willie (1859, from Lecovia)


Wilforley; Bess: William Forrest Oakley (1857-1864; born 3 August 1837, New Jersey; died 11 July 1864, Brooklyn, New York) Son of Robert Strong (born c1812, New York; died January 1862, New York) and Mary Ellen Forrest (born c1815, New York); eldest of four boys and four girls. The Oakleys moved to New York before 1842. Robert was the president of a bank note company, for which William worked in 1860. William had a biological cousin in Natchez, Mississippi. The Oakleys lived on Washington Ave. in 1863, when William’s name was number 1933 drawn in the draft on September 1; he was declared exempt due to myopia on September 25. William died at home of heart disease and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery. Author of a three-part article in 1861.

As Bess: 1858.1.153d (note)1859.1.189-1901860.2.881860.2.122-123

As Wilforley: 1861.1.881861.1.1841862.1.26-27 (note) • 1862.1.153a and note • 1863.2.1221864.1.125 (note)

About: 1864.2.60-61

Bess’s identity suspected, 1860.2.122-123

Bess’s identity revealed, 1861.1.88

Reaction to, 1861.2.25

Described, 1864.2.60-61

Mentioned, 1862.1.24

Death of, 1864.2.60-61

Death subject of poem, 1864.2.88b

Funeral of, 1864.2.60-611865.1.88-89

Reaction to death: 1864.2.60-611864.2.87-881864.2.88-891864.2.921864.2.123-1241864.2.124a1864.2.1251864.2.157a1865.1.251865.1.25-261865.1.271865.1.88-89

Robert Merry’s Museum ; 1862.2.91.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #767: 272.

• “Registers of Men Exempted from Service Due to Physical Disability.” RG 110; vol 16, entry 1554.

• “Records of the South Reformed Dutch Church in Garden Street, in the City of New York,” transcribed Royden Woodward Vosburgh. New York City: np, 1921; pp. 2, 56.

New York Daily Tribune. New York, New York. 2 September 1863; p. 8.

• “Died.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, New York. 12 July 1864; p. 4, col 2.

• Brooklyn, New York. Certificate of Death; #473, #4547.

Williams (1853, from Burlington, Iowa)


Harry Harsin Williams (1859, from Norwalk, Connecticut); at least one brother, Will


Willie (1858, from Littleton, Illinois)


Willie Wildwood (1856, from Chicago) Author of a piece in 1857


Willis (1855)


Jack Wilson (1855, from Genessee co., New York)


P. S. Wilson (1862)


Samuel Wilson, Jr. (1860; born c1843, Pennsylvania) Son of Samuel (born c1803, Ireland) and Agnes (born c1802, Ireland); he had an older and a younger sister. The family moved to Ohio sometime after 1845. There, Samuel, sr., was a carpenter with personal property worth $100. Authored 14 pieces between 1859 and 1864.


Reaction to poem, 1860.2.89-90 (note)

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #1015: 187.

Dolly Win (1867)


Winifred (1862-1863, from Detroit, Michigan)


Mentioned, 1863.1.59

Wolverine Boy (1859, from Finewood)


Willie Wright: William S. Wright (1854; born c1841, Indiana) Son of Edward W. (born c1817, Ohio) and Henrietta (born c1820, New Jersey); eldest of two boys and a girl. In Indiana, Willie’s father was a Presbyterian minister with real estate worth $2000 in 1850; in 1860 $2500 of his $3100 in property was real estate.


• M432. 1850 United States Census; reel #137: 253.

• M653. 1860 United States Census; reel #246: 330.

X. (1860)

1860.2.1231856.1.29 (note)

Delor C. York (1860, from Ontonagon, Lake Superior; born c1851)


Melville Young (1858, from Cairo, Illinois)


Your New Readers of Baton Rouge (1844)


Mentioned, 1846.2.125-126 (note)

Zadock (1856, from Boston)


a flourish

How to use this book

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1850s: 1850185118521853185418551856185718581859

1860s: 1860186118621863186418651866186718681869

1870s: 187018711872

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